著者
HIROSHI TAZAKI NAOAKI IKEDA SHUZABURO OMORI
出版者
The Keio Journal of Medicine
雑誌
The Keio Journal of Medicine (ISSN:00229717)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.3, pp.143-154, 1964 (Released:2009-03-27)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
3

A case of true hermaphroditism was reported, in which bilateral ovotestes were found, drumstick was positive in 12 out of 500 polymorphous leukocytes of peripheral blood stream, and the chromosome karyotype was 46 XX.Fifty cases of true hermaphrodites reported in Japan were reviewed and briefly discussed.Grateful acknowledgement is made to Prof. H. Tamura, Assistant Prof. H. Tofukuji of Dept. of Urology, and Assistant Prof. H. Watanabe of Dept. of Pathology. Our thanks are also to Dr. K. Suzuki of Dept. of Urology.Our grateful acknowledgements are due to Dr. Akira Tonomura in the Dept. of Human Genetics, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Japan.

1 1 1 1 OA 〓の研究

著者
梶山,英二
出版者
東京動物學會
雑誌
動物学雑誌
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.305, 1914-03-15
著者
王 勇
出版者
国際日本文化研究センター
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1-29, 1994-11-05

会議名: 日文研フォーラム, 開催地: 国際交流基金 京都支部, 会期: 1992年9月8日, 主催者: 国際日本文化研究センター
著者
薊 理津子
雑誌
江戸川大学紀要 = Bulletin of Edogawa University
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, 2019-03-15

本研究では,屈辱感が社会適応的行動を促進する,云わば,自己を向上させる行動を導くための調整変数を検討することを目的とした。調整変数として,自己効力感,Locus of Control,達成動機,賞賛獲得欲求,拒否回避欲求,自尊感情,原因帰属を取り上げた。先行研究に基づき,自己が他者よりも劣位に置かれた場面に焦点をあて,大学生にとって想起しやすいゼミのレポートの評価というシナリオを設定して検討した。結果,賞賛獲得欲求の低い者は屈辱感が高まると,自己を向上させる行動が促された。また,内的帰属の低い者は屈辱感が高まると,自己を向上させる行動が促されることが示された。以上より,自己が他者よりも劣位に置かれるという場面において,屈辱感が自己向上を動機づけるよう導く調整変数として,賞賛獲得欲求と内的帰属が見出された。
著者
古關 裕而[作曲]
出版者
ニッチク
巻号頁・発行日
0000
著者
市橋 則明 伊藤 浩充 吉田 正樹 篠原 英記 武富 由雄
出版者
日本理学療法士学会
雑誌
理学療法学 (ISSN:02893770)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.4, pp.388-392, 1992-07-10 (Released:2018-10-25)

健常女性30名を対象に大腿四頭筋とハムストリングスの求心性収縮と遠心性収縮による筋力と角速度の変化の関係を検討した。その結果,求心性収縮においては,大腿四頭筋とハムストリングス共に角速度が増加するに従い有意にピークトルクは低下した。遠心性収縮においては,大腿四頭筋のピークトルクは角速度の変化の影響を受けなかったが,ハムストリングスのピークトルクは角速度が増加するとともに有意に増加した。また,H/Q比は求心性収縮においては,角速度が増加するに従い有意に大きくなったが,遠心性収縮においては,有意な変化を示さなかった。E/C比は角速度が増加するに従い両筋共に有意に大きくなった。
著者
寺田 茂 宮田 伸吾 松井 伸公
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.5, pp.715-719, 2009 (Released:2009-11-25)
参考文献数
20

〔目的〕求心性収縮(COC)と遠心性収縮(ECC)時の収縮特性を筋酸素動態の変化から検討した。〔対象〕健常男性16名を対象とした。〔方法〕等速性運動機器を使用しCOC,ECCでの膝関節屈伸運動を行い,同時に近赤外線分光装置にて外側広筋の筋酸素動態の変化を記録した。得られたデータより,運動中の酸素飽和度(SdO2)最下点までの低下量,SdO2最下点までの到達時間,SdO2の回復時間を算出し,COC,ECC間で検討した。〔結果〕筋力はECCの方が高値であった。筋酸素動態では低下量は有意差を認めず,最下点到達時間はECCの方が遅く,回復時間は短かった。〔結語〕ECCではCOCよりも総仕事量が多いにもかかわらず酸素飽和度の低下は遅く,回復が早いという結果となった。これはECCでは機械的効率が高く,また筋血流量は比較的維持されていたためであると思われた。
著者
Thomas Svensson Manami Inoue Eiko Saito Norie Sawada Hiroyasu Iso Tetsuya Mizoue Atsushi Goto Taiki Yamaji Taichi Shimazu Motoki Iwasaki Shoichiro Tsugane
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20190210, (Released:2020-02-01)
参考文献数
39

