著者
Shinohara Akio Suzuki Hitoshi Tsuchiya Kimiyuki Zhang Ya-Ping Luo Jing Jiang Xue-Long Wang Ying-Xiang Campbell Kevin L.
出版者
社団法人日本動物学会
雑誌
Zoological science (ISSN:02890003)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.12, pp.1177-1185, 2004-12-25
被引用文献数
5 36

We sequenced the cytochrome b gene from two little-studied mammal species from the highlands of Southwest China, the long-tailed mole Scaptonyx fusicaudus and the gracile shrew-like mole Uropsilus gracilis. This data was used to examine the phylogenetic relationships among 19 talpid species within the family Talpidae (Mammalia: Eulipotyphla). Cytochrome b gene trees supported a basal placement of shrew-like moles (Uropsilus) within the Talpidae, and suggested that fossorial specializations arose twice during talpid evolution. To assess the evolutionary relationships of moles endemic to this region, we additionally sequenced the 12S rRNA gene and the nuclear recombination-activating gene-1 from eight and ten East Asian taxa, respectively. Analyses of these single and concatenated data sets suggested that East Asian shrew moles diverged prior to the evolution of fossorial Eurasian moles. However, we were unable to determine whether semi-fossorial shrew moles are monophyletic. In contrast, fossorial Eurasian genera (Talpa, Mogera and Euroscaptor) were consistently found to form a monophyletic clade, with Mogera and Euroscaptor representing sister taxa. Furthermore, this fossorial clade grouped with the semi-aquatic Desmana, although with fairly low (35-62%) bootstrap support. Mogera imaizumii was found to be more closely related to M. wogura than to M. tokudae. This implies that the ancestors of these three species entered Japan from the Asian continent in this order via a series of migration events, suggesting that the Japanese Islands have played an important role in preserving mole lineages from ancient to recent times.
著者
Tsuchiya Kimiyuki Suzuki Hitoshi Shinohara Akio HARADA Masashi WAKANA Shigeharu SAKAIZUMI Mitsuru HAN Sang-Hoon LIN Liang-Kong KRYUKOV Alexei P.
出版者
The Genetics Society of Japan
雑誌
Genes & genetic systems (ISSN:13417568)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.1, pp.17-24, 2000-02
被引用文献数
15 42

Taxonomic analysis has previously revealed that the species of moles that inhabit Japan are characterized by exceptional species richness and a high level of endemism. Here, we focused on the evolutionary history of the four Japanese mole species of the genera <i>Euroscapter</i> and <i>Mogera</i>, examining mitochondrial cytochrome <i>b</i> (cyt <i>b</i>) gene sequences and comparing them with those of continental <i>Mogera wogura</i> (Korean and Russian populations), <i>M. insularis</i> from Taiwan, and <i>Talpa europaea</i> and <i>T. altaica</i> from the western and central Eurasian continent, respectively. Our data support the idea that in a radiation center somewhere on the Eurasian continent, a parental stock evolved to modern mole-like morph and radiated several times intermittently during the course of the evolution, spreading its branches to other peripheral geographic domains at each stage of the radiation. Under this hypothesis, the four lineages of Japanese mole species, <i>E. mizura</i>, <i>M. tokudae</i>, <i>M. imaizumii</i>, and <i>M. wogura</i>, could be explained to have immigrated to Japan in this order. <i>Mogera wogura</i> and <i>M. imaizumii</i> showed substantial amounts of geographic variation and somewhat complicated distributions of the cyt <i>b</i> gene types. These intraspecific variations are likely to be associated with the expansion processes of moles in the Japanese Islands during the Pleistocene glacial ages.<br>
著者
Kawada Shin-ichiro Shinohara Akio Yasuda Masatoshi ODA Sen-ichi LIAT Lim Boo
出版者
日本哺乳類学会
雑誌
Mammal study = The Continuation of the Journal of the Mammalogical Society of Japan (ISSN:13434152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.2, pp.109-115, 2005-12-01
被引用文献数
4 5

We report the first karyological description of a southeast Asian mole, the Malaysian mole (<i>Euroscaptor micrura malayana</i>). The karyotype of the Malaysian mole includes 36 chromosomes, which consist of 18 biarmed and 16 acrocentric autosomes and the sex pair. The sex chromosomes are a small meta-submetacentric X chromosome and a minute dot-like Y chromosome, although the latter is somewhat larger than that of some talpid allies. Autosomal complements include one pair of NOR-bearing chromosomes. A comparative G-banding analysis with the Japanese congener <i>E. mizura</i> showed that these two species share high G-banding homology, and their differences on two pairs of chromosomes are explained by a single reciprocal translocation. The karyological similarity of these distant geographic species is discussed in a systematic and evolutionary context, based on comparisons to other species distributed between them.<br>
著者
Shinohara Akio Campbell Kevin L. Suzuki Hitoshi
出版者
日本哺乳類学会
雑誌
Mammal study = The Continuation of the Journal of the Mammalogical Society of Japan (ISSN:13434152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.S19-S24, 2005-12-01
被引用文献数
4 11

Japanese talpid moles exhibit a remarkable degree of species richness and geographic complexity, and as such, have attracted much research interest by morphologists, cytogeneticists, and molecular phylogeneticists. However, a consensus hypothesis pertaining to the evolutionary history and biogeography of this group remains elusive. Recent phylogenetic studies utilizing nucleotide sequences have provided reasonably consistent branching patterns for Japanese talpids, but have generally suffered from a lack of closely related South-East Asian species for sound biogeographic interpretations. As an initial step in achieving this goal, we constructed phylogenetic trees using publicly accessible mitochondrial and nuclear sequences from seven Japanese taxa, and those of related insular and continental species for which nucleotide data is available. The resultant trees support the view that four lineages (<i>Euroscaptor mizura</i>, <i>Mogera tokuade</i> species group [<i>M. tokudae</i> and <i>M. etigo</i>], <i>M. imaizumii</i>, and <i>M. wogura</i>) migrated separately, and in this order, from the continental Asian mainland to Japan. The close relationship of <i>M. tokudae</i> and <i>M. etigo</i> suggests these lineages diverged recently through a vicariant event between Sado Island and Echigo plain. The origin of the two endemic lineages of Japanese shrew-moles, <i>Urotrichus talpoides </i>and <i>Dymecodon pilirostris</i>, remains ambiguous. Further analyses on intra-species diversity are necessary to fully solve the evolutionary histories of Japanese moles and shrew-moles.<br>