著者
Oyama Satoshi Baba Yukino Ohmukai Ikki Dokoshi Hiroaki Kashima Hisashi
出版者
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1-9, 2015
被引用文献数
2

Despite recent open data initiatives in many coun- tries, a significant percentage of the data provided is in non- machine-readable formats like image format rather than in a machine-readable electronic format, thereby restricting their usability. This paper describes the first unified framework for converting legacy open data in image format into a machine- readable and reusable format by using crowdsourcing. Crowd workers are asked not only to extract data from an image of a chart but also to reproduce the chart objects in spreadsheets. The properties of the reconstructed chart objects give their data structures including series names and values, which are useful for automatic processing of data by computer. Since results produced by crowdsourcing inherently contain errors, a quality control mechanism was developed that improves the accuracy of extracted tables by aggregating tables created by different workers for the same chart image and by utilizing the data structures obtained from the reproduced chart objects. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed framework and mechanism are effective.

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