文献ランキング(各10件)

著者
笹倉 秀夫
出版者
早稲田大学法学会
雑誌
早稻田法學 (ISSN:03890546)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.93, no.4, pp.225-254, 2018-07-30
著者
馬渡 尚憲
出版者
経済理論学会
雑誌
季刊経済理論 (ISSN:18825184)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.1, pp.55-67, 2013-04-20 (Released:2017-04-25)

This paper proposes a set of two theories of wages induced from recent Japanese and American data. The first theory is that the demand and supply of labor will determine money wages, instead of real wages. To explain this money wage determination, this paper uses not only a labor demand curve of a representative firm, but also a labor supply curve of a representative household. The former is, not so differently from usual, reasoned from its profit maximization behavior: a firm will determine quantity of demand for labor so as to equalize the value of marginal product with the wage rate plus unit material cost. The latter is, as the worker's indifference preference between his real wage and leisure doesn't hold, deducted from the household's income earning behavior: a household will increase and determine the quantity of supply of employed labor so that its earned income would cover its cost of living. It replaces its useful and necessary unpaid domestic labor with external paid labor in order to earn money wages, which in turn causes additional living expenses as the domestic labor decreases. The supply curve of labor will be usually J-shaped while the demand curve is down-sloped. In the labor market, the equalization of demand for and supply of labor often involves 'the imperfect employment equilibrium', the equilibrium with involuntary unemployment. The second theory is that real wages are determined by three real-term factors: the labor productivity of consumers' goods industry, the household average propensity to consume, and the proportion of number of employees between producers' and consumers' goods industries. This proportion will vary mainly according to the rate of fixed capital investment. Therefore real wages will depend upon both of the two market equilibrium, those of labor market and consumers' goods. In order to demonstrate validity of these theories, besides briefly analyzing the recent Japanese labor market-its persistent trends of money wage decrease and high rate of unemployment, this paper applies the money wage theories to clarifying causes of wages differences among workers of different industries, among workers' various jobs and between male and female workers. Further it is shown that the real wage theory make it possible to explain endogenously the real wages level the existing doctrines of 'exploitation' presuppose as given. The positivist position adopted methodologically in this paper does not mean mere 'falsificationism' but 'verificationism', or rather 'confirmationism', of a theory.
著者
富川 光 森野 浩
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
タクサ:日本動物分類学会誌 (ISSN:13422367)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, pp.39-51, 2012-02-20 (Released:2018-03-30)
参考文献数
49

Amphipods (Crustacea) are most diverse in marine environment but not a few species occur in freshwaters. To date, 36 species of freshwater amphipod taxa have been recorded from Japan. However, there are no taxonomical reviews of Japanese freshwater amphipods. In this paper, Japanese name, scientific name, major feature, and distribution for all species of Japanese freshwater amphipods are marshalled. In addition, a key to species is provided for identification of freshwater amphipods in Japan. Figures provided with this key indicate features of taxonomic importance. We proposed the new Japanese names for the following family/genera/species in this paper: families Luciobliviidae and Bogidiellidae, genera Octopupilla, Lucioblivio and Bogidiella, and species Octopupilla felix, Lucioblivio kozaensis and Bogidiella broodbakkeri.
著者
上谷 香陽
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
文教大学国際学部紀要 = Journal of the Faculty of International Studies (ISSN:09173072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.2, pp.1-15, 2015-01-01

This paper reconsiders Yumiko Ehara’s examination on a series of discussions in the Japanese women’s movement since 1970s, to explore sociological implication of the issue raised by her. Through critical investigation into these discussions, Ehara articulated certain kind of diffi culty that might be found out even today in our discussions of social problems about gender inequality. In rereading Ehara’s examination, this paper suggests that change of people’s lifestyle and change of society are related to change of discourses in and through which our everyday life has been organized. In order to produce new discourses, we have to unravel the interconnection of various concepts in our everyday language use activities and reorganize them in a new way. Ehara’s concept of “Kenryoku-sayo” means regulatory power of discourses that prevents us from unraveling and reorganizing such interconnection of concepts related to gender. Based on Ehara’s examination, this paper suggests that such discoursive power not only regulates our everyday life but also is activated in and through our own everyday language use activities.
著者
河本 大地
出版者
公益社団法人 日本地理学会
雑誌
E-journal GEO (ISSN:18808107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.2, pp.534-548, 2018 (Released:2018-12-06)
参考文献数
42

