文献ランキング(各10件)

著者
松阪 崇久
出版者
日本笑い学会
雑誌
笑い学研究 (ISSN:21894132)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.90-106, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)

動物ショーやテレビ番組に出演するチンパンジー・パンくんの映像作品を用いて、パンくんの感情表出についての分析を行った。映像作品でのパンくんは、着衣で二足歩行を行うことが多く、自然なチンパンジーの姿とは大きく異なっていた。テレビ番組用の映像と動物ショーの本番の映像では、それ以外の動物園などでの映像と比べて、チンパンジー本来の姿とのズレが大きく、感情表出に関しては、ポジティブな笑顔や笑いの表出よりも、恐怖・不安・不満といったネガティブな表出が多い傾向があった。とくにテレビ番組では、パンくんに試練を課し、不安やストレスを与えるシーンもしばしば見られた。このようなパンくん自身の感情表出以外に、テロップ、ナレーションや、チンパンジーの音声の追加によって、パンくんの感情を演出または改変する場面もあった。以上の結果を元に、ショーやテレビにチンパンジーが出演することの問題点について議論した。また、動物の福祉を考える上で、笑いや遊びに注目する意義について考察した。
著者
渡辺 和子
出版者
リトン
雑誌
死生学年報
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, pp.5-28, 2020-03-31

The ‘Standard Version’ of The Epic of Gilgamesh, which is conjectured to have been established in the 11 century BC in Ancient Mesopotamia, originally consisted of eleven tablets, not twelve. It was well known in Mesopotamia that when a story was written on a set of tablets, the end of each tablet would have had a ‘catch-line’ identical to the first line of the next tablet. We can find these ‘catch-lines’ on each tablet of this epic showing us which tablet should follow.It is easy to interpret the epic as the unsuccessful journey of Gilgamesh, as M. Eliade did in his book: Histoire des croyances et des idées religieuses 1, 1976, 92. However, the ‘Standard Version’ of the epic was, in the present author’s view, a unique literary piece in which the editor seems to have concealed a number of devices, tricks, and riddles. The first step in solving the riddles seems to be to recognize the six lines at the end of the 11th tablet as ‘catch-lines’, which become a clue to decoding the message indicating that one should back to the same wording on the 1st tablet, in the preface written by the editor. This means that one must read the story repeatedly, always going back to the beginning, in order to identify and solve the riddles step by step in a continual reading of the whole work.The epic was probably a special piece that functioned primarily as a text book for the long-term training of the āšipu, the Mesopotamian shaman, and his professional circle of colleagues and candidates for āšipu, such as scribes, diviners, and physicians. Secondly, the epic which has been beloved by many as a popular work until our time, would have been helpful in the individuation process of human beings, as Rivkah Schärf Kluger has argued: “In the hero myth in particular, there is one character, the hero, who is the actor in a continuous sequence of events. The hero can, therefore, be consid28 ered as the anticipation of a development of ego-consciousness, and what he goes through in the myth as an indication of the process of moving toward the wholeness which is implicit and innate in the psyche; in the individual, the individuation process” (R. S. Kluger, The Archetypal Significance of Gilgamesh: A Modern Ancient Hero, 1991, 17).

46 46 46 46 OA 関ケ原

著者
直木三十五 著
出版者
春陽堂
巻号頁・発行日
1932
著者
Nasser Malekpour Alamdari Siamak Afaghi Fatemeh Sadat Rahimi Farzad Esmaeili Tarki Sasan Tavana Alireza Zali Mohammad Fathi Sara Besharat Leyla Bagheri Fatemeh Pourmotahari Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani Ali Dabbagh Seyed Ali Mousavi
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.252, no.1, pp.73-84, 2020 (Released:2020-09-09)
参考文献数
49

