- 日本法政学会法政論叢 (ISSN:03865266)
- vol.36, no.1, pp.58-67, 1999-11-15
Recently, the concern over human rights has gradually spread from the part of individual nations to the whole international community. At the same time in a large part of western countries, i.e. the northen part of Europe and USA, the view of society for homosexuality has become much more tolerant than before. As the result of these facts, the Registered Partnership Act constituted for the first time in Denmark in 1989. Next to it Norway(93), Sweden(94) and Iceland(96)followed introducing similar acts. These laws approved substantial marriage between the same sex and regulated the same legal effects as general marriage with some exceptions. The exceptions are concerned about getting parenthood. One of them is concerned about adoption and guardianship, the other is artificial insemination. The present thesis handles at first the right to marry and found a family from the public international law, i.e. the Universal Declaration, UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, etc. And it takes up the legal position of homosexual persons as to marriage and even more of transsexual persons. According to norms of public international law, the right to marry is not absolute and marriage between the same sex is not recognized. The right to marry and found a family,however, is essential to the pursuit of the individual happiness, therefore their rights should be approved at least in the different form as general marriage as far as it doesn't act against the public interests. And in addition, the attitude of clergy and general people for the homosexuals is mentioned around Sweeden and Denmark.