- Center for Academic Publications Japan
- Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology (ISSN:03014800)
- vol.68, no.2, pp.97-103, 2022-04-30 (Released:2022-04-30)
We previously reported that the combination of a very high-carbohydrate diet and endurance training increased glucose transporter 4 and glycogen concentration in skeletal muscle. However, it remains unclear whether they also affect the digestive and absorptive capacity in the pancreas and small intestine, which are suggested to be rate-limiting steps in the delivery of exogenous carbohydrates to skeletal muscle and muscle glycogen synthesis. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effects of a very high-carbohydrate diet and endurance training on pancreatic amylase activity and intestinal glucose transporters in rats and to examine the relationship between these adaptations and their influence on muscle glycogen concentration. Male Sprague–Dawley rats (n=29) were fed a high-carbohydrate diet (59% carbohydrate) or a very high-carbohydrate diet (76% carbohydrate) for 4 wk. Half of the rats in each dietary group were subjected to 6-h swimming exercise training (two 3-h sessions separated by 45 min of rest) for 4 wk. Although there was no significant effect of diet or endurance training on sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 and glucose transporter 2 contents in the intestine, the rats fed a very high-carbohydrate diet in combination with endurance training had substantially higher pancreatic amylase activity and muscle glycogen concentration. Furthermore, there was a positive correlation between pancreatic amylase activity and muscle glycogen concentration (r=0.599, p=0.001). In conclusion, intake of a very high-carbohydrate diet and endurance training synergistically elevated carbohydrate digestive capacity, which partially accounted for the higher muscle glycogen accumulation.