著者
清郭佩蘭撰
出版者
郭氏刊
巻号頁・発行日
vol.[6], 1666
著者
中島 明日佳 船山 道隆 小嶋 知幸 稲葉 貴恵 川島 広明 青木 篤美
出版者
一般社団法人 日本高次脳機能障害学会
雑誌
高次脳機能研究 (旧 失語症研究) (ISSN:13484818)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.4, pp.439-448, 2011-12-31 (Released:2013-01-04)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
1 or 0

語義失語は, 井村 (1943) が, 日本語の特性を考慮した上で超皮質性感覚失語を捉え直した失語型であり, (1) 良好な復唱能力, (2) 言語理解障害, (3) 語性錯語を伴う発話障害, (4) 特徴的な漢字の障害, などを特徴とする。近年, 前頭側頭葉変性症の 1 亜型である意味性認知症 semantic dementia (SD) に伴う失語型として論じられることが多いが, 語義失語と意味記憶障害との関連は十分には調べられていない。今回われわれは, 静脈性の脳梗塞によって左側頭葉を前方から広範に損傷した後, 語義の理解障害と喚語困難を中核とする語義失語 (超皮質性感覚失語) を呈した 1 例について, 意味記憶の検討を行った。その結果, われわれが調べ得た範囲で, 意味記憶障害を示唆する所見は認められなかった。以上より, (1) 語義失語=SD ではないこと, (2) 記号である語彙項目とリファレントである意味記憶との間の相互の記号変換 (coding) の障害が存在すれば, 語義失語の定義を満たす失語像が出現することを指摘した。
著者
西山 耕一郎
出版者
日本喉頭科学会
雑誌
喉頭 (ISSN:09156127)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.93-100, 2016-12-01 (Released:2017-06-13)
参考文献数
22

Dysphagia has now become a common disease in Japan, and the presence of otolaryngologists is more significant in the dysphagia clinics. Impaired swallowing function can easily cause suffocation and aspiration pneumonia which can be induced by food, saliva and stomach acid. Patients with dementia could have a suffocation by filling up food in their mouth. Although the aspiration pneumonia in elderly patients is difficult to avoid, an oral diet can often be continued with appropriate treatment. Multidisciplinary team approach is necessary in the field of swallowing medicine, however the otolaryngologist can play a leading role in the team evaluating the swallowing function and treating the dysphagia and pneumonia.
著者
前田 均 八幡 知之 里内 美弥子 竹中 和弘 横山 光宏
出版者
一般社団法人 日本アレルギー学会
雑誌
アレルギー (ISSN:00214884)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.11, pp.1282-1289, 1995
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
3 or 0

卵白アルブミン感作モルモットに対する抗原暴露による気道収縮反応に及ぼす低分子ヘパリン (LMWH) の効果について検討した. ハートレー系モルモットを用い, 卵白アルプミン感作による二相性喘層, モデルを作成し, 呼吸抵抗を経時的に測定し気道反応性を検討した. またBALF, 組織学的検討を加えた. LMWH吸入により, 抗原暴露後の呼吸抵抗は, 生食吸入に比べ, 即時型気道反応においては, 8分を除く1分から9分, また遅発型気道反応においては4時間目および7時間目以降24時間目まで有意な抑制を認めた. また即時型気道反応において, 最大収縮に至る時間も5.3±4.6分から9.6±4.3分へと有意な延長をきたした. LMWH吸入は, BALFでは生食吸入に比べ好酸球の減少 (8.2±0.4%→5.5±1.2%, p<0.01), また組織学的検討でも好酸球数の浸潤の減少(155±15.8→71.0±7.3, p<0.01)を認めた. 以上より, LMWHは抗原暴露後気道収縮反応および好酸球の浸潤を抑制し, 気管支喘息に対する防御因子として重要であると考えられた.
著者
中村 文哉
出版者
山口県立大学
雑誌
山口県立大学学術情報 (ISSN:21894825)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.33-58, 2017-02-28

