著者
Makoto Terada Kiyotaka Nakamagoe Naoshi Obara Shinichi Ogawa Noriaki Sakamoto Taiki Sato Seitaro Nohara Shigeru Chiba Akira Tamaoka
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.3, pp.363-368, 2017-02-01 (Released:2017-02-01)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
6 7

Central nervous system graft-versus-host disease can present quite a diagnostic challenge. We herein present a case of histologically-confirmed chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) involving the central nervous system that occurred at 19 months after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed areas of confluent hyperintensity in the deep/subcortical white matter with multiple punctate and curvilinear gadolinium enhancements, suggesting the disruption of the blood-brain barrier. A brain biopsy revealed perivascular CD3-positive T cell infiltration around the small vessels. We propose that the detection of punctate-enhanced lesions by magnetic resonance imaging may be a useful finding that facilitates the early diagnosis of chronic GVHD involving the central nervous system.
著者
Noriaki SAKAMOTO Eiichi ISHIKAWA Yasunobu NAKAI Hiroyoshi AKUTSU Tetsuya YAMAMOTO Kei NAKAI Masanari SHIIGAI Hideo TSURUSHIMA Tomonori ISOBE Shingo TAKANO Koji TSUBOI Akira MATSUMURA
出版者
社団法人 日本脳神経外科学会
雑誌
Neurologia medico-chirurgica (ISSN:04708105)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.12, pp.878-884, 2012 (Released:2012-12-25)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
9 30 5

Intracranial hemangioblastomas (HBs) are hypervascular neoplasms mainly located in the posterior fossa of the central nervous system. Preoperative embolization of the feeding arteries is one proposal for reduction of intraoperative hemorrhage, although indications for the procedures should be evaluated carefully due to the potential complications. This retrospective study investigated clinical outcomes and complications of 15 patients with HBs in the posterior fossa to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of endovascular procedures as well as angiographical procedures. Surgical excision without presurgical embolization was performed in 8 cases, and excision with presurgical embolization was performed in 7 cases, using Guglielmi detachable coils with or without polyvinyl alcohol (GDC ± PVA) in 4 cases and only n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) in 3 cases. The embolization was applied for selected cases in which feeding arteries were located in a deep site and hard to coagulate surgically. Partial embolization was achieved in 5 cases, and all feeders were successfully embolized in 2 cases. Total removal was achieved in 12 cases, and subtotal/partial removal was achieved in 3 cases. Subarachnoid hemorrhage with intratumoral hemorrhage occurred in 1 case during the angiographic procedure and in 1 case during the embolization procedures. The mean volume of intraoperative blood loss was clearly less in the NBCA group than in the GDC ± PVA group. HBs are mainly located in the posterior cranial fossa, so the risk of severe clinical complication may be high if vascular problems occur. In our series, presurgical embolization using NBCA made tumor removal safe and reduced bleeding volume in posterior fossa HBs.