文献ランキング(各10件)

著者
松本 敬司 中井 隆亮 福岡 捷二 須見 徹太郎
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集B1(水工学) (ISSN:2185467X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.4, pp.I_1477-I_1482, 2014 (Released:2015-05-18)
参考文献数
11

The Watarase retarding basin which is located in the lower Watarase River has an important role on the flood control in the Tone River. The design flood discharge of a period of about 30 years hereafter in the Tone River is 14,000m3/s at the Kurihashi of the Tone River.In this paper, the flood control functions of the Watarase retarding basin are investigated by the flood flow analysis when the peak flood discharge under various discharge hydrographs is about 14,000m3/s at the Kurihashi in the Tone River. It is shown from the calculation that the Watarase retarding basin reduces peak flood discharge and delays the peak occurrence time at the Kurihashi by storing flood discharge flowing back to the Watarase River from the Tone River. Furthermore, some remarks are given for the enhancement of flood control functions of the Watarase retarding basin.

61 61 61 29 OA 古紙処理と薬品

著者
平岡 誠
出版者
JAPAN TECHNICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY
雑誌
紙パ技協誌 (ISSN:0022815X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.3, pp.297-304, 1989-03-01 (Released:2009-11-16)
参考文献数
11
著者
松本 敬司 福岡 捷二 須見 徹太郎
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集B1(水工学) (ISSN:2185467X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.4, pp.I_793-I_798, 2013 (Released:2014-03-31)
参考文献数
9

The Tanaka, Sugo, Inadoi retarding basins which are located along the Tone River have an important role on flood control in the lower Tone river. The lower Tone River has some flood control problems such as flood discharge capacity of the river. In this paper, we developed the unsteady two-dimensional analysis of flood flows using the time series data of observed water surface profiles in the Tone River including the three retarding basins. The calculation model provides a good explanation for flood storage volume in the three retarding basins of 2001 and 2007 floods. Some remarks are given to calculate correct hydrographs of flood storage volume in retarding basins.
著者
吉田 暁
出版者
経済理論学会
雑誌
季刊経済理論 (ISSN:18825184)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.15-25, 2008-07-20 (Released:2017-04-25)

I have advocated the endogeneity of money supply following the views of M. Nishikawa and J. Itakura as well as those of N. Kalldor and B. J. Moor. As Moor appropriately wrote, "Currently the standard paradigm, especially in the United States, treats the central bank as determining the money base and thence the money stock. / Modern monetary theory has inherited an approach to money that was more appropriate in a world where money was a commodity, usually gold or silver, without fully recognizing the fundamental differences between commodity and credit money." These views, however, have not been widely accepted, especially among Japanese Marxian economists. Some of them have criticized the endogenous money supply theory. This article is a counter-criticism of some most criticizing arguments, mainly those of professor H. Noda and professor T. Itoh Marxian economists quite often express their views based on what Marx said, especially in "The Capital". Marx introduced capitalistic money through the logical developments of the value form, and said that gold would become the main material of money due to its physical characteristics. Then, it is not strange that their views on credit money are based on gold. They have regarded that the gold convertibility is the essence of credit money. They do not attach greater importance to the causes of issuance or withdrawal of credit money, that is, the connection between the supply of credit and the supply of money. In the modern world gold as money does not exist. But they tacitly regard fiat money as a replacement of gold, in other word, exogenous money. Another point I stressed in this article is that those who are severely critical to the endogenous money supply theory misunderstand Marx's logical way of writing. In "The Capital" vol. 1 and 2, there are no credit systems, no credit money. There is only commodity money (gold) introduced at the money theory (vol. 1). At the reproduction charts (vol. 2), his premise is each capitalist has a certain amount of money which is needed for the purchase of materials and the payment of wages etc. Credit system and credit money are the problems of vol. 3, and unfortunately Marx could not complete the credit theory. But some of those who criticize the endogenous money supply theory quote from vol. 1 or 2 where, actually, only commodity money (gold) exists. I also stressed that Phillips-type credit creation theory (multiplier theory)is not valid, especially in the world of credit money. Revival of Macleod or Hahn=Schumpeter type theory is very important. Today's monetary policies of major central banks are not money supply control, but money market interest rates control that affects the public demand of funds. The starting points of the credit creation are loans of banks to firms and household by crediting to their deposit accounts. At this point banks do not need surplus money. Monies are created by the action of banks, that is Macleod-type credit creation. When the cash demand increases, central banks should accommodate. If a central bank worries about the level of the economic expansion and the increase of prices, it can affect demand of funds and then affect prices by interest rates control policy. Today's monetary policies of major central banks are money market interest rates control. Lastly, I stressed the importance of the independence of central banks. Some people might question that the central bank independence is against the democratic procedures of policy determination. But, in my opinion, there is a big difference between the monetary policy and other policies of the governments. While monetary policies are executed through financial transactions in the market, other governmental policies are executed as an exercise of administrative powers.
著者
岡本 健

