著者
Hidekatsu Yanai Hiroshi Yoshida
出版者
National Center for Global Health and Medicine
雑誌
Global Health & Medicine (ISSN:24349186)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.15-23, 2021-02-28 (Released:2021-03-15)
参考文献数
105

Dyslipidemia is classified into primary and secondary types. Primary dyslipidemia is basically inherited and caused by single or multiple gene mutations that result in either overproduction or defective clearance of triglycerides and cholesterol. Secondary dyslipidemia is caused by unhealthy lifestyle factors and acquired medical conditions, including underlying diseases and applied drugs. Secondary dyslipidemia accounts for approximately 30-40% of all dyslipidemia. Secondary dyslipidemia should be treated by finding and addressing its causative diseases or drugs. For example, treatment of secondary dyslipidemia, such as hyperlipidemia due to hypothyroidism, by using statin without controlling hypothyroidism, may lead to myopathy and serious adverse events such as rhabdomyolysis. Differential diagnosis of secondary dyslipidemia is very important for safe and effective treatment. Here, we describe an overview about diseases and drugs that interfere with lipid metabolism leading to secondary dyslipidemia. Further, we show the association of each secondary dyslipidemia with atherosclerosis and the treatments for such dyslipidemia.

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