著者
Hiroshi Noto Atsushi Goto Tetsuro Tsujimoto Mitsuhiko Noda
出版者
Japan Primary Care Association
雑誌
Journal of General and Family Medicine (ISSN:21896577)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.1, pp.60-70, 2016-03-18 (Released:2016-03-25)
参考文献数
51
被引用文献数
9

Objective: Low-carbohydrate diets have favorable short-term effects on body weight and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. However, they are potentially associated with an increased long-term risk of mortality. Our objective was to elucidate their effects on the incidence of diabetes.Methods: Several databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov) were searched for relevant articles that were published prior to May 2015. Cohort studies with a follow-up period of at least one year were included. Identified articles were systematically reviewed, and those with pertinent data were selected for inclusion in a meta-analysis. The pooled risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) for the incidence of diabetes was calculated using the random-effects model with inverse-variance weighting.Results: We included 13 studies in a systematic review, followed by a meta-analysis using pertinent data. Among the 440,669 people that were included in 11 cohort studies, 27,887 (6.3%) cases of diabetes were documented. The risk of incident diabetes among individuals with a low-carbohydrate diet was not significantly different from that of individuals with a high-carbohydrate diet: the pooled RR was 1.03 (95% CI, 0.91–1.16).Conclusion: Low-carbohydrate diets did not show any benefit on the risk of diabetes. However, this analysis is based on limited observational studies, and large-scale trials examining the complex interactions between low-carbohydrate diets and long-term outcomes are needed.

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外部データベース (DOI)

Yahoo!知恵袋 (1 users, 2 posts)

砂糖は大部分が二糖類のショ糖で構成されているので 質量=糖質量ってことになってますね。 同じ糖質でも二糖類と白米の主成分のデンプンのような多糖類では 健康への影響は異なるし、糖質制限に糖尿病予防に関する確実な エビデンスというものもないですね。 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jgfm/17/1/17_60/_article/-char/ja ...
ありません。 アメリカ糖尿病学会の2019年のコンセンサスレポートには低炭水化物食には 前糖尿病から糖尿病への移行リスクの低減は認められなかったとの記述も ありますね。 引用元はこの論文です。 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jgfm/17/1/17_60/_article/-char/ja/ Nutrition Therapy for A ...

Twitter (14 users, 14 posts, 6 favorites)

Uzun süre, Ketojenik / Düşük Karbonhidrat Yüksek Yağ / LCHF beslenen bireylerin Diyabet 2 olması; https://t.co/QaeGJDwvjD
@RetirementSemi 炭水化物制限が2型糖尿病発症を抑制できるかどうかについてはよく分かっていないようです。メタ解析ではリスクに影響しなかった模様。 https://t.co/AsiYTLQ1nB
@doctoratelleria @zigorMM @JulioBasulto_DN Ana, de momento no hay evidencia de que lo que entendemos como dieta "baja en carbohidratos" prevenga la diabetes o la trate. Lo dice la ADA y también aquí tienes la referencia (la de la ADA en este ramificado hilo, si no la encuentras me dices) https://t.co/IQTuxEp8xc
@TroKalayjian @RChrisCC @EAllen0417 @RNWilliamJ @AmandaZZ100 You gave us this to look at >> https://t.co/Lwwd5WDFLJ And I am quoting: "Conclusion: Low-carbohydrate diets did not show any benefit on the risk of diabetes" A quick control F search shows that no mention is made of A1c at all in that article.
Long-term Low-carbohydrate Diets and Type 2 Diabetes Risk: A Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies https://t.co/gyRy68ECS8
In observational studies, low-carb diets show no benefit on the risk of #diabetes │ https://t.co/SwQ1iPL6fK HT @erik_arnesen #nutrition
Review of observational studies only: “Low-carbohydrate diets did not show any benefit on the risk of diabetes.” - https://t.co/CICPo0sWNT

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