『ゾンビ学』(人文書院)の付録として、株式会社人文書院のウェブページで発表された論考。先行研究や資料のリサーチ方法を解説したもの。
著者
木村 充 舘野 泰一 松井 彩子 中原 淳
出版者
日本教育工学会
雑誌
日本教育工学会論文誌 (ISSN:13498290)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.2, pp.105-115, 2019-09-30 (Released:2019-09-30)
参考文献数
46

本研究は,大学の経験学習型リーダーシップ教育における学生のリーダーシップ行動尺度を開発し,尺度の信頼性・妥当性を検討することを目的とする.経験学習型リーダーシップ教育とは,経験学習を理論的基盤として行われるリーダーシップ教育のことを指す.先行研究や予備調査に基づいて54の項目案を作成し,リーダーシップ教育を国内で大規模に実施しているA 大学の学生156名(Time1)および110名(Time2)を対象に調査を実施した.因子分析の結果,リーダーシップ行動は,「率先垂範」「挑戦」「目標共有」「目標管理」「成果志向支援」「対人志向支援」の6因子によって構成された.さらに,項目を精選し,30項目からなる尺度を作成した.開発した尺度の信頼性及び妥当性の検討を行った結果,概ね良好な値が得られた.
著者
和田 一範 岡安 徹也 市山 誠 浜口 憲一郎
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, pp.141-150, 2005-05-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
12

The Shingen Embankment built about 450 years ago by Takeda Shingen on the Fuji River and the Kamanashi River was designed to control flood flows in the Midai River (tributary) and the Kamanashi River by means of a series of flood control structures including Ishitsumidashi (stone masonry groins), Shougi-gashira (Japanese chess piece-shaped flow splitters), Hokkiri (dug channel), Juroku-ishi (sixteen large rocks used as energy dissipation works), Takaiwa (natural rock wall) and Kasumi-tei (discontinuous levees). The functions of these flood control structures have been subject to various interpretations, and some of those structures and their functions, such as the functions of a number of Shougi-gashira flow splitters and details on Juroku-ishi, which can only be guessed at today, are mysterious in many ways. This paper introduces an attempt at verifying the flow control technology made possible with these flood control structures by using a table-top hydraulic model developed with the aim of explaining the hydraulic phenomena involved.
著者
堀 まゆみ 小豆川 勝見 松尾 基之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本環境化学会
雑誌
環境化学 (ISSN:09172408)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.4, pp.129-135, 2017-12-18 (Released:2018-06-22)
参考文献数
31

High Cr(VI) contaminants have often been detected in groundwater and soils around chromium slag dumping site in Tokyo. The actual status of Cr(VI) seepage in Ojima-Komatsugawa Park was surveyed from January to December 2016, followed with examination of its causes. Firstly, quite heavily concentrated Cr(VI) was detected in seepage water from permeable pipe at the Wansaka Field in the Park. The 50 mm of total rainfall was found to be the trigger for Cr(VI) to leach and spread to the sidewalk. Secondly, Cr(VI) exceeding the standard value concentration flows out into the sewage at the catch basin in Komatsugawa area during rainfall. Leakage at the both points could not be directly related to groundwater level. Results indicated that rainfall causes seepage of Cr(VI), which results in the ongoing pollution in these areas. There had been some attempts to remediate the pollution by applying iron sulfate, however, the investigation revealed significance of further development for fundamental solution.
著者
松本 敬司 福岡 捷二 須見 徹太郎
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集B1(水工学) (ISSN:2185467X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.4, pp.I_793-I_798, 2013 (Released:2014-03-31)
参考文献数
9

