著者
山越 英嗣
出版者
日本生活学会
雑誌
生活學論叢
巻号頁・発行日
no.25, pp.13-22, 2014-09-30

Nowadays, media frequently focuses on the expansion of poverty among youth in Japan. Usually the conclusion is that this happens because of the collapse of conventional bonds like with the family, local communities, etc. One of the solutions for this problem is to create an informal support association to substitute for conventional systems. This article's main focus is the practice of young people who are managing a "hip hop and street wear" shop at a provincial city. These persons create informal associations called "crew" based on their knowledge of the hip hop culture and by doing that they help each other. The members of the crews are united strongly in specific ways like tattoos. Besides crews, they create another community. Inside of this community, they visit their friend's shop and spend a lot of money. They usually do this practice mutually to circulate money. In previous studies like Hebdige (1979), they described youth subculture as resistance to the dominant culture. However, this paper will argue how some young people manage their life within society with using their subculture skill set.
著者
山越 英嗣
出版者
現代民俗学会
雑誌
現代民俗学研究 (ISSN:18839134)
巻号頁・発行日
no.4, pp.73-82, 2012

Tattoo as a youth subculture has mainly been discussed by sociologists, but also by the areas of anthropology and folklore. The aim of this article is to make ethnography of young Japanese men who have got tattoos. In some recent studies, it has been theorized that young tattooed Japanese men is considered as consumption or an expression of self-satisfaction. In addition, to have a tattoo is normally thought of as a negative personal characteristic in the Japanese society. However, this article shows that the tattoos have various meanings linked to beliefs, memories, stories and affiliations; and they also build strong relationships among their carriers. We can say they are making their own 'world,' in which they share experiences and history through their tattoos. This fits into the framework of Anthony Giddens. This article argues that the carriers of tattoos overcome difficulties by using their camraderie.