ミーニシ(冬期の南西諸島に吹く北西の季節風)が吹き出す候の1935年11月25日、星塚敬愛園園長・林文雄他四名のスタッフは、沖縄・奄美のハンセン病罹患者を収容するため、鹿児島を発った。この収容により、沖縄から129名、奄美から116名の病者たちは、時化で荒れる海に打ち克ち、開園間もない敬愛園に収容された。本稿は、この収容準備の過程を追うことにより、船による、僻地の離島からの、遠距離病者移送の問題点と危険性について考察する。この考察から引き出される見解は、以下の通りである。第一に、今回の収容方は、日本MTLを介した沖繩MTLと敬愛園の連携により、それまで療養所構築の件で失策が続いた沖繩縣の協力を引き出したこと、第二に、僻地の離島収容は、病者と療養所の直接的関係だけでなく、病者・地域社会・療養所から成る三者関係の構築が必要なこと、第三に、船による遠距離の病者移送、しかも僻地の離島からの病者移送は、それまで放置され、社会的孤立を余儀なくされた病者たちのニーズに応える機会を創出した点で、新たな病者救恤の可能性を開いたこと、以上のことが明らかにされる。At 25 November 1935, Fumio Hayashi who was the first president of national leprosarium "Hoshizuka-Kei'aien" departed for Amami-Ohshima and Okinawa Islands with his four stuffs. Their purpose of departure was planed to accommodate the peoples with Hansen's disease at these islands for Kei'aien at Kagoshima Prefectural. To actualize their accommodation, there is the danger that go across the route for Amami-Oshima at stomy season. And at all seasons, there is a danger-path for any ships going across to Tohshima(the Sea of Shicitoh) between Amami-Ohshima and Yakushima Islands. They accommodated the poor and serious patients with Hansen's disease. In all of them, 129 patients went across to the Sea of Shichitoh from Okinawa and 116 from Amami, overtaking by the very hard storm. In this paper, as tracing some preparatory processes of accommodation, we consider on some risks to the serious patients with Hansen's disease from the detached islands in the out-of-the-way place and the far-off-sea by small ship. Our conclusion is follow; first, to accommodate the peoples with Hansen's disease from the detached islands is possible to actualize the construction of social networks between not only patients with Hansen's disease and stuffs of leprosarium but also local community(center); second though the accommodation at remote place through far-way transfer by small ship had some difficulties and risks, it is possible to accommodate a patient who is helpless and social isolation.
著者
中村 文哉
出版者
山口県立大学
雑誌
山口県立大学社会福祉学部紀要 (ISSN:1341044X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.73-105, 2007-03-20

This paper considers on the affaire of Arashiyama (Arashiyama Jiken) at 1932. Arashiyama where become one of the famous tourist resorts is a small mountain located in northwest of Nago city in Okinawa Island. This affair took place as a political conflict concerning with the construction of a sanatorium for Hansen's disease between the communities neighboring on and Okinawa prefecture. Though the rate of contraction indicated a high score in 1930's Okinawa, Okinawa prefecture was failed to realize some medical policies for this disease. The increasing uncured patients in many communities were one of the serious social problems in this time. As failed in business to construct a sanatorium in many times, Okinawa prefecture forced to constitute Arashiyama-plan without making an agreement with the communities. This political decision constitutes incipient factors of this affair. To be sure the affair of Arashiyama seemed to take place by the communities prejudiced and discriminated to Hansen's disease, but pluralistic factors had in; first is influenced to Socialism's solidarity between "the Hanejiunion for opposition to sanatorium" and "the political party for Reunion Ohgimi community"; second the perspective to cure patients; third the perspective to patients. The mission of this paper positively clarifies pluralistic aspects of this affair with scientific interpreting the newspapers, some local histories and narrative-documents.
著者
奥 香織
出版者
西洋比較演劇研究会
雑誌
西洋比較演劇研究 (ISSN:13472720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.2, pp.29-40, 2015-03-31 (Released:2015-04-01)

This paper aims to explain the features and uniqueness of Harlequin (Arlequin) in Lesage’s 1713 fair theater: Arlequin, roi de Serendib, performed at the fair St. Germain; Arlequin Thétis, performed at the fair St Laurent; and Arlequin invisible, performed at the fair St. Laurent. During the early eighteenth-century, performances at the fairs of Paris were very popular. The Commedia dell’arte’s characters, especially Harlequin, took center stage in these performances. When Lesage wrote these three plays, speaking parts were prohibited on stage at fairs. Under these circumstances Lesage presented silent drama in which the audience sings the words that should be said by actors. So, in three plays written in this form, the corporality is particularly emphasized, and it is Harlequin that has a particularly important role. Traditionally, the body language is one of the most important elements of this character; furthermore, in this period, Harlequin’s image, nature, and gestures are shared by the audience: common codes function during performance. By using effectively Harlequin’s well-known character and gestures, Lesage tries to create his own silent drama in a difficult and particular condition for playwrights. In Lesage’s three works, Harlequin moves around freely in a fantasy world influenced by Italian comedy performed in seventeenth-century Paris. Traditional features of this character (gluttony, greed, lust for women) are adroitly integrated into each story. In all cases, Lesage’s Harlequin concentrates on mimes each action, because he cannot say anything meaningful on stage: In this situation, the audience concentrates intensely on his mimic function. By combining the well-known commedia gestures (lazzi) and traditional plot features of Harlequin, Lesage creates his own world, which pivots on corporality. In the official theater of eighteenth-century France, Harlequin becomes more “human,” but Lesage’s works demonstrate that this character appears differently at the fair because of his use of body language. Lesage’s attempt in his early career has not been considered outstanding work when compared to form his opéra-comiques later in the century. Yet his early works are important from the perspective of the development of body language and pantomime—important features of later eighteenth-century drama. His experiment in this particular theatrical form is only temporary, yet his efforts influence later popular theater, and especially nineteenth-century theater in France. Lesage’ss Harlequin only appears at “non-official” places, but he still plays an important role in the history of French theater.
著者
パーティ アラン デル
出版者
新潟経営大学
雑誌
新潟経営大学紀要 (ISSN:13412604)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.189-232, 2002-03-25