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has killed many people worldwide since December 2019, and Iran has been among the most affected countries. In this retrospective study, we aimed to determine the prognostic factors associated with mortality in COVID-19 patients by analyzing 396 survived and 63 non-survived patients in Shahid Modarres Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from January 30th until April 5th, 2020. As the results, the BMI > 35 (p = 0.0003), lung cancer (p = 0.007), chronic kidney disease (p = 0.002), Immunocompromised condition (p = 0.003), and diabetes (p = 0.018) were more frequently observed in the expired group. The history of statins use was more common in the discharged group (p = 0.002), while there was no significant difference in the drug history of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin, and/or steroids, and in the past-year influenza vaccination. Multivariable regression demonstrated rising odds of in-hospital death related with age (odds ratio (OR) = 1.055, p = 0.002), levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) (OR = 2.915, p < 0.001), creatinine (OR = 1.740, p = 0.023), lymphocyte count (OR = 0.999, p = 0.008), and magnesium level (OR = 0.032, p < 0.001) on admission. In conclusion, the patients with older age and higher BMI with lymphopenia, hypomagnesemia, elevated CRP and/or raised creatinine on admission are at higher risk of mortality due to the COVID-19 infection, which requires the physicians to use timely and strong therapeutic measures for such patients.
著者
Atsushi Mizuno Takuya Kishi Chisa Matsumoto Mari Ishida Shoji Sanada Memori Fukuda Yuki Sahashi Tadafumi Sugimoto Miki Hirano Yusuke Yoshikawa Erika Yamamoto Takeshi Kimura Koichi Node
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-20-0093, (Released:2020-09-25)
参考文献数
10

Background:Twitter has become increasingly popular at annual medical congresses as a platform to communicate to attendees. The aim of this study is to reveal the twitter usage in the annual congress of the Japanese Cirsulation Society.Methods and Results:We compared the total number of tweets during the Japanese Circulation Society’s annual meetings in 2019 and 2020. The total number of tweets increased from 7,587 in 2019 to 23,867 in 2020. Most tweets were retweets (>70%), and approximately half of Twitter users tweeted only once.Conclusions:Twitter usage during the Japanese Circulation Society’s annual meeting increased from 2019 to 2020, and a large number of tweets were from Twitter ambassadors of the Japanese Circulation Society. However, further evaluation is needed, with future studies investigating the usefulness of this platform.
著者
森田 英明 大矢 幸弘
出版者
国立研究開発法人国立成育医療研究センター
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2020-04-01

疫学研究から衛生的な環境になったことがアレルギー疾患数の増加に繋がっている可能性が示唆されているが、そのメカニズムは不明な点が多い。衛生的な環境を作り出す契機一つとして合成洗剤の一般家庭への普及が挙げられるが、興味深いことに、アレルギー疾患の有病率の増加はこの合成洗剤が爆発的に普及した時期と一致している。そこで本研究では、環境塵中に界面活性剤が高濃度に存在する場所の特定、アレルギー性炎症惹起につながる界面活性剤の種類の同定、コホート研究を用いた環境塵中の界面活性剤の濃度とアレルギー疾患発症の関連性の検証を通じて、環境塵中の界面活性剤のアレルギー疾患発症への関与の詳細を明らかにすることを目指す。

10 10 10 10 OA 廻国雑記

著者
大月隆 著
出版者
文学同志会
巻号頁・発行日
1899
著者
Nasser Malekpour Alamdari Siamak Afaghi Fatemeh Sadat Rahimi Farzad Esmaeili Tarki Sasan Tavana Alireza Zali Mohammad Fathi Sara Besharat Leyla Bagheri Fatemeh Pourmotahari Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani Ali Dabbagh Seyed Ali Mousavi
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.252, no.1, pp.73-84, 2020 (Released:2020-09-09)
参考文献数
49

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has killed many people worldwide since December 2019, and Iran has been among the most affected countries. In this retrospective study, we aimed to determine the prognostic factors associated with mortality in COVID-19 patients by analyzing 396 survived and 63 non-survived patients in Shahid Modarres Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from January 30th until April 5th, 2020. As the results, the BMI > 35 (p = 0.0003), lung cancer (p = 0.007), chronic kidney disease (p = 0.002), Immunocompromised condition (p = 0.003), and diabetes (p = 0.018) were more frequently observed in the expired group. The history of statins use was more common in the discharged group (p = 0.002), while there was no significant difference in the drug history of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin, and/or steroids, and in the past-year influenza vaccination. Multivariable regression demonstrated rising odds of in-hospital death related with age (odds ratio (OR) = 1.055, p = 0.002), levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) (OR = 2.915, p < 0.001), creatinine (OR = 1.740, p = 0.023), lymphocyte count (OR = 0.999, p = 0.008), and magnesium level (OR = 0.032, p < 0.001) on admission. In conclusion, the patients with older age and higher BMI with lymphopenia, hypomagnesemia, elevated CRP and/or raised creatinine on admission are at higher risk of mortality due to the COVID-19 infection, which requires the physicians to use timely and strong therapeutic measures for such patients.
著者
尾関 航也
出版者
政策研究大学院大学 / National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
巻号頁・発行日
2015-03-18