「身近な地域」の調査とウィキペディア編集の組合せの有効性と課題を,大学の初年次教育における実践をもとに整理することが本稿の目的である.対象地域は古都・奈良のならまちで,奈良教育大学の近くに歴史的町並みを有する.学生は,ならまち各町を「マイタウン」として担当し,ウィキペディア記事を作成するとともに,自治会長等への聞取りや施設訪問などをおこない,成果を報告会でのプレゼンテーションや,小学生向け冊子にまとめた.取組みを分析した結果,初年次教育として広範な意義が認められた.また,大学教育におけるローカルなフィールドワークおよびその成果の発信によって得られる知識・技能,思考力・判断力・表現力,主体性・多様性・協働性が明らかになった.大学および学生と地域社会との関係性構築にも寄与しており,初年次教育に対する地理学の貢献可能性を見出せる.
著者
重松 優
出版者
早稲田大学大学院 社会科学研究科
雑誌
社学研論集 (ISSN:13480790)
巻号頁・発行日
no.11, pp.144-159, 2008

論文
著者
三木 陽太
出版者
東京海洋大学
巻号頁・発行日
2012

東京海洋大学修士学位論文 平成24年度(2012) 食機能保全科学 第1612号

356 342 342 0 OA 暁斎画談

著者
河鍋暁斎 画
出版者
植竹新[ほか]
巻号頁・発行日
vol.外篇 巻之上, 1887
著者
笹倉 秀夫
出版者
早稲田大学法学会
雑誌
早稻田法學 (ISSN:03890546)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.93, no.4, pp.225-254, 2018-07-30 (Released:2018-08-21)
著者
竹内 淑子 中坪 拓也 福居 篤子 藤井 隆太 田原 耕平 竹内 洋文
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬剤学会
雑誌
薬剤学 (ISSN:03727629)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.3, pp.164-176, 2017-04-01 (Released:2017-05-01)
参考文献数
19

Flowability is one of the most important parameters of pharmaceutical powders during the handling and preparation of solid dosage forms. It is especially important to characterize the very poor flowability that some herbal powders show. In this study, the flowability of a traditional herbal powder formulated as an antitussive and expectorant was examined. This formulated herbal powder and two excipient powders, precipitated calcium carbonate and anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate, were evaluated using two instruments. A shearing test, a wall friction test and a dynamic flowability test were performed with Powder Rheometer FT4 (Freeman Technology, Tewkesbury, UK). Internal friction and wall friction were measured. BFE (basic flow energy), SI (stability index) and FRI (flow rate index) were also measured. Angle of repose, bulk density, tapped density, angle of spatula and cohesiveness were measured with a Powder Tester (Hosokawa Micron, Osaka, Japan). The results were used to calculate Carr's Index values and compressibility, which in turn revealed that this herbal powder had poor flowability.The other aim of this study was to develop a new method of evaluating the flowability of powder through a medicine spoon. Two evaluation methods, the spoon-tap test and the consecutive medicine spoon test, were developed to design a new medicine spoon for the herbal powder. The results of these tests indicated that a polyethylene medicine spoon with holes at the bottom could reduce the adhesiveness to a medicine spoon of the formulated herbal powder.
著者
笹倉 秀夫
出版者
早稲田大学法学会
雑誌
早稻田法學 (ISSN:03890546)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.93, no.4, pp.225-254, 2018-07-30
著者
Ken Maeda Toshifumi Saeki
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.253-262, 2018-11-25 (Released:2018-11-25)
参考文献数
37