and Singapore. While other Asian economies suffered a drastic drop to below zero GDP growth levels, collapse of stock and real estate prices and general chaos, these four Chinese economies suffered only relatively minor adjustments in all four areas and continued their expansions. This turn of events has caused a need for reexplanation of previous thinking on the subject. The neoclassical economic model by assuming perfect knowledge and perfect market equilibrium had left the entrepreneur and the state with no major role to be played in the development process. However, out of this desire to expand on the neoclassical foundation, the long founded school of Austrian economics has been revived by many economists. It's only been since 1989 that over a dozen economists and others have begun applying these theories of adaptive entrepreneurship to the Asian NIEs economies. These adaptive theories differ from Schumpeter's creative entrepreneurship theories yet are complimentary. This study will utilize Kirznerian adaptive entrepreneurship as a framework for analyzing the case studies used in this thesis in order to compliment the explanatory power of the neoclassical explanation for the so called miracle of the three little tigers or as some have called the Chinese newly industrialized economies (NIEs or Ethnic Chinese Economies).
著者
坪井玄道, 田中盛業 編
出版者
金港堂
巻号頁・発行日
1888
著者
渡辺 真純 神山 育男 神谷 一徳 佐和 貞治 仲村 秀俊 石坂 彰敏 小林 紘一
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 日本呼吸器内視鏡学会
雑誌
気管支学 (ISSN:02872137)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.8, pp.592-596, 2006
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
1 or 0

目的.気管支鏡下に低侵襲で特定領域の気道上皮被覆液(ELF)を採取できるマイクロサンプリング(BMS)法を関発し急性肺損傷,肺癌などの診断に応用している.BMS法により採取したELFがプロテオーム解析可能か検討した.方法.BMSプローブは先端に吸湿性チップのついた内筒カテーテルと外筒からなり,気管支鏡チャンネルを通じてELFを採取できる.ELF 2μlからプロテインテップシステム^<TM>(サイファージェン・バイオシステムズ)を用いてパルスレーザー照射による質量分析を行った.1)ラットLPS肺損傷モデルでのELFの経時的解析および2)原発性肺癌症例での腫瘍周囲ELFの解析を行った.結果.1)LPS投与後ラットのプロテオーム解析では31000,47000,63000 Da付近に再現性のあるピークが確認された.TNF-α antagonist 投与では上記のピークは消失または減少した.protein bankの検索からこれらピークはTNF-α関連物質などである可能性が示唆されている.2)腺癌症例の解析で腫瘍側ELFで3460,9280,20800 Da付近および5230 Da付近に健常側では認められないピークを認めた.まとめ.BMS法によるELF検体のプロテーオム解析が可能なことが判明した.各種肺疾患ELF中の網羅的蛋白解析が病態解明につながると考えられた.(気管支学.2006;28:592-596)
著者
石原 俊一 内堀 知美 今井 有里紗 牧田 茂
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.Special_issue, pp.177-184, 2015 (Released:2015-02-19)
参考文献数
24

Type D personality has recently attracted attention as a psychological factor closely related to the onset and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD). The purpose of the present research was to develop the Japanese version of Type D scale and to evaluate its validity and reliability. Participants (N=291; 133 CHD patients, 158 normal adults) completed questionnaires including the Japanese version of the Type D Scale (DS14), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Kikuchi's Social Skills Scale-18 (Kiss-18), and Negative Emotional Suppression Tendency Scale. Exploratory factor analysis of Japanese DS14 revealed two factors (social inhibition: SI, and negative affectivity: NA) comprised of 14 items. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an adequate index of fitness. In addition, the scale had an acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha, SI=.862, and NA=.799), as well as adequate reliability. These results indicate that the Japanese version of DS14 is a clinically useful scale for evaluating Type D personality in patients with CHD.