著者
三石 誠司
出版者
日本フードシステム学会
雑誌
フードシステム研究 (ISSN:13410296)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.4, pp.372-385, 2014 (Released:2014-05-09)
参考文献数
21

This paper intends to analyze and re-examine the actual effectiveness, types of necessary activities, and impact of export restrictions of grains and oilseeds, which arise as a result of political and economic decision-making. The analyzed data are official reports prepared by the U.S. International Trade Commission, the General Accounting Office (GAO), and the investigation report of the Congressional Research Service of the United States. All these reports cover five export restrictions during the period of 1973 to 1980.What is understood from these reports is to enforce export restriction required excessive time, labor, and financial costs, and made losing the credibility as a stable supplier of the international grain market as well as giving advantages to other competitors such as Brazil, Argentina, and Canada. These are all well-known facts to date. Based on these experiences, the United States has not issued export restrictions for grains and oilseeds for the past three decades even during the grain crisis in 2008. There are some findings, however, about who actually suffered damages from the embargoes among farmers, exporters, and the governments. The paper also classifies the basic merits and demerits of export restrictions in different levels of stakeholders.

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外部データベース (DOI)

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@masatheman @KS_1013 (過去,小麦など様々な制裁が行われてきたけれど,過去の分析によれば成功事例は驚くほど少ないということを支持するようにも思いますhttps://t.co/aJCzQEikOP)
TPPのときに言われたエンバーゴの危険性ってやつですね 参考)アメリカの穀物輸出制限 ─行政資料から見た事実の整理と課題─ https://t.co/8dAH96H1HX https://t.co/RTKshXYLi6
@h3iwamot そうなんですよね。三石さんがこんな論文を書いておられました。https://t.co/sbh96mKogm
アメリカの穀物輸出制限─行政資料から見た事実の整理と課題─ https://t.co/zUUVAU2jD1 1973年ニクソン政権の大豆・綿実およびこれら使用製品の禁輸措置(エンバーゴ=商船出港禁止令)の影響についての論文。米は大豆輸出国としての信用を失墜。日本の商社は他国の供給源確保に走った。

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