Amphidromous gobies of Sicyopterus (Gobiidae: Sicydiinae) are distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate streams in the Indo-Pacific region. Two species, Sicyopterus japonicus (Tanaka, 1909) and Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas, 1770), are known from Japan. In the present study, two specimens of an additional species were collected in Okinawa Island, in southern Japan. We compared morphologies of the type series of Sicyopterus longifilis de Beaufort, 1912 and Sicyopterus brevis de Beaufort, 1912 collected in Indonesia, with the specimens from Okinawa Island to revise the taxonomy of these species and to identify the Okinawan specimens. Syntypes of S. longifilis and S. brevis share many characters, including a unique mouth morphology. Although fin morphologies, tooth number, and the shape of the urogenital papilla differ between S. longifilis and S. brevis syntypes, these amount to normal sexual dimorphism of sicydiine gobies. De Beaufort collected his specimens at the same locality on the same date. We conclude that the syntypes of S. longifilis and S. brevis are actually males and females of same species. Therefore, they are subjective synonyms, and we give precedence to the name S. longifilis as the first reviser under Article 24.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1999). The two specimens from Okinawa Island were identified as S. longifilis and this is the first record of this species from Japan.
著者
廣畑 輔雄
出版者
東京教育大学漢文学会
雑誌
漢文學會々報
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, pp.24-38, 1965-06-25
著者
山田 創一
出版者
山梨学院大学
雑誌
山梨学院大学法学論集 (ISSN:03876160)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, pp.47-144, 1998-06-16

356 342 342 0 OA 暁斎画談

著者
河鍋暁斎 画
出版者
植竹新[ほか]
巻号頁・発行日
vol.外篇 巻之上, 1887
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.223-247, 1995-09-30

Edmund Burke is generally recognized as the father of modern conservatism. For conservaties, he has been a continuing source of inspiration and a reservoir of ideas to counter the steady growth of radicalism and revolution since his day. As a conservative, what Burke had to conserve before everything else was the British Constitution. It seemed to him the best of constitutions. He did not regard the British Constitution as perfect, but he looked upon it as perfect for Englishmen. The purpose of this study is to clear the conservative political thought of Edmund Burke by considering his "Speech to the Electors of Bristol" and his plan for Economical Reform.
著者
竹内 淑子 中坪 拓也 福居 篤子 藤井 隆太 田原 耕平 竹内 洋文
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬剤学会
雑誌
薬剤学 (ISSN:03727629)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.3, pp.164-176, 2017-04-01 (Released:2017-05-01)
参考文献数
19

Flowability is one of the most important parameters of pharmaceutical powders during the handling and preparation of solid dosage forms. It is especially important to characterize the very poor flowability that some herbal powders show. In this study, the flowability of a traditional herbal powder formulated as an antitussive and expectorant was examined. This formulated herbal powder and two excipient powders, precipitated calcium carbonate and anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate, were evaluated using two instruments. A shearing test, a wall friction test and a dynamic flowability test were performed with Powder Rheometer FT4 (Freeman Technology, Tewkesbury, UK). Internal friction and wall friction were measured. BFE (basic flow energy), SI (stability index) and FRI (flow rate index) were also measured. Angle of repose, bulk density, tapped density, angle of spatula and cohesiveness were measured with a Powder Tester (Hosokawa Micron, Osaka, Japan). The results were used to calculate Carr's Index values and compressibility, which in turn revealed that this herbal powder had poor flowability.The other aim of this study was to develop a new method of evaluating the flowability of powder through a medicine spoon. Two evaluation methods, the spoon-tap test and the consecutive medicine spoon test, were developed to design a new medicine spoon for the herbal powder. The results of these tests indicated that a polyethylene medicine spoon with holes at the bottom could reduce the adhesiveness to a medicine spoon of the formulated herbal powder.
著者
高田 知紀 梅津 喜美夫 桑子 敏雄
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集F6(安全問題) (ISSN:21856621)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.I_167-I_174, 2012 (Released:2013-01-30)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
5

東日本大震災では,多くの神社が津波被害を免れたことが指摘されている.本研究では,日本の神社に祀られる祭神の多様性は,人びとの関心に応じた差異化の結果であるという仮説から,宮城県沿岸部の神社についてその祭神と空間的配置に着目しながら被害調査を行った.祭神については特に,ヤマタノオロチ退治で知られるスサノオノミコトに着目した.スサノオは無病息災の神として祀られることから,洪水や津波といった自然災害時にも大きな役割を果たすと考えられる.また,地域の治水上の要所に鎮座していることが多い.東北での調査から,スサノオを祀った神社,またスサノオがルーツであると考えられる熊野神社は,そのほとんどが津波被害を免れていることを明らかにした.この結果は,地域の歴史や文化をふまえたリスク・マネジメントのあり方について重要な知見を提供する.
著者
嵩原 広宙 田中 秀樹 岩城 達也
出版者
Japan Society of Kansei Engineering
雑誌
日本感性工学会論文誌 (ISSN:18840833)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.TJSKE-D-17-00030, (Released:2018-02-09)
参考文献数
22