政策プロフェッショナルプログラム / Policy Professionals Program
著者
加藤 博章
出版者
人間環境学研究会
雑誌
人間環境学研究 (ISSN:13485253)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.1, pp.37-44, 2015 (Released:2015-06-30)

At the August 2 1990, the Gulf crisis broke out. The United States was seeking the cooperation of the SDF dispatch and funding cooperation in Japan. The Government of Japan was refused dispatch of Self-Defense Forces from the context of Article 9 and accepted other support including financial supports. However, the US Congress and the US media criticized reluctant the correspondence of the Japanese government. Japanese government considered personnel support without using Self-Defense Forces, but Japanese government could not be realized. As a result, Japanese response after the Gulf crisis is described as "Gulf trauma". The main factors that led to this situation was in Japan's political situation at the time. At the time, Liberal Democratic Party was not a majority in the House of Councilors. Therefore, Japanese government needed to assistance by opposition party like Socialist party or Komeito. However, the opposition was reluctant to support to the multinational force. Japanese government was difficult to appeal actively support measures at home and abroad by paying mind for opposition party. In addition, there was also bad timing such as to announce support measures after the additional burden resolution voting against Japan in the US Congress, Japan for the Gulf crisis from the United States Congress and the media, are able to receive it and are taking a passive response, it is they've decided that criticism.
著者
松永 是 中村 徳幸
出版者
Japan Oil Chemists' Society
雑誌
油化学 (ISSN:18842003)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.10, pp.814-820, 1995-10-20 (Released:2009-10-16)
参考文献数
26

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and icosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are valuable nutrients because they have important roles as the constituents of structural lipids in the nervous tissues of human brain and retina. In addition, DHA, EPA and other omega-3 fatty acids are important factors in the prevention of several human diseases. Fishes have been the dietary source of these fatty acids and they originate from the marine microbes upon which the fishes feed. Therefore, these marine microbes cultured under control could be utilized as alternative source of the omega-3 fatty acids.Marine microalgae are rich in DHA and EPA. However, very few species of freshwater algae contain significant amounts of these compounds. The marine unicellular alga Isochrysis galbana is well known as a source of such fatty acids and this species has been used extensively as a food source for aquaculture. The advantage of the marine microalgae such as I. galbana over other microbes as sources of polyunsaturated fatty acid is that this alga may be grown photosynthetically using carbon dioxide as the sole carbon source and seawater as a source of minerals.In this paper, we focused on the production of marine microalgae as an alternative source of polyunsaturated fatty acid. We have screened a number of species of marine microalga specifically for their ability to produce DHA and EPA and have optimized the growth conditions for I. galbana. The utilization of microalgae as feed for cultivation of rotifers is also reported. Moreover, the applications of genetic engineering for EPA production are also demonstrated.
著者
松阪 崇久
出版者
日本笑い学会
雑誌
笑い学研究 (ISSN:21894132)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.90-106, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)

動物ショーやテレビ番組に出演するチンパンジー・パンくんの映像作品を用いて、パンくんの感情表出についての分析を行った。映像作品でのパンくんは、着衣で二足歩行を行うことが多く、自然なチンパンジーの姿とは大きく異なっていた。テレビ番組用の映像と動物ショーの本番の映像では、それ以外の動物園などでの映像と比べて、チンパンジー本来の姿とのズレが大きく、感情表出に関しては、ポジティブな笑顔や笑いの表出よりも、恐怖・不安・不満といったネガティブな表出が多い傾向があった。とくにテレビ番組では、パンくんに試練を課し、不安やストレスを与えるシーンもしばしば見られた。このようなパンくん自身の感情表出以外に、テロップ、ナレーションや、チンパンジーの音声の追加によって、パンくんの感情を演出または改変する場面もあった。以上の結果を元に、ショーやテレビにチンパンジーが出演することの問題点について議論した。また、動物の福祉を考える上で、笑いや遊びに注目する意義について考察した。
著者
渡辺 和子
出版者
リトン
雑誌
死生学年報
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, pp.5-28, 2020-03-31