The Tanaka, Sugo, Inadoi retarding basins which are located along the Tone River have an important role on flood control in the lower Tone river. The lower Tone River has some flood control problems such as flood discharge capacity of the river. In this paper, we developed the unsteady two-dimensional analysis of flood flows using the time series data of observed water surface profiles in the Tone River including the three retarding basins. The calculation model provides a good explanation for flood storage volume in the three retarding basins of 2001 and 2007 floods. Some remarks are given to calculate correct hydrographs of flood storage volume in retarding basins.
著者
鈴木 康策
出版者
公益社団法人 日本水産学会
雑誌
日本水産学会誌 (ISSN:00215392)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.7-8, pp.435-437, 1957-11-25 (Released:2008-02-29)
参考文献数
2

In obtaining skipjack having so little body oil as to be suitable for making good “Katsuobushi” thereof, we cannot still to-day but rely on the natural coming of such material. If we had, therefore, any proper means of removing excessive oil from the fish, we would be able to remove also the limitation arising from the seasonal overgrowth of skipjack oil. Carrying out a few experiments on a small scale, the author has ascertained that very satisfactory results can be achieved by applying an alternating current to the material interposed intimately between the electrodes kept in running water. The results are summarized as follows. 1. The higher the voltage, the less oil remains in the meat after the treatment by an electric device shown schematically in Fig. 2. 2. Ampere of the electric current is not of consequence for the effective removal of the body oil. The best range of available voltage is 170-200 V., while too high voltages cause the meat to crack. 3. Continuous refreshment of water surrounding the meat as shown in Fig. 2 is essential to avoiding large and fruitless consumption of electric energy.
著者
小野 雅章
出版者
一般社団法人 日本教育学会
雑誌
教育学研究 (ISSN:03873161)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.4, pp.330-338, 1990-12-30 (Released:2009-01-13)
参考文献数
69
著者
岡本 健

『ゾンビ学』(人文書院)の付録として、株式会社人文書院のウェブページで発表された論考。先行研究や資料のリサーチ方法を解説したもの。
著者
金森 信夫 大澤 祐一 渡辺 和眞
出版者
社団法人 農業農村工学会
雑誌
農業土木学会誌 (ISSN:03695123)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.8, pp.739-744,a1, 1993-08-01 (Released:2011-08-11)

山王海農業水利事業で建設を進めていた葛丸ダムは, 平成2年度に完成したことから, 使用開始後のダムの安全管理および施設の維持管理に問題が発生しないよう, 平成3年2月から本貯水に先立ち試験湛水を行った。試験湛水中の観測は, 漏水量・間隙水圧・堤体および基礎の変形・土圧・浸透圧と浸透流量・監査廊の挙動・地震計の挙動の項目を実施しており, これら各項目について貯水位との相関性を明らかにし, 貯水に伴うダム堤体挙動の確認を行った結果を取りまとめたものである。上記の観測結果は, 試験前の推定値よりも極めて少なく, 葛丸ダムは安全な状態であることが確認できた。
著者
和田 一範 岡安 徹也 市山 誠 浜口 憲一郎
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, pp.141-150, 2005-05-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
12

The Shingen Embankment built about 450 years ago by Takeda Shingen on the Fuji River and the Kamanashi River was designed to control flood flows in the Midai River (tributary) and the Kamanashi River by means of a series of flood control structures including Ishitsumidashi (stone masonry groins), Shougi-gashira (Japanese chess piece-shaped flow splitters), Hokkiri (dug channel), Juroku-ishi (sixteen large rocks used as energy dissipation works), Takaiwa (natural rock wall) and Kasumi-tei (discontinuous levees). The functions of these flood control structures have been subject to various interpretations, and some of those structures and their functions, such as the functions of a number of Shougi-gashira flow splitters and details on Juroku-ishi, which can only be guessed at today, are mysterious in many ways. This paper introduces an attempt at verifying the flow control technology made possible with these flood control structures by using a table-top hydraulic model developed with the aim of explaining the hydraulic phenomena involved.
著者
堀 まゆみ 小豆川 勝見 松尾 基之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本環境化学会
雑誌
環境化学 (ISSN:09172408)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.4, pp.129-135, 2017-12-18 (Released:2018-06-22)
参考文献数
31