Emotional state before sleep affects the subsequent sleep onset. The purpose of this study was to investigate how positive/negative emotion before sleep effected hypnagogic state. The movies eliciting positive or negative emotion were presented before sleep. Hypnagogic imagery was recorded as a probe of emotional experience and EEG microstate analysis was used for finding the emotion related EEG activities. The score of emotion ratings for hypnagogic imagery indicated that positive emotion was reported in not only positive condition but also in negative condition. This implied that hypnagogic state might be accompanied by positive emotion. Comparing the appearance of maps obtained from microstate analysis between conditions, the map of right temporal activity was significantly greater in positive condition while the map of the left frontal activity was greater negative condition. These results suggested that the emotion not just in presleep but also in hypnagogic state was involved in sleep onset process.
著者
武田 宗和 名取 恵子 諸井 隆一 原田 知幸 矢口 有乃 稲垣 伸洋
出版者
日本腹部救急医学会
雑誌
日本腹部救急医学会雑誌 (ISSN:13402242)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.4, pp.735-739, 2013-05-31 (Released:2013-07-26)
参考文献数
10

要旨:【症例】37歳飲酒歴のない女性。意識障害で発見され救急搬送,既往は躁鬱病と境界型人格障害。来院時ショック状態で下血を認め,緊急下部内視鏡検査で直腸から左側結腸まで全周性・連続性の発赤とびらんを認めた。翌日,薄めたウオッカ約1L(推定アルコール濃度49%)を自ら注腸したことが判明,虚血性腸炎に準じ保存的治療を選択。8病日の内視鏡検査では直腸からS状結腸までは粘膜の修復が認められ保存的治療を継続した。4週間後,下行結腸の高度な腸管狭窄を合併したため,本人との話し合いの結果,横行結腸に人工肛門を造設することとなった。【考察】過去の報告では,アルコール注入による直腸結腸炎は保存的治療で治癒することが多いとされる。本例は高濃度のアルコールが大量に注入され広範囲に腸管が傷害された上にショック状態に陥り,腸管虚血をきたしその治癒過程で腸管狭窄を合併したものと推察された。本例における治療方針に関する問題点をふまえ文献的考察を加え報告する。
著者
近江 龍一 西原 陽子 山西 良典
出版者
人工知能学会
雑誌
人工知能学会全国大会論文集 (ISSN:13479881)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, 2017

Web上に投稿される情報の中には青少年にとって有害な情報,特に猥褻な意味を持つ言葉は直接記述されず暗喩により表現されることが多い.本研究の目的は暗喩を用いて表現されている有害な文に対してフィルタリングを行うことである.提案手法では有害表現が含まれる文をドメインごとに機械学習し有害表現の分類器を作り,有害表現をフィルタリングする.提案手法の有用性を評価する実験をR-18指定の小説を使い行った.
著者
酒向 貴子 川田 伸一郎 手塚 牧人 上杉 哲郎 明仁
出版者
国立科学博物館
雑誌
Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science. Series A, Zoology (ISSN:18819052)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.63-75, 2008-06