The ‘Standard Version’ of The Epic of Gilgamesh, which is conjectured to have been established in the 11 century BC in Ancient Mesopotamia, originally consisted of eleven tablets, not twelve. It was well known in Mesopotamia that when a story was written on a set of tablets, the end of each tablet would have had a ‘catch-line’ identical to the first line of the next tablet. We can find these ‘catch-lines’ on each tablet of this epic showing us which tablet should follow.It is easy to interpret the epic as the unsuccessful journey of Gilgamesh, as M. Eliade did in his book: Histoire des croyances et des idées religieuses 1, 1976, 92. However, the ‘Standard Version’ of the epic was, in the present author’s view, a unique literary piece in which the editor seems to have concealed a number of devices, tricks, and riddles. The first step in solving the riddles seems to be to recognize the six lines at the end of the 11th tablet as ‘catch-lines’, which become a clue to decoding the message indicating that one should back to the same wording on the 1st tablet, in the preface written by the editor. This means that one must read the story repeatedly, always going back to the beginning, in order to identify and solve the riddles step by step in a continual reading of the whole work.The epic was probably a special piece that functioned primarily as a text book for the long-term training of the āšipu, the Mesopotamian shaman, and his professional circle of colleagues and candidates for āšipu, such as scribes, diviners, and physicians. Secondly, the epic which has been beloved by many as a popular work until our time, would have been helpful in the individuation process of human beings, as Rivkah Schärf Kluger has argued: “In the hero myth in particular, there is one character, the hero, who is the actor in a continuous sequence of events. The hero can, therefore, be consid28 ered as the anticipation of a development of ego-consciousness, and what he goes through in the myth as an indication of the process of moving toward the wholeness which is implicit and innate in the psyche; in the individual, the individuation process” (R. S. Kluger, The Archetypal Significance of Gilgamesh: A Modern Ancient Hero, 1991, 17).

46 46 46 46 OA 関ケ原

著者
直木三十五 著
出版者
春陽堂
巻号頁・発行日
1932
著者
Nasser Malekpour Alamdari Siamak Afaghi Fatemeh Sadat Rahimi Farzad Esmaeili Tarki Sasan Tavana Alireza Zali Mohammad Fathi Sara Besharat Leyla Bagheri Fatemeh Pourmotahari Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani Ali Dabbagh Seyed Ali Mousavi
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.252, no.1, pp.73-84, 2020 (Released:2020-09-09)
参考文献数
49

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has killed many people worldwide since December 2019, and Iran has been among the most affected countries. In this retrospective study, we aimed to determine the prognostic factors associated with mortality in COVID-19 patients by analyzing 396 survived and 63 non-survived patients in Shahid Modarres Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from January 30th until April 5th, 2020. As the results, the BMI > 35 (p = 0.0003), lung cancer (p = 0.007), chronic kidney disease (p = 0.002), Immunocompromised condition (p = 0.003), and diabetes (p = 0.018) were more frequently observed in the expired group. The history of statins use was more common in the discharged group (p = 0.002), while there was no significant difference in the drug history of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin, and/or steroids, and in the past-year influenza vaccination. Multivariable regression demonstrated rising odds of in-hospital death related with age (odds ratio (OR) = 1.055, p = 0.002), levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) (OR = 2.915, p < 0.001), creatinine (OR = 1.740, p = 0.023), lymphocyte count (OR = 0.999, p = 0.008), and magnesium level (OR = 0.032, p < 0.001) on admission. In conclusion, the patients with older age and higher BMI with lymphopenia, hypomagnesemia, elevated CRP and/or raised creatinine on admission are at higher risk of mortality due to the COVID-19 infection, which requires the physicians to use timely and strong therapeutic measures for such patients.
著者
安藤 元夫 寺川 政司 幸田 稔
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.513, pp.235-244, 1998-11-30 (Released:2017-02-02)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
2 2

The SHIMODERA-NITTO Improved Dwellings were built by a slum clearance program before World War II. They are the only buildings that still remain. The object of this study is first to place these dwellings as the historically important program in urban planning, and second to analyze the drastic changing of living space by extension, called "DASHIYA". This study made it clear that this dwellings were a model of housing policy in Osaka before the War, and that under the special restriction dwellers extended house for the purpose of improving the small house to adapt to changing of life style.
著者
副島 隆
出版者
Japanese Society for Oral Health
雑誌
口腔衛生学会雑誌 (ISSN:00232831)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.3, pp.342-353, 1994-07-30 (Released:2010-10-27)
参考文献数
43
被引用文献数
2