BackgroundShort and long sleep durations are associated with mortality outcomes. The association between sleep duration and mortality outcomes may differ according to sex and age.MethodsParticipants of the Japan Public Health Center-based prospective study (JPHC Study) were aged 40-69 years and had completed a detailed questionnaire on lifestyle factors. Sex- and age-stratified analyses on the association between habitual sleep duration and mortality from all-causes, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), cancer and other causes included 46,152 men and 53,708 women without a history of CVD or cancer. Cox proportional hazards regression models, adjusted for potential confounders, were used to determine hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals.ResultsMean follow-up time was 19.9 years for men and 21.0 years for women. In the multivariable sex-stratified models, and compared with 7 hours, some categories of sleep durations ≥ 8 hours were positively associated with mortality from all-causes, CVD, and other causes in men and women.The sex- and age-stratified analyses did not reveal any major differences in the association between sleep duration and mortality outcomes in groups younger and older than 50 years of age. The only exception was the significant interaction between sleep duration and age in women for mortality from other causes.ConclusionsSleep durations ≥8 hours are associated with mortality outcomes in men and women. Age may be an effect modifier for the association between sleep duration and mortality from other causes in women.
著者
Mana Kogure Naho Tsuchiya Akira Narita Takumi Hirata Naoki Nakaya Tomohiro Nakamura Atsushi Hozawa Takehito Hayakawa Nagako Okuda Naoko Miyagawa Aya Kadota Takayoshi Ohkubo Yoshitaka Murakami Kiyomi Sakata Katsuyuki Miura Akira Okayama Tomonori Okamura Hirotsugu Ueshima
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20190234, (Released:2020-02-08)
参考文献数
20

Background: Major reasons for long-term care insurance certification in Japan are stroke, dementia and fracture. These diseases are reported to be associated with calcium intake. This study examined the association between calcium intake and impaired activities of daily living (ADL) using the data from NIPPON DATA90, consisting of representative sample of the Japanese population.Methods: A population-based nested case control study was performed. A baseline survey was conducted in 1990, followed by ADL surveys of individuals ≥65 years old in 2000. Individuals with impaired ADL and selected age- and sex-matched controls were then identified. We obtained 132 pairs. Calcium intake was energy-adjusted using the residual method. The association between calcium intake and impaired ADL was examined using conditional logistic regression models. To assess the accuracy of the estimates, we conducted bootstrap analyses.Results: The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for impaired ADL compared with the group with a calcium intake of <476 mg/day were 0.72 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI: 0.37-1.40) for the 476-606 mg/day group and 0.44 (0.21-0.94) for the ≥607 mg/day group in 2000 (P for linear trend = 0.03). After the bootstrap analyses, the inverse relationship unchanged (median OR per 100-mg rise in calcium intake: 0.87 [1,000 resamplings], 95% CI: 0.76-0.97).Conclusions: After bootstrap analyses, calcium intake was inversely associated with impaired ADL, 10 years after the baseline survey.
著者
Satomi Ikeda Ai Ikeda Kazumasa Yamagishi Miyuki Hori Sachimi Kubo Mizuki Sata Chika Okada Mitsumasa Umesawa Tomoko Sankai Akihiko Kitamura Masahiko Kiyama Tetsuya Ohira Takeshi Tanigawa Hiroyasu Iso
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20190140, (Released:2020-02-22)
参考文献数
35

