著者
Yuichiro Kobayashi Misaki Amagasa Takafumi Suzuki
出版者
日本デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ学会
雑誌
Journal of the Japanese Association for Digital Humanities (ISSN:21887276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.90-107, 2017-09-06 (Released:2017-09-07)
参考文献数
29

Popular songs can be regarded as a fine representation of modern society andculture. In particular, the lyrics of popular songs are the most importantaspect for understanding the sense of values and linguistic sensitivity in agiven generation and community. The purpose of the present study is toinvestigate the chronological variation of popular Japanese songs usingstylometric techniques. This study draws on the lyrics of 858 songs, whichappeared on the Oricon annual top 20 single hit chart between 1976 and 2015. Thelinguistic features investigated in this study include five different types oflexical indices, namely (a) number of words, (b) parts-of-speech, (c) wordtypes, (d) character types, and (e) vocabulary level. Multiple regressionanalysis was conducted to explore the chronological change in the frequencies oflexical indices. The results showed that the frequencies of word types andcharacter types dramatically changed before and after 1990. Moreover, the usagesof auxiliary verbs as well as lower level vocabulary became more prominent,whereas the frequencies of adjectival nouns and conjunctions decreased. Thefindings suggest that a turning point in cultural trends corresponds with thehistorically significant political and economic events, such as the end of theShowa era and the burst of the bubble economy.
著者
Jennifer Edmond Natasa Bulatovic Alexander O'Connor
出版者
日本デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ学会
雑誌
Journal of the Japanese Association for Digital Humanities (ISSN:21887276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.107-122, 2015-09-02 (Released:2015-09-02)
参考文献数
17

The Collaborative EuropeaN Digital Archival Research Infrastructure (CENDARI) project has developed a new virtual environment for humanities research, reimagining the analogue landscape of research sources for medieval and modern history and humanities research infrastructure models for the digital age. To achieve this, the project has needed to be sensitive to the ways in which historical research practices in the 21st Century are distinct from those of earlier eras, harnessing the affordances of technology to reveal connections and support or refute hypotheses, enabling transnational approaches, and federating sources beyond the well-known and across the largely national organization paradigms that dominate within traditional knowledge infrastructures (libraries, archives and museums). This paper describes both the user-centered development methodology deployed by the project and the resulting technical architecture adopted to meet these challenging requirements. The resulting system is a robust ‘enquiry environment’ able to integrate a variety of data types and standards with bespoke tools for the curation, annotation, communication and validation of historical insight.
著者
Katsuya Masuda Makoto Tanji Hideki Mima
出版者
日本デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ学会
雑誌
Journal of the Japanese Association for Digital Humanities (ISSN:21887276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.37-43, 2015-09-02 (Released:2015-09-02)
参考文献数
2

This study proposes a framework to access to the modern history of Japanese philosophy using natural language processing (NLP) and visualization. In order to discover new knowledge from massive amounts of information, support of information technologies is required. For supporting knowledge discovery from vast amount of books, we developed an OCR-based automatic book-digitizing framework and the system visualizing documents with relationships among them calculated by using NLP techniques. We applied the framework to Japanese journal Shisō (“Thought”) by the Japanese publisher Iwanami Shoten. We show an example of knowledge structure extracted from Shisō by using our visualizing system.
著者
Yui Arakawa Ryosuke Yoshimoto Fuyuki Yoshikane Takafumi Suzuki
出版者
日本デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ学会
雑誌
Journal of the Japanese Association for Digital Humanities (ISSN:21887276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.1-9, 2015-09-02 (Released:2015-09-02)
参考文献数
13

Gathering information from social media content is becoming increasingly popular. Twitter, a microblog where posts are limited to 140 characters, is an excellent platform for gathering instant and interactive information. Considerable research has focused on Twitter’s effectiveness for disseminating emergency alerts and confirming the safety of acquaintances. However, there has been less emphasis on the analysis of Twitter posts to obtain information specialized to specific domains. Such analysis could enable simple and rapid identification of information related to state-of-the-art technology. Against this background, this study reports on a preliminary analysis of tweets by Japanese academic researchers. Our content analysis and text analysis reveal that many academic researchers tweet about their individual activities, education, or research. Their tweets contain domain-specific knowledge and have identifiable textual characteristics. This study provides basic findings that can be applied to obtain domain-specific knowledge from Twitter.
著者
Tomohiko Morioka
出版者
日本デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ学会
雑誌
Journal of the Japanese Association for Digital Humanities (ISSN:21887276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.86-106, 2015-09-02 (Released:2015-09-02)
参考文献数
11

