- Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences
- Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences (ISSN:13456296)
- vol.116, no.3, pp.170-175, 2021 (Released:2021-07-17)
Oxidation states within the planetary interior are intrinsically linked with the broad scale tectonism; however, it is difficult to estimate the actual oxidation conditions. Orthopyroxene–magnetite symplectite formed by olivine oxidation may provide a significant clue into such oxidation events. Here we report detailed mineralogical and petrological synthesis of such orthopyroxene–magnetite symplectites from olivine gabbros of Oman Ophiolite (Hole GT2A, ICDP Oman Drilling Project). In order to understand how oxidation affects different olivine compositions, we employed a phase equilibria approach and computed several temperature–composition diagrams at a fixed pressure (1 kbar). Our experiments predict the coexistence of olivine with Fo75–76 and Fo71 with the orthopyroxene (En79 and En76), respectively, which is remarkably similar to the mineral chemistry obtained from the Oman lower crustal gabbros. From the magnetite content, we also infer that the symplectite formation may have taken place over a range of temperatures (600–1000 °C) via subsolidus olivine oxidation and/or melt (oxidizing)–olivine interaction. The latter is more probable, considering the partial occurrence of orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene rim adjacent to the symplectites.