著者
武田 宗和 名取 恵子 諸井 隆一 原田 知幸 矢口 有乃 稲垣 伸洋
出版者
日本腹部救急医学会
雑誌
日本腹部救急医学会雑誌 (ISSN:13402242)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.4, pp.735-739, 2013-05-31 (Released:2013-07-26)

要旨:【症例】37歳飲酒歴のない女性。意識障害で発見され救急搬送,既往は躁鬱病と境界型人格障害。来院時ショック状態で下血を認め,緊急下部内視鏡検査で直腸から左側結腸まで全周性・連続性の発赤とびらんを認めた。翌日,薄めたウオッカ約1L(推定アルコール濃度49%)を自ら注腸したことが判明,虚血性腸炎に準じ保存的治療を選択。8病日の内視鏡検査では直腸からS状結腸までは粘膜の修復が認められ保存的治療を継続した。4週間後,下行結腸の高度な腸管狭窄を合併したため,本人との話し合いの結果,横行結腸に人工肛門を造設することとなった。【考察】過去の報告では,アルコール注入による直腸結腸炎は保存的治療で治癒することが多いとされる。本例は高濃度のアルコールが大量に注入され広範囲に腸管が傷害された上にショック状態に陥り,腸管虚血をきたしその治癒過程で腸管狭窄を合併したものと推察された。本例における治療方針に関する問題点をふまえ文献的考察を加え報告する。
著者
酒向 貴子 川田 伸一郎 手塚 牧人 上杉 哲郎 明仁
出版者
国立科学博物館
雑誌
Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science. Series A, Zoology (ISSN:18819052)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.63-75, 2008-06

The distribution of latrines of the raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides, was examined from July 2006 to December 2007 in the Imperial Palace grounds, Tokyo, Japan. The raccoon dog is accustomed to defecate at fixed locations, forming holding latrines; thus the distribution of latrines is a good indicator of their abundance. The results suggest that the latrines are widely scattered in the study site, but are more dense in the Fukiage area, where an old-growth broad-leaved forest is established. The latrine sites are used more frequently from September to December, as the number of fresh feces increased in the autumnal season. To examine the seasonal food changes of the raccoon dogs, 10 pieces of feces from some latrines were collected every month and analyzed the indigestible contents in the sampled feces. The food items identified consisted of animal, plant and man-made materials, suggesting that the raccoon dogs were highly omnivorous. The animal materials found from the feces included mammals (4% of total feces), birds (37%), reptiles (2%), amphibians (3%), insects (95%), chilopods (56%), isopods (2%) and gastropods (12%). Invertebrates were the most abundand food item throughout the year. Three coleopteran families, the Carabidae, Staphylinidae and Scarabaeidae, accounted for a large proportion of the insects and they showed seasonal fluctuations. These suggest that the raccoon dogs fed on them as major animal food resources in the study site, and perhaps the seasonality is related to the temporal changes of availability of the insects. The majority of plant materials found in the feces was a variety of seeds, suggesting that the raccoon dogs fed on berries and fleshy fruits throughout the year. The occurrence of seeds decreased from March to April, which coincided with a low availability of fruits. The seeds found in feces were categorized into three types : (1) the short-term berry type including Prunus (Cerasus) spp., Moms spp., Rubus hirsutus and Machilus thunbergii, which occurred only a short term after their fruiting periods ; (2) the long-term berry type, including Celtis sinensis, Aphananthe aspera and Swida controversa, which occurred continuously for three or more months after the fruiting periods ; (3) the acorn type, including Castanopsis spp., Quercus spp. and Ginkgo biloba, which occurred in early spring (January to April) when the other fruits are scarce. The seasonal change of the three fruit types implies that the raccoon dogs consume the available fruits in relation to the successive fruiting periods. The proportion of artificial materials found in the feces was considerably lower than in previous studies carried out in the suburbs of Tokyo, suggesting that the raccoon dogs in the study site strongly depend on natural foods. Most of the natural food items were native to Japan since the past Edo period. Thus we conclude that the preservation of biodiversity in the Imperial Palace grounds was essential for the re-colonization by the raccoon dogs of the Tokyo metropolitan area after the 1970s.
著者
中込 清皓 村瀬 康治
雑誌
テレビジョン学会誌 (ISSN:03866831)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, no.2, pp.146-150, 1984 (Released:2011-03-14)

クイズ番組専用として, リモートセンシング等に使用されている画像処理装置を中心に, 各種の周辺装置と効果音発生用シンセサイザーを組合せ, 多彩な機能を盛り込んだ総合システムとしてまとめた.この結果, 操作性の単純化と共に, 多種多様な機能と相まって, 当番組の意図する番組作りに大きく寄与している.