The distribution of latrines of the raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides, was examined from July 2006 to December 2007 in the Imperial Palace grounds, Tokyo, Japan. The raccoon dog is accustomed to defecate at fixed locations, forming holding latrines; thus the distribution of latrines is a good indicator of their abundance. The results suggest that the latrines are widely scattered in the study site, but are more dense in the Fukiage area, where an old-growth broad-leaved forest is established. The latrine sites are used more frequently from September to December, as the number of fresh feces increased in the autumnal season. To examine the seasonal food changes of the raccoon dogs, 10 pieces of feces from some latrines were collected every month and analyzed the indigestible contents in the sampled feces. The food items identified consisted of animal, plant and man-made materials, suggesting that the raccoon dogs were highly omnivorous. The animal materials found from the feces included mammals (4% of total feces), birds (37%), reptiles (2%), amphibians (3%), insects (95%), chilopods (56%), isopods (2%) and gastropods (12%). Invertebrates were the most abundand food item throughout the year. Three coleopteran families, the Carabidae, Staphylinidae and Scarabaeidae, accounted for a large proportion of the insects and they showed seasonal fluctuations. These suggest that the raccoon dogs fed on them as major animal food resources in the study site, and perhaps the seasonality is related to the temporal changes of availability of the insects. The majority of plant materials found in the feces was a variety of seeds, suggesting that the raccoon dogs fed on berries and fleshy fruits throughout the year. The occurrence of seeds decreased from March to April, which coincided with a low availability of fruits. The seeds found in feces were categorized into three types : (1) the short-term berry type including Prunus (Cerasus) spp., Moms spp., Rubus hirsutus and Machilus thunbergii, which occurred only a short term after their fruiting periods ; (2) the long-term berry type, including Celtis sinensis, Aphananthe aspera and Swida controversa, which occurred continuously for three or more months after the fruiting periods ; (3) the acorn type, including Castanopsis spp., Quercus spp. and Ginkgo biloba, which occurred in early spring (January to April) when the other fruits are scarce. The seasonal change of the three fruit types implies that the raccoon dogs consume the available fruits in relation to the successive fruiting periods. The proportion of artificial materials found in the feces was considerably lower than in previous studies carried out in the suburbs of Tokyo, suggesting that the raccoon dogs in the study site strongly depend on natural foods. Most of the natural food items were native to Japan since the past Edo period. Thus we conclude that the preservation of biodiversity in the Imperial Palace grounds was essential for the re-colonization by the raccoon dogs of the Tokyo metropolitan area after the 1970s.
著者
多和田 友美 伊香賀 俊治 村上 周三 内田 匠子 上田 悠
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.648, pp.213-219, 2010-02-28 (Released:2010-06-07)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
4 3

Various researches highlight that indoor air quality affects performance of workers in offices. Although good indoor air quality improves work performance, it also increases energy consumption. In this study, we achieved a field survey in a real office in order to investigate the relationship between thermal environment, productivity, and energy consumption. In addition to the monitoring of indoor environmental quality and energy consumption, subjective experiments were conducted. In order to evaluate subjective performance, workers and students responded to questionnaires, and to evaluate objective performance, students simulated three types of office works. By calculating room temperature and worker's subjective performance, we demonstrate the correlation between room temperature and worker's performance (R2=0.22, p
著者
山口 二郎 中村 研一 宮脇 淳 宮本 太郎 遠藤 乾 新川 敏光
出版者
北海道大学
雑誌
学術創成研究費
巻号頁・発行日
2002 (Released:2002-04-01)

この研究では、1990年代後半から21世紀にかけて急速に進んだグローバル化による福祉国家の解体現象と、これに対する平等概念を基調とした対抗策について、考察した。まず、21世紀初頭に起こった日本的福祉国家の崩壊現象について、「リスクの社会化、個人化」と「普遍的政策、裁量的政策」という2つの軸を組み合わせることで、体系的な説明のモデルを作った。戦後日本では、補助金、護送船団方式など、裁量的政策によりリスクの社会化が図られており、そのことが結果的に疑似福祉国家的効果をもたらした。しかし、市場原理の浸透や透明性を求める市民社会の要求の中で裁量的政策と不可分に結びついていたリスクの社会化の政策まで否定され、新自由主義的構造改革が優勢となったと説明される。また、西欧において福祉国家のモデルが、90年代から21世紀にかけていかに変容、再生したかを比較の観点から考察し、日本に対する教訓を明らかにした。特に、イギリス、スウェーデンなどにおける社会的包摂(social inclusion)の概念を分析し、グローバル化時代における社会的排除(social exclusion)の弊害を明らかにすると共に、社会的包摂を実現するための政策の枠組みやこれを実施する主体について考察した。さらに、格差社会の到来という現状において、市民が政治や政策に何を期待するかについて、東京と北海道において大規模な意識調査を行なった。その結果、平等や公共サービスに関して、多少の地域差はあるものの、市民は格差の小さい社会を望み、充実した公共サービスを望んでいることが明らかとなった。この知見は、これからの福祉国家再生策の重要な基盤となる。

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