著者
Maki Yokomoto-Umakoshi Ippei Kanazawa Shiori Kondo Toshitsugu Sugimoto
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0011, (Released:2017-05-19)
被引用文献数
6

Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of falls, which increases the incidence of osteoporotic fractures and accordingly decreases quality of life. However, the association between fall risk and diabetic complications is not completely understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between fall risk and osteoporotic fractures in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We enrolled 194 Japanese patients with T2DM and assessed their fall risk using a brief interview form that included five items covering physical and social aspects of functioning and environmental factors. We examined the associations between fall risk and the presence of diabetic complications, such as neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral artery disease (PAD), and osteoporotic fractures (including any fracture and vertebral fractures only). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, a longer history of T2DM, the presence of neuropathy and PAD, and a history of any fractures were significantly and positively associated with the risk of falls. On the other hand, a lower body mass index, the presence of neuropathy, and the risk of falls were independently and positively associated with the risk of any fracture. When fractures were limited to vertebral fractures only, the association with the risk of falls remained significant. We found that the risk of falls and osteoporotic fractures were associated in patients with T2DM and that a brief screening test of the risk of falls was useful for assessing the risk of osteoporotic fractures.
著者
Mayu Minamoto-Higashioka Ryoichi Kawamura Hironobu Umakoshi Maki Yokomoto-Umakoshi Daisuke Utsunomiya Haruhiko Osawa Shiori Kondo
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1360-18, (Released:2019-01-10)
参考文献数
29

Objective Glucose-lowering drug-induced hypoglycemia is a serious complication and there have been a few reports of seasonal variations in hypoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between severe drug-induced hypoglycemia and seasonal variations, and to elucidate the contributing factors. Methods This retrospective, single center clinical study, analyzed the cases of 125 patients who required emergency hospitalization for severe drug-induced hypoglycemia between January 1, 2001 and December 31, 2014. The period from November to April was defined as the cold season. Results Severe hypoglycemia occurred more often in the cold season than in the warm season. In the cold season, 62 of 9,981 (0.6%) emergency department visits involved patients who required hospitalization for drug-induced hypoglycemia. In contrast, in the warm season, 27 of 8,649 (0.3%) visits involved patients who required hospitalization for drug-induced hypoglycemia (p=0.002). The proportion of patients treated with sulfonylurea (SU) in the cold season was higher than that in the warm season. Even the use of low-dose SU caused hypoglycemia in the cold season. In the SU-treated group, the proportion of patients with white blood cell and/or C-reactive protein elevation was higher in the cold season than in the warm season (p=0.04). Conclusion Severe glucose-lowering drug-induced hypoglycemia occured more frequently in the cold season than in the warm season, and was associated with an inflammatory state in patients treated with SU.