う蝕予防のためのフッ化物の応用に際して使用すべき適正量の検討には, あらかじめ通常の生活の中でのフッ素摂取量を把握しておくことは意義がある。本研究では, 福岡市で日常的に入手できる14食品類の65食品目を測定の対象とした。食品試料中のフッ素含有量は, 前処理に乾式灰化法と微量拡散法, 測定法をイオン電極法でそれぞれ8回の繰り返し測定を行った。その結果, 測定値の範囲は, 穀類0.19~6.04μg/g, 種実類0.13μg/g, 芋類0.01~0.02μg/g, 豆類0.42~41.75μg/g, 果実類n. d. ~0.02μg/g, 野菜類n. d. ~0.94μg/g, 茸類0.01~0.75μg/g, 海草類0.06~0.58μg/g, 飲料類0.17~2.99μg/g, 魚介類n. d. ~2.87μg/g, 肉類0.04~0.21μg/g, 卵類n. d., 乳類0.35~1.52μg/gであった。これらの結果を基にして, 平成3年度の国民栄養調査にある食品群別摂取量を利用して成人1日あたりの食品からのフッ素摂取量を推定したところ, 全国平均は1.44mgおよび北九州ブロックは1.42mgであった。
著者
橋本洋子
出版者
法務省
雑誌
法務総合研究所研究部報告
巻号頁・発行日
no.55, 2016-03
著者
ヨンテル トーマス
出版者
GRIPS Policy Research Center
雑誌
GRIPS Discussion Papers
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20-05, 2020-07

本稿のねらいは第一に、スウェーデンがなぜ、核兵器開発計画を始動させ、莫大な投資を何年も続けたのちに同計画を棚上げしたかを説明することである 。二つ目の、より重要なねらいは、核開発逆転を決める過程で、スウェーデン政府が、核拡散を防止する国際的な法的枠組みを作り出すことに、いかに多くの政治的エネルギーを注いだかを概説することである。スウェーデンは、1950 年代には核開発計画を持っていた。それは、核兵器開発と、原子力発電の双方の目標を、追求しようとするものであった。しかし、1960 年代終盤になると、核兵器の持つ意味が、全く変わってしまい、その結果としてスウェーデンの外交目標も、大きく転換することになった。1970 年までにスウェーデンがNPT を署名、批准したことは、理論上も実際上も、安全保障の概念が大きく変化し、核兵器が防衛と抑止の手段として見られていた状況から、国際安全保障とスウェーデンの国家としての生存への脅威として認識される状態に変化したことを示していた。The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first aim is to explain why Sweden embarked on a nuclear weapon program and why it was shelved after many years of heavy investments. The second, and even more important, aim is to outline the nuclear reversal process in which the Swedish government invested much political will into creating an international legal framework for preventing the spread of nuclear weapons. In the 1950s, Sweden had a national nuclear weapons development program. This program aimed to combine the double objectives of nuclear weapons acquirement and civilian nuclear power production. But by late 1960s, the meaning of the nuclear weapons had changed drastically, and the foreign policy objectives of Sweden changed accordingly. The signing and later the ratification of the NPT in 1970 by the Swedish government meant both in theory and practice that the concept of security had undergone a significant change, from a situation where nuclear weapons where seen as tools for protection and deterrence to circumstances that considered them as threats to international security and Sweden’s own survival as a nation.
著者
赤石 仁 中野 光臣
雑誌
研究報告知能システム(ICS) (ISSN:2188885X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2018-ICS-191, no.9, pp.1-4, 2018-03-19

利他的行動を生み出す機構の一つとして間接互恵性が知られている.この間接互恵性のゲーム理論的モデルとして,ドネーションゲームが広く用いられてきた.本研究では,性別が間接互恵性へ与える影響を,実際の人間によって行われるドネーションゲームを用いて検討する.実験では,まず,学生男女 10 名で実際にゲームを行い,その結果から,間接互恵性における性別による判断の偏りを推定する.その結果,男性から女性に対して利他的行動が行われる基準は低く,逆に女性から男性に対しての基準は高くなる傾向が示された.
著者
尾崎 嘉彦 野村 将寛 大西 正輝
出版者
The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers
雑誌
電子情報通信学会論文誌 D (ISSN:18804535)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.J103-D, no.9, pp.615-631, 2020-09-01

