著者
Tomohiro ISHIMARU Koji WADA Sara ARPHORN Derek R. SMITH
出版者
(公社)日本産業衛生学会
雑誌
Journal of Occupational Health (ISSN:13419145)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.15-0288-OA, (Released:2016-04-22)
被引用文献数
8

Background: Healthcare workers infected with Hepatitis B (HBV) or Hepatitis C virus (HCV) may perform patient care activities if provider-to-patient transmission risks have been assessed in terms of viral load and clinical procedures. The present study investigated potential barriers for the acceptance of colleagues infected with HBV/HCV in healthcare settings after appropriate risk assessment. Methods: We conducted an anonymous, internet-based survey of Japanese nurses. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to assess factors associated with willingness to accept colleagues infected with HBV/HCV after risk assessment. Results: In total, 992 nurses responded to the survey, with 16% indicating that colleagues infected with HBV/HCV should not have patient contact after risk assessment. Willingness to accept HBV/HCV-infected colleagues was negatively associated with attitudes regarding the avoidance of contact with HBV/HCV-infected colleagues (OR: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.28–0.85). Previous professional contact with HBV/HCV patients (OR: 1.73; 95% CI: 1.36–2.12), experience of accidental injection from or personal exposure to HBV/HCV patients (OR: 2.00; 95% CI: 1.42–2.61), knowledge of HBV/HCV (OR: 2.00; 95% CI: 1.52–2.49), and female sex (OR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.17–2.09) were positively associated with a willingness to accept HBV/HCV-infected colleagues. Conclusions: This study suggests that attitudes regarding the avoidance of contact with HBV/HCV-infected colleagues may be barriers for accepting these colleagues even after risk assessment has been performed. To protect the employment of nurses infected with HBV/HCV, employers should provide comprehensive education for nurses to reduce stigma and improve understanding about the management of staff infected with infectious diseases, such as HBV/HCV.

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Stigma & discrimination are still barriers for acceptance of colleagues infected with #HBV & #HCV in #Japan→https://t.co/YNjlQU1VzW

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