- The Society for Reproduction and Development
- Journal of Reproduction and Development (ISSN:09168818)
- vol.67, no.1, pp.15-23, 2021 (Released:2021-02-15)
Kisspeptin neurons located in the hypothalamic preoptic area (POA) are suggested to be responsible for the induction of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) surge and the following luteinizing hormone (LH) surge to regulate female mammals’ ovulation. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that the preovulatory level of estrogen activates the POA kisspeptin neurons (estrogen positive feedback), which in turn induces a GnRH/LH surge. This study aimed to derive a cell line from goat POA kisspeptin neurons as an in vitro model to analyze the estrogen positive feedback mechanism in ruminants. Neuron-derived cell clones obtained by the immortalization of POA tissue from a female Shiba goat fetus were analyzed for the expression of kisspeptin (KISS1) and estrogen receptor α (ESR1) genes using quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and three cell clones were selected as POA kisspeptin neuron cell line candidates. One cell line (GP64) out of the three clones showed significant increase in the KISS1 level by incubation with estradiol for 24 h, indicating that the GP64 cells mimic endogenous goat POA kisspeptin neurons. The GP64 cells showed immunoreactivities for kisspeptin and estrogen receptor α and retained a stable growth rate throughout three passages. Further, intracellular calcium levels in the GP64 cells were increased by the KCl challenge, indicating their neurosecretory ability. In conclusion, we generated a new KISS1-expressing cell line derived from goat POA. The current GP64 cell line could be a useful model to elucidate the estrogen positive feedback mechanism responsible for the GnRH/LH surge generation in ruminants.