ハイパパラメータ最適化は,機械学習モデルのチューニングを自動化するための実用的な技術である.本論文は,ハイパパラメータ最適化に関心のある周辺分野の研究者及び,それを実務に活用しようとするエンジニアに向けた,ハイパパラメータ最適化手法の実用に焦点を当てたサーベイである.本サーベイの目的は,ハイパパラメータ最適化手法を概説し,各手法のもつ特徴や適切な使い分けについて整理し,見通しの良い形で読者に知識を共有することである.本サーベイは,序章と終章を除いて四つの節から構成される.まずはじめに,2. においてハイパパラメータ最適化の基礎知識について解説する.その後,3. でハイパパラメータ最適化において標準的であるブラックボックス最適化,4. で近年のトレンドであるグレーボックス最適化について順に解説する.最後に,5. では逐次評価回数の上限値,並列計算リソース,ハイパパラメータの種類の観点から,状況ごとに個別に議論を行い,適切な最適化手法選択のガイドラインを与える.
雑誌
C.0.E.オーラル・政策研究プロジェクト
巻号頁・発行日
2004-10

インタビュー対象者 : 夏目 晴雄 (ナツメ ハルオ)
著者
和田 一範
出版者
一般社団法人 日本治山治水協会
雑誌
水利科学 (ISSN:00394858)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.4, pp.100-120, 2018-10-01 (Released:2020-01-01)
参考文献数
13

防災の基本は,自助・共助・公助である。自助・共助・公助を語るにあたっては,自助・共助と,公助との連携を考えることが重要である。 自助・共助は,災害に際して,単に避難をするだけではない。また,これを支援する公助も,単に公的な支援の拡充という視点で展開するのではなく,自助・共助側からの発信を受けて,これに応える形で施策を展開してゆく,真の協働のパートナーとしてとらえてゆくことが重要である。 自助・共助側からの自主的な取り組みにこそ,大きな意味と効果がある。公助の推進にあたっては,自助・共助から発信する必要性に基づく,公的な支援,公助の展開をシステム化する。 自助・共助と,公助との連携を社会システム化し,継承してゆくことが重要である。 上杉鷹山の三助,武田信玄の竜王河原宿,信玄堤の神輿練り御幸祭と三社御幸の故事から,これらの教訓をひもとき,つないでゆくことの重要性を再認識する。
著者
高田 知紀 梅津 喜美夫 桑子 敏雄
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集F6(安全問題) (ISSN:21856621)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.I_167-I_174, 2012 (Released:2013-01-30)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
1 1 5

東日本大震災では,多くの神社が津波被害を免れたことが指摘されている.本研究では,日本の神社に祀られる祭神の多様性は,人びとの関心に応じた差異化の結果であるという仮説から,宮城県沿岸部の神社についてその祭神と空間的配置に着目しながら被害調査を行った.祭神については特に,ヤマタノオロチ退治で知られるスサノオノミコトに着目した.スサノオは無病息災の神として祀られることから,洪水や津波といった自然災害時にも大きな役割を果たすと考えられる.また,地域の治水上の要所に鎮座していることが多い.東北での調査から,スサノオを祀った神社,またスサノオがルーツであると考えられる熊野神社は,そのほとんどが津波被害を免れていることを明らかにした.この結果は,地域の歴史や文化をふまえたリスク・マネジメントのあり方について重要な知見を提供する.
著者
嵩原 広宙 田中 秀樹 岩城 達也
出版者
Japan Society of Kansei Engineering
雑誌
日本感性工学会論文誌 (ISSN:18840833)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.TJSKE-D-17-00030, (Released:2018-02-09)
参考文献数
22

Emotional state before sleep affects the subsequent sleep onset. The purpose of this study was to investigate how positive/negative emotion before sleep effected hypnagogic state. The movies eliciting positive or negative emotion were presented before sleep. Hypnagogic imagery was recorded as a probe of emotional experience and EEG microstate analysis was used for finding the emotion related EEG activities. The score of emotion ratings for hypnagogic imagery indicated that positive emotion was reported in not only positive condition but also in negative condition. This implied that hypnagogic state might be accompanied by positive emotion. Comparing the appearance of maps obtained from microstate analysis between conditions, the map of right temporal activity was significantly greater in positive condition while the map of the left frontal activity was greater negative condition. These results suggested that the emotion not just in presleep but also in hypnagogic state was involved in sleep onset process.
著者
武田 宗和 名取 恵子 諸井 隆一 原田 知幸 矢口 有乃 稲垣 伸洋
出版者
日本腹部救急医学会
雑誌
日本腹部救急医学会雑誌 (ISSN:13402242)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.4, pp.735-739, 2013-05-31 (Released:2013-07-26)
参考文献数
10