High Cr(VI) contaminants have often been detected in groundwater and soils around chromium slag dumping site in Tokyo. The actual status of Cr(VI) seepage in Ojima-Komatsugawa Park was surveyed from January to December 2016, followed with examination of its causes. Firstly, quite heavily concentrated Cr(VI) was detected in seepage water from permeable pipe at the Wansaka Field in the Park. The 50 mm of total rainfall was found to be the trigger for Cr(VI) to leach and spread to the sidewalk. Secondly, Cr(VI) exceeding the standard value concentration flows out into the sewage at the catch basin in Komatsugawa area during rainfall. Leakage at the both points could not be directly related to groundwater level. Results indicated that rainfall causes seepage of Cr(VI), which results in the ongoing pollution in these areas. There had been some attempts to remediate the pollution by applying iron sulfate, however, the investigation revealed significance of further development for fundamental solution.
著者
松本 敬司 福岡 捷二 須見 徹太郎
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集B1(水工学) (ISSN:2185467X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.4, pp.I_793-I_798, 2013 (Released:2014-03-31)
参考文献数
9

The Tanaka, Sugo, Inadoi retarding basins which are located along the Tone River have an important role on flood control in the lower Tone river. The lower Tone River has some flood control problems such as flood discharge capacity of the river. In this paper, we developed the unsteady two-dimensional analysis of flood flows using the time series data of observed water surface profiles in the Tone River including the three retarding basins. The calculation model provides a good explanation for flood storage volume in the three retarding basins of 2001 and 2007 floods. Some remarks are given to calculate correct hydrographs of flood storage volume in retarding basins.
著者
鈴木 康策
出版者
公益社団法人 日本水産学会
雑誌
日本水産学会誌 (ISSN:00215392)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.7-8, pp.435-437, 1957-11-25 (Released:2008-02-29)
参考文献数
2

In obtaining skipjack having so little body oil as to be suitable for making good “Katsuobushi” thereof, we cannot still to-day but rely on the natural coming of such material. If we had, therefore, any proper means of removing excessive oil from the fish, we would be able to remove also the limitation arising from the seasonal overgrowth of skipjack oil. Carrying out a few experiments on a small scale, the author has ascertained that very satisfactory results can be achieved by applying an alternating current to the material interposed intimately between the electrodes kept in running water. The results are summarized as follows. 1. The higher the voltage, the less oil remains in the meat after the treatment by an electric device shown schematically in Fig. 2. 2. Ampere of the electric current is not of consequence for the effective removal of the body oil. The best range of available voltage is 170-200 V., while too high voltages cause the meat to crack. 3. Continuous refreshment of water surrounding the meat as shown in Fig. 2 is essential to avoiding large and fruitless consumption of electric energy.
著者
小野 雅章
出版者
一般社団法人 日本教育学会
雑誌
教育学研究 (ISSN:03873161)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.4, pp.330-338, 1990-12-30 (Released:2009-01-13)
参考文献数
69

187 187 0 0 OA Sippeitaró

著者
エスパダ 飜譯
出版者
T. Hasegawa
巻号頁・発行日
1914
著者
高田 知紀 梅津 喜美夫 桑子 敏雄
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集F6(安全問題) (ISSN:21856621)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.I_167-I_174, 2012 (Released:2013-01-30)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
1 5

東日本大震災では,多くの神社が津波被害を免れたことが指摘されている.本研究では,日本の神社に祀られる祭神の多様性は,人びとの関心に応じた差異化の結果であるという仮説から,宮城県沿岸部の神社についてその祭神と空間的配置に着目しながら被害調査を行った.祭神については特に,ヤマタノオロチ退治で知られるスサノオノミコトに着目した.スサノオは無病息災の神として祀られることから,洪水や津波といった自然災害時にも大きな役割を果たすと考えられる.また,地域の治水上の要所に鎮座していることが多い.東北での調査から,スサノオを祀った神社,またスサノオがルーツであると考えられる熊野神社は,そのほとんどが津波被害を免れていることを明らかにした.この結果は,地域の歴史や文化をふまえたリスク・マネジメントのあり方について重要な知見を提供する.
著者
嵩原 広宙 田中 秀樹 岩城 達也
出版者
Japan Society of Kansei Engineering
雑誌
日本感性工学会論文誌 (ISSN:18840833)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.TJSKE-D-17-00030, (Released:2018-02-09)
参考文献数
22