137 137 3 0 OA 日本お伽噺集

著者
巌谷小波 著
出版者
アルス
巻号頁・発行日
1927

137 137 137 0 OA 一番組い組

著者
芳虎
出版者
丸鉄
雑誌
江戸の花子供遊び
巻号頁・発行日
1858

142 132 0 0 OA 東京地下鉄道史

著者
東京地下鉄道株式会社 編
出版者
東京地下鉄道
巻号頁・発行日
vol.乾, 1934
著者
藤井 利江 山口 裕幸
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.135-148, 2003-03-31
被引用数
2 or 0

The purpose of this study was to grasp the actuality of undergraduates question behaviors in classes, and to examine factors affecting them. In study 1, observation of undergraduates' question behaviors was conducted. As a result, the question behaviors were classified into four styles: 1.voluntary style, 2.not-voluntary style, 3.after-class style, 4.no-question. In study 2, the questionnaire about the usual question behavior, the reason why they don't ask voluntary in classes, and factors that seemed to affect question behaviors was conducted. Subjects were 292 undergraduates. Results were as follows: (a) the tendency that students didn't ask question voluntary in classes, but ask question actively after classes was founded, (b) not only the individual characteristics, but also the class situation affected the undergraduates' question behaviors. Result of this study suggested that the undergraduates' question behaviors were affected by the existence of other students and the mood of class strongly. so that students didn't ask questions voluntary in classes.

112 111 5 0 OA 官報

著者
大蔵省印刷局 [編]
出版者
日本マイクロ写真
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1890年10月22日, 1890-10-22
著者
高橋 ひとみ/衞藤 隆 衞藤 隆
出版者
桃山学院大学
雑誌
人間文化研究 (ISSN:21889031)
巻号頁・発行日
no.2, pp.193-210, 2015-03-23

It is proposed that near-vision acuity tests be conducted in kindergartens and nurseries throughout the country and that infant medical checkups should also be carried out. This will allow early detection of and timely treatment for children with amblyopia. The younger the age at which these tests are carried out, the more effective they will be. If amblyopia is detected and treated by the age of 3, most children will be able to complete their treatment before reaching school age. This will enable them to begin their school life without being burdened by poor eyesight, and contribute to a society in which all children have equal access to compulsory education. To bring about that end, the introduction of "reliable" visual acuity tests over a short time is necessary. I considered the best form of visual acuity test from the standpoint of both the infant to be tested and that of the teacher carrying out the test. In order to ensure "reliability", it is necessary to use the Landolt Ring eye-mark, which meets definitions of eyesight. In addition, a picture-based eye-mark is recommended, as it is more likely to gain the understanding of the infant being tested. Avisual acuity test will be more effective if infants have already grown accustomed to the Landolt Ring during play. This picture book was devised with that aim in mind.
著者
文部省 編
出版者
文部省
巻号頁・発行日
1942
著者
エヴァン P. エコノモ
雑誌
日本生態学会誌 (ISSN:00215007)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.3, pp.735-742, 2016 (Released:2016-12-28)

要旨: 海外滞在は科学者としての人生とキャリアを成長・発展させる重要な期間となり得る。ある意味において科学者は世界中を自由に移動し活動できる存在でなくてはならない。なぜなら科学は境界を超える万国共通の探求活動だからである。しかし、アカデミアは文化と伝統に左右される人間活動で、それが移動を難しくすることがある。本論で私は、西洋アカデミアへの就職に興味があり、その座を勝ち取りたい日本人科学者に幾つかアドバイスしたい。国際的なトップジャーナルに論文掲載される素晴らしい研究を行うことは、もちろん科学者のキャリア向上のための最重要要素である。だが、対策が必要な二番目に重要な要素もある。すなわち日本の研究者にはたぶんあまり知られていない、西洋アカデミアの“暗黙の規則”である。これが日本研究者の潜在能力への足かせになっているかもしれない。ここではポジションの見つけ方、見込みのあるスーパーバイザーへのコンタクトの取り方、そして西洋アカデミア流の良い推薦状の書き方について論じる。

51 51 22 0 OA 秘密の花園

著者
岩下小葉 著
出版者
平凡社
巻号頁・発行日
1929

59 50 0 0 OA 法令全書

出版者
内閣官報局
巻号頁・発行日
vol.明治7年, 1912