要旨:【症例】37歳飲酒歴のない女性。意識障害で発見され救急搬送,既往は躁鬱病と境界型人格障害。来院時ショック状態で下血を認め,緊急下部内視鏡検査で直腸から左側結腸まで全周性・連続性の発赤とびらんを認めた。翌日,薄めたウオッカ約1L(推定アルコール濃度49%)を自ら注腸したことが判明,虚血性腸炎に準じ保存的治療を選択。8病日の内視鏡検査では直腸からS状結腸までは粘膜の修復が認められ保存的治療を継続した。4週間後,下行結腸の高度な腸管狭窄を合併したため,本人との話し合いの結果,横行結腸に人工肛門を造設することとなった。【考察】過去の報告では,アルコール注入による直腸結腸炎は保存的治療で治癒することが多いとされる。本例は高濃度のアルコールが大量に注入され広範囲に腸管が傷害された上にショック状態に陥り,腸管虚血をきたしその治癒過程で腸管狭窄を合併したものと推察された。本例における治療方針に関する問題点をふまえ文献的考察を加え報告する。
著者
近江 龍一 西原 陽子 山西 良典
出版者
人工知能学会
雑誌
人工知能学会全国大会論文集 (ISSN:13479881)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, 2017

Web上に投稿される情報の中には青少年にとって有害な情報,特に猥褻な意味を持つ言葉は直接記述されず暗喩により表現されることが多い.本研究の目的は暗喩を用いて表現されている有害な文に対してフィルタリングを行うことである.提案手法では有害表現が含まれる文をドメインごとに機械学習し有害表現の分類器を作り,有害表現をフィルタリングする.提案手法の有用性を評価する実験をR-18指定の小説を使い行った.
著者
酒向 貴子 川田 伸一郎 手塚 牧人 上杉 哲郎 明仁
出版者
国立科学博物館
雑誌
Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Series A Zoology (ISSN:18819052)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.63-75, 2008-06

The distribution of latrines of the raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides, was examined from July 2006 to December 2007 in the Imperial Palace grounds, Tokyo, Japan. The raccoon dog is accustomed to defecate at fixed locations, forming holding latrines; thus the distribution of latrines is a good indicator of their abundance. The results suggest that the latrines are widely scattered in the study site, but are more dense in the Fukiage area, where an old-growth broad-leaved forest is established. The latrine sites are used more frequently from September to December, as the number of fresh feces increased in the autumnal season. To examine the seasonal food changes of the raccoon dogs, 10 pieces of feces from some latrines were collected every month and analyzed the indigestible contents in the sampled feces. The food items identified consisted of animal, plant and man-made materials, suggesting that the raccoon dogs were highly omnivorous. The animal materials found from the feces included mammals (4% of total feces), birds (37%), reptiles (2%), amphibians (3%), insects (95%), chilopods (56%), isopods (2%) and gastropods (12%). Invertebrates were the most abundand food item throughout the year. Three coleopteran families, the Carabidae, Staphylinidae and Scarabaeidae, accounted for a large proportion of the insects and they showed seasonal fluctuations. These suggest that the raccoon dogs fed on them as major animal food resources in the study site, and perhaps the seasonality is related to the temporal changes of availability of the insects. The majority of plant materials found in the feces was a variety of seeds, suggesting that the raccoon dogs fed on berries and fleshy fruits throughout the year. The occurrence of seeds decreased from March to April, which coincided with a low availability of fruits. The seeds found in feces were categorized into three types : (1) the short-term berry type including Prunus (Cerasus) spp., Moms spp., Rubus hirsutus and Machilus thunbergii, which occurred only a short term after their fruiting periods ; (2) the long-term berry type, including Celtis sinensis, Aphananthe aspera and Swida controversa, which occurred continuously for three or more months after the fruiting periods ; (3) the acorn type, including Castanopsis spp., Quercus spp. and Ginkgo biloba, which occurred in early spring (January to April) when the other fruits are scarce. The seasonal change of the three fruit types implies that the raccoon dogs consume the available fruits in relation to the successive fruiting periods. The proportion of artificial materials found in the feces was considerably lower than in previous studies carried out in the suburbs of Tokyo, suggesting that the raccoon dogs in the study site strongly depend on natural foods. Most of the natural food items were native to Japan since the past Edo period. Thus we conclude that the preservation of biodiversity in the Imperial Palace grounds was essential for the re-colonization by the raccoon dogs of the Tokyo metropolitan area after the 1970s.
著者
松阪 崇久
出版者
日本笑い学会
雑誌
笑い学研究 (ISSN:21894132)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.90-106, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)