Emotional state before sleep affects the subsequent sleep onset. The purpose of this study was to investigate how positive/negative emotion before sleep effected hypnagogic state. The movies eliciting positive or negative emotion were presented before sleep. Hypnagogic imagery was recorded as a probe of emotional experience and EEG microstate analysis was used for finding the emotion related EEG activities. The score of emotion ratings for hypnagogic imagery indicated that positive emotion was reported in not only positive condition but also in negative condition. This implied that hypnagogic state might be accompanied by positive emotion. Comparing the appearance of maps obtained from microstate analysis between conditions, the map of right temporal activity was significantly greater in positive condition while the map of the left frontal activity was greater negative condition. These results suggested that the emotion not just in presleep but also in hypnagogic state was involved in sleep onset process.
著者
武田 宗和 名取 恵子 諸井 隆一 原田 知幸 矢口 有乃 稲垣 伸洋
出版者
日本腹部救急医学会
雑誌
日本腹部救急医学会雑誌 (ISSN:13402242)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.4, pp.735-739, 2013-05-31 (Released:2013-07-26)
参考文献数
10

要旨:【症例】37歳飲酒歴のない女性。意識障害で発見され救急搬送,既往は躁鬱病と境界型人格障害。来院時ショック状態で下血を認め,緊急下部内視鏡検査で直腸から左側結腸まで全周性・連続性の発赤とびらんを認めた。翌日,薄めたウオッカ約1L(推定アルコール濃度49%)を自ら注腸したことが判明,虚血性腸炎に準じ保存的治療を選択。8病日の内視鏡検査では直腸からS状結腸までは粘膜の修復が認められ保存的治療を継続した。4週間後,下行結腸の高度な腸管狭窄を合併したため,本人との話し合いの結果,横行結腸に人工肛門を造設することとなった。【考察】過去の報告では,アルコール注入による直腸結腸炎は保存的治療で治癒することが多いとされる。本例は高濃度のアルコールが大量に注入され広範囲に腸管が傷害された上にショック状態に陥り,腸管虚血をきたしその治癒過程で腸管狭窄を合併したものと推察された。本例における治療方針に関する問題点をふまえ文献的考察を加え報告する。
著者
近江 龍一 西原 陽子 山西 良典
出版者
人工知能学会
雑誌
人工知能学会全国大会論文集 (ISSN:13479881)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, 2017

Web上に投稿される情報の中には青少年にとって有害な情報,特に猥褻な意味を持つ言葉は直接記述されず暗喩により表現されることが多い.本研究の目的は暗喩を用いて表現されている有害な文に対してフィルタリングを行うことである.提案手法では有害表現が含まれる文をドメインごとに機械学習し有害表現の分類器を作り,有害表現をフィルタリングする.提案手法の有用性を評価する実験をR-18指定の小説を使い行った.
著者
酒向 貴子 川田 伸一郎 手塚 牧人 上杉 哲郎 明仁
出版者
国立科学博物館
雑誌
Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Series A Zoology (ISSN:18819052)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.63-75, 2008-06

