- 物語研究 (ISSN:13481622)
- no.13, pp.24-38, 2013-03-31
As a response to the prospectus (shui-bun) of the symposium of Monogatari Kenkyukai in Summer 2012, and with regard to the recent discussion concerning methodology of historiography in Japan, this essay both tries to make the significance of procedure of historical verification clear and criticizes the positivist self-understanding of many historians. It takes up HAGITANI Boku's study of Tosa nikki as an example to show how highly specialized research of traditional Japanese literature has the potential of contributing to the discovery of traces of unrecorded existence of "forgotten ones," and makes us aware of a similar kind of people in the present society, referring to the historical theory of Walter Benjamin's "On the Concept of History." In the aforementioned situation, it isn't a narrative/story, but a Gild (image) that functions as a medium for finding out and expressing the hidden existence of these people. Furthermore, this essay considers what "stories woven in a dynamic interchange of fiction and fact" could mean in the context of the symposium prospectus. The clue is Benjamin's "The Storyteller", which analyses the flexibility and mutability of a story as a tool of communicating one's experience to others. Such a story is able to liberate us from a solid narrative framework of historiography and the novel as a modern genre of literature. With the help of Paul Ricoeur's concept "refiguration," this essay points out that every historical, fictive, and factual/fictive story might change the way of life of the storyteller as well as the listener and reader.