動物ショーやテレビ番組に出演するチンパンジー・パンくんの映像作品を用いて、パンくんの感情表出についての分析を行った。映像作品でのパンくんは、着衣で二足歩行を行うことが多く、自然なチンパンジーの姿とは大きく異なっていた。テレビ番組用の映像と動物ショーの本番の映像では、それ以外の動物園などでの映像と比べて、チンパンジー本来の姿とのズレが大きく、感情表出に関しては、ポジティブな笑顔や笑いの表出よりも、恐怖・不安・不満といったネガティブな表出が多い傾向があった。とくにテレビ番組では、パンくんに試練を課し、不安やストレスを与えるシーンもしばしば見られた。このようなパンくん自身の感情表出以外に、テロップ、ナレーションや、チンパンジーの音声の追加によって、パンくんの感情を演出または改変する場面もあった。以上の結果を元に、ショーやテレビにチンパンジーが出演することの問題点について議論した。また、動物の福祉を考える上で、笑いや遊びに注目する意義について考察した。
著者
板屋 民子 飯島 正雄 斉藤 貢一 正木 宏幸 青木 敦子 斎藤 章暢 安藤 佳代子 徳丸 雅一 坂東 正明
出版者
Japanese Society of Food Microbiology
雑誌
食品と微生物 (ISSN:09108637)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.4, pp.203-212, 1992-03-20 (Released:2010-07-12)
参考文献数
10

A large number of Photobacterium phosphoreum (6-7 log/g) was isolated from “tamagoyaki” (a kind of nigirisushi; Japanese food) that had been lumineferous in the dark. The isolates were smeared on the surfaces of sliced “tamagoyakis”. After the incubation at 10°C for 48 hr or at 25°C for 24 hr, the surfaces became luminous. It was indicated that this abnormality of “tamagoyaki” was caused by contamination with and multiplication by P. phosphoreum.On the surface of “tamagoyaki”, the bacteria in an early growth phase in such a small number as 4 log/g luminesced. Furthermore, the luminescence was observed when pieces of squid, boiled prawn or “yakichikuwa” (a kind of food made of fishes) with the bacteria were incubated, but not observed on pickled Japanese gizzard shad. Nevertheless the the bacteria grew on the surface of tuna, but no luminescence was observed on it.The bacteria produced a small amount of histamine on squid and tuna (less than 250μg/g), and their ability to putrefy food seemed to be low.The opitmum concentration of sodium chloride for growth of the bacteria in a medium was 3%, but they grew in food containing sodium chloride less than 0.5%. When sodium chloride in the medium was replaced by potassium chloride, calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, ammonium chloride or sodium phosphate, the bacteria were still able to grow but unable to grow when replaced by potassium phosphate or sucrose. The bacteria metabolized arginine by arginine decarboxylase but not by arginine dehydrolase.
著者
多和田 友美 伊香賀 俊治 村上 周三 内田 匠子 上田 悠
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.648, pp.213-219, 2010-02-28 (Released:2010-06-07)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
6 5

Various researches highlight that indoor air quality affects performance of workers in offices. Although good indoor air quality improves work performance, it also increases energy consumption. In this study, we achieved a field survey in a real office in order to investigate the relationship between thermal environment, productivity, and energy consumption. In addition to the monitoring of indoor environmental quality and energy consumption, subjective experiments were conducted. In order to evaluate subjective performance, workers and students responded to questionnaires, and to evaluate objective performance, students simulated three types of office works. By calculating room temperature and worker's subjective performance, we demonstrate the correlation between room temperature and worker's performance (R2=0.22, p

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