The distribution of latrines of the raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides, was examined from July 2006 to December 2007 in the Imperial Palace grounds, Tokyo, Japan. The raccoon dog is accustomed to defecate at fixed locations, forming holding latrines; thus the distribution of latrines is a good indicator of their abundance. The results suggest that the latrines are widely scattered in the study site, but are more dense in the Fukiage area, where an old-growth broad-leaved forest is established. The latrine sites are used more frequently from September to December, as the number of fresh feces increased in the autumnal season. To examine the seasonal food changes of the raccoon dogs, 10 pieces of feces from some latrines were collected every month and analyzed the indigestible contents in the sampled feces. The food items identified consisted of animal, plant and man-made materials, suggesting that the raccoon dogs were highly omnivorous. The animal materials found from the feces included mammals (4% of total feces), birds (37%), reptiles (2%), amphibians (3%), insects (95%), chilopods (56%), isopods (2%) and gastropods (12%). Invertebrates were the most abundand food item throughout the year. Three coleopteran families, the Carabidae, Staphylinidae and Scarabaeidae, accounted for a large proportion of the insects and they showed seasonal fluctuations. These suggest that the raccoon dogs fed on them as major animal food resources in the study site, and perhaps the seasonality is related to the temporal changes of availability of the insects. The majority of plant materials found in the feces was a variety of seeds, suggesting that the raccoon dogs fed on berries and fleshy fruits throughout the year. The occurrence of seeds decreased from March to April, which coincided with a low availability of fruits. The seeds found in feces were categorized into three types : (1) the short-term berry type including Prunus (Cerasus) spp., Moms spp., Rubus hirsutus and Machilus thunbergii, which occurred only a short term after their fruiting periods ; (2) the long-term berry type, including Celtis sinensis, Aphananthe aspera and Swida controversa, which occurred continuously for three or more months after the fruiting periods ; (3) the acorn type, including Castanopsis spp., Quercus spp. and Ginkgo biloba, which occurred in early spring (January to April) when the other fruits are scarce. The seasonal change of the three fruit types implies that the raccoon dogs consume the available fruits in relation to the successive fruiting periods. The proportion of artificial materials found in the feces was considerably lower than in previous studies carried out in the suburbs of Tokyo, suggesting that the raccoon dogs in the study site strongly depend on natural foods. Most of the natural food items were native to Japan since the past Edo period. Thus we conclude that the preservation of biodiversity in the Imperial Palace grounds was essential for the re-colonization by the raccoon dogs of the Tokyo metropolitan area after the 1970s.
著者
多和田 友美 伊香賀 俊治 村上 周三 内田 匠子 上田 悠
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.648, pp.213-219, 2010-02-28 (Released:2010-06-07)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
5 5

Various researches highlight that indoor air quality affects performance of workers in offices. Although good indoor air quality improves work performance, it also increases energy consumption. In this study, we achieved a field survey in a real office in order to investigate the relationship between thermal environment, productivity, and energy consumption. In addition to the monitoring of indoor environmental quality and energy consumption, subjective experiments were conducted. In order to evaluate subjective performance, workers and students responded to questionnaires, and to evaluate objective performance, students simulated three types of office works. By calculating room temperature and worker's subjective performance, we demonstrate the correlation between room temperature and worker's performance (R2=0.22, p
著者
山口 二郎 中村 研一 宮脇 淳 宮本 太郎 遠藤 乾 新川 敏光
出版者
北海道大学
雑誌
学術創成研究費
巻号頁・発行日
2002

この研究では、1990年代後半から21世紀にかけて急速に進んだグローバル化による福祉国家の解体現象と、これに対する平等概念を基調とした対抗策について、考察した。まず、21世紀初頭に起こった日本的福祉国家の崩壊現象について、「リスクの社会化、個人化」と「普遍的政策、裁量的政策」という2つの軸を組み合わせることで、体系的な説明のモデルを作った。戦後日本では、補助金、護送船団方式など、裁量的政策によりリスクの社会化が図られており、そのことが結果的に疑似福祉国家的効果をもたらした。しかし、市場原理の浸透や透明性を求める市民社会の要求の中で裁量的政策と不可分に結びついていたリスクの社会化の政策まで否定され、新自由主義的構造改革が優勢となったと説明される。また、西欧において福祉国家のモデルが、90年代から21世紀にかけていかに変容、再生したかを比較の観点から考察し、日本に対する教訓を明らかにした。特に、イギリス、スウェーデンなどにおける社会的包摂(social inclusion)の概念を分析し、グローバル化時代における社会的排除(social exclusion)の弊害を明らかにすると共に、社会的包摂を実現するための政策の枠組みやこれを実施する主体について考察した。さらに、格差社会の到来という現状において、市民が政治や政策に何を期待するかについて、東京と北海道において大規模な意識調査を行なった。その結果、平等や公共サービスに関して、多少の地域差はあるものの、市民は格差の小さい社会を望み、充実した公共サービスを望んでいることが明らかとなった。この知見は、これからの福祉国家再生策の重要な基盤となる。

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