著者
Alfonsus Adrian Hadikusumo Takako Utsumi Mochamad Amin Siti Qamariyah Khairunisa Anittaqwa Istimagfirah Rury Mega Wahyuni Maria Inge Lusida Soetjipto Edhi Rianto Juniastuti Yoshitake Hayashi
出版者
国立感染症研究所 Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 編集委員会
雑誌
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases (ISSN:13446304)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.6, pp.493-499, 2016 (Released:2016-11-22)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
1

Transgender people are at a high risk for sexually transmitted viruses such as hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Moreover, Indonesia has a moderate-to-high rate of HBV infection and rapid epidemic growth of HIV infection; hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can co-occur with HBV and HIV infections. In this study, 10 of 107 individuals (9.3%) were positive for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) and/or HBV DNA, whereas 19 of 101 individuals (18.8%) with negative results for HBsAg were positive for HBV core antibody (anti-HBc). Seven of the 107 individuals (6.5%) were anti-HCV positive, and 16 of the 100 tested samples (16.0%) were HIV positive. Genotype and subtype analyses of all 10 HBV DNA (6 HBsAg positive and 4 anti-HBc positive) strains showed that 3 were of the HBV genotype/HBsAg subtype C/adrq+, one was of C/adw2, and 5 were of B/adw2. The HCV subtype distribution showed that 33.3% were of HCV-1b, and 66.7% were of HCV-3k (n = 6). These distributions differed from those found in the general population of Surabaya, Indonesia. Interestingly, HIV subtype analysis showed a high prevalence of HIV, with possible recombinants of CRF01_AE and subtype B.
著者
Alfonsus Adrian Hadikusumo Takako Utsumi Mochamad Amin Siti Qamariyah Khairunisa Anittaqwa Istimagfirah Rury Mega Wahyuni Maria Inge Lusida Soetjipto Edhi Rianto Juniastuti Yoshitake Hayashi
出版者
国立感染症研究所 Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 編集委員会
雑誌
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases (ISSN:13446304)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JJID.2015.384, (Released:2016-03-18)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
1

Transgender people are at high risk of sexually transmitted viruses such as hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Moreover, Indonesia has a moderate to high rate of HBV infection and a rapid epidemic growth of HIV. Because hepatitis C virus (HCV) can co-occur with HBV and HIV, it was also evaluated in this study. Ten of 107 individuals (9.3%) were Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive and/or HBV DNA positive, whereas nineteen of 101 individuals (18.8%) with negative HBsAg were Hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc)-positive. Seven of 107 individuals (6.5%) were anti-HCV positive, and sixteen of 100 tested samples (16%) were HIV positive. Genotype and subtype analyses of all ten HBV DNA (six HBsAg positive and four anti-HBc positive) strains showed that three were HBV genotype/HBsAg subtype C/adrq+, one was C/adw2, and five were B/adw2. The HCV subtype distribution showed that 33.3% were HCV-1b, and 66.7% were HCV-3k (n=6). These distributions differed from those found in the general population of Surabaya, Indonesia. The HIV subtype analysis showed that, interestingly, a high prevalence of HIV, with possible recombinants of CRF01_AE and subtype B, were found.