This paper describes a knowledge based character processing model to resolve some problems of coded character model. Currently, in the field of information processing of digital texts, each character is represented and processed by the “Coded Character Model.” In this model, each character is defined and shared using a coded character set (code) and represented by a code-point (integer) of the code. In other words, when knowledge about characters is defined (standardized) in a specification of a coded character set, then there is no need to store large and detailed knowledge about characters into computers for basic text processing. In terms of flexibility, however, the coded character model has some problems, because it assumes a finite set of characters, with each character of the set having a stable concept shared in the community. However, real character usage is not so static and stable. Especially in Chinese characters, it is not so easy to select a finite set of characters which covers all usages. To resolve these problems, we have proposed the “Chaon” model. This is a new model of character processing based on character ontology. This report briefly describes the Chaon model and the CHISE (Character Information Service Environment) project, and focuses on how to represent Chinese characters and their glyphs in the context of multiple unification rules.
著者
Hajime Murai
出版者
日本デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ学会
雑誌
Journal of the Japanese Association for Digital Humanities (ISSN:21887276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.44-57, 2015-09-02 (Released:2015-09-02)
参考文献数
11

To support the automatic semantic analysis of texts in the humanities, it is not sufficient to analyze words and evaluate word pairs, because it is necessary to process larger units, such as phrases, sentences, and paragraphs. This study proposes the introduction of intratextuality into a digital archive system. In the future, this method will be developed as the basis for semantic analysis of larger units. Classical literary structures that are used frequently in the Old and New Testaments were digitized as a case study. A literary structure data format for a relational database was also implemented. The literary structures of 39 books in the Old Testament and 27 books in the New Testament were digitized. The total number of digitized literary structures was 1,507 and the elements of these structures comprised 7,715 pairs. These data were stored in a Java-based relational database system and a web-based viewer program for rhetorical structures was implemented as a JSP servlet. This web-based program will be combined with an existing digital archive system that can manage intertextuality data. The Java-based relational database system and the JSP servlet will facilitate numerical analyses of the intertextuality and intratextuality of digital archive systems of classical texts, thus making it much easier to conduct scientific analyses of the meanings of texts.
著者
James Smithies Paul Millar Chris Thomson
出版者
日本デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ学会
雑誌
Journal of the Japanese Association for Digital Humanities (ISSN:21887276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.10-36, 2015-09-02 (Released:2015-09-02)
参考文献数
28

The UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive was established in response to the devastating earthquakes that struck Canterbury region in New Zealand from September 2010 onwards, including 4 quakes of magnitude 6 or greater and over 11,000 aftershocks. 185 people died and significant parts of Christchurch city were either destroyed or have needed to be demolished, resulting in financial losses of an estimated NZ$30 billion. The rebuild is expected to take 10 – 15 years, and the UC CEISMIC archive is designed to accommodate this, acting as a distributed national (and eventually international) repository for digital content produced as a result of the earthquakes. This paper outlines the design principles and architecture of the archive, describing the commitment to open access and open source that allowed the project team to bring together a broad-ranging national consortium comprised of leading cultural organizations, who work alongside content providers ranging from individual citizens, government agencies and community groups, to large media companies. Principles common to the digital humanities community were used to bond the broader project team, in an interesting example of scholar-led community engagement. The goal is to provide a model that can be used, either in whole or in part, by future teams in need of similar capability.
著者
Yusuke Nakamura Chikahiko Suzuki Katsuya Masuda Hideki Mima
出版者
日本デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ学会
雑誌
Journal of the Japanese Association for Digital Humanities (ISSN:21887276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.60-72, 2017-09-06 (Released:2017-09-07)
参考文献数
3

The present paper aims at designing a monitoring framework for a yet new interdisciplinary research and education program in Japan, “Cultural Resources Studies.”, "Bunkashigengaku" in Japanese. We analyze the linkage between a university, an academic association, and the practitioners’ institutions closely related with cultural resources through the mining of the principal texts produced by them. Our findings reveal the complicated relations among these stakeholder institutions, and attest to the importance of the revision cycle for the advance of interdisciplinary studies.