Background. The frequency of laughter has been associated with cardiovascular disease and related biomarkers, but no previous studies have examined association between laughter and changes in blood pressure levels. We therefore sought to identify temporal relationships between frequency of laughter in daily life and systolic and diastolic blood pressure changes in participants from 2010 to 2014.Methods. Participants were 554 men and 887 women aged 40-74 years who answered self-administered questionnaire quantifying frequency of laughter at baseline. We measured participant blood pressure levels twice using automated sphygmomanometers for each year from 2010 to 2014. The associations between laughter and changes in blood pressure over time were analyzed using linear mixed-effect models.Results. There was no significant difference in blood pressure according to frequency of laughter at baseline in either sex. Men with frequency of laughter 1 to 3 per month or almost never had significantly increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels over four-year period (time-dependent difference (95% CI): 0.96 mmHg (-0.2, 1.8); p=0.05). Changes in blood pressure associated with infrequent laughter (i.e., 1 to 3 per month or almost never) were evident in men without antihypertensive medication use over four years (0.82 mmHg (0.1, 1.5); p=0.02) and men who were current drinkers at baseline (1.29 mmHg (-0.1, 2.3); p=0.04). No significant difference was found between frequency of laughter and systolic (0.23mmHg (-1.0, 1.5); p=0.72) and diastolic (-0.07mmHg (-0.8, 0.7); p=0.86) blood pressure changes in women.Conclusions. Infrequent laughter was associated with long-term blood pressure increment among middle-aged men.
著者
Sachiko Ono Yosuke Ono Daisuke Koide Hideo Yasunaga
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.3, pp.116-120, 2020-03-05 (Released:2020-03-05)
参考文献数
19

Background: Guidelines recommend against all codeine use in children for its common indications of analgesia and cough suppression because of uncertain benefits and potential risk of death. However, because of its rarity, the occurrence of severe respiratory depression associated with codeine-containing antitussives has been poorly investigated. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between codeine-containing antitussives and severe respiratory depression in children.Methods: We retrospectively identified Japanese children who were prescribed antitussives for respiratory diseases from a large Japanese administrative claims database (JMDC, Tokyo, Japan). We collected data on baseline characteristics including age, sex, and comorbidity. Each case was matched with four controls with the same sex and age in the same year from the same type of medical institution. We then examined the association between codeine-containing antitussives and subsequent severe respiratory depression using multivariable conditional logistic regression analysis.Results: Of 164,047 children, 18,210 (11.1%) were prescribed codeine-containing antitussives. Of the children who took codeine-containing drugs, seven experienced severe respiratory depression. After adjusting for confounding factors, there was no significant difference in the proportion of severe respiratory depression between children with and without codeine-containing antitussives (odds ratio 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.48–2.78).Conclusion: Occurrence of respiratory depression was very rare, and the association of codeine with respiratory depression was insignificant, even in a large sample of children in Japan.
著者
Xing-Bing Pan Hui-Jun Wang Bing Zhang Ying-Li Liu Su-Fen Qi Qing-Bao Tian
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.3, pp.128-135, 2020-03-05 (Released:2020-03-05)
参考文献数
32

Background: The prevalence of overweight is increasing dramatically worldwide. The aim of our study was to investigate the association of plain water intake (PWI) with the risk of new-onset overweight risk among Chinese adults.Methods: A total of 3,200 adults aged 18–65 who were free of overweight at baseline were enrolled from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) cohort study in 2006–2011. The risk of new-onset overweight with different amounts of PWI per day was analyzed in this 5-year cohort. A multiple logistic regression model was used to assess the association of PWI and the risk of new-onset overweight and adjust for potential confounders. Moreover, dose-response models were developed to estimate the linear relationship.Results: During 5 years of follow-up, 1,018 incident cases were identified. Our analysis indicated an inverse association of more than 4 cups of PWI per day and the risk of new-onset overweight among normal weight individuals. Compared with participants who drank 2 to 3 cups PWI, the adjusted odds ratios (OR) of overweight were 0.741 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.599–0.916) in participants who drank 4 to 5 cups PWI, and 0.547 (95% CI, 0.435–0.687) in participants who drank more than 6 cups PWI. The dose-response analysis showed that every cup of PWI was associated with a 6.5% and 8.4% decrease in the risk of new-onset overweight among men and women, respectively. The interactions of PWI and covariates on the risk of overweight were not found.Conclusion: Drinking more than 4 cups (≈1 liter) per day of plain water is associated with decrease in the risk of new-onset overweight among normal-weight individuals.
著者
金耿昊編纂
出版者
緑蔭書房
巻号頁・発行日
2013

1 1 1 1 OA 亡国星

著者
松居松葉 著
出版者
春陽堂
巻号頁・発行日
1900

1 1 1 1 OA ワニ料理

著者
山崎 妙子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本調理科学会
雑誌
日本調理科学会誌 (ISSN:13411535)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.2, pp.155-159, 1996-05-20 (Released:2013-04-26)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
2