- 国立感染症研究所 Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 編集委員会
- Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases (ISSN:13446304)
- vol.66, no.5, pp.375-378, 2013 (Released:2013-09-19)
We conducted a hospital-based descriptive study to describe the changing pattern of patient numbers, characteristics, and mortality rates among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in northern Thailand over 15 years. The survival status on October 31, 2010 of all HIV-infected adults who attended an HIV center in a government hospital between 1995 and 2010 was ascertained. In total, 3,706 patients were registered, 2,118 (57.2%) of which were male. The survival status of 3,439 patients (92.9%) was available. In addition, 1,543 deaths were identified out of 12,858 person-year-observations (PYO) resulting in a mortality rate of 12.4 deaths/100 PYO (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.3–13.0). An initial decline in mortality rates was observed prior to 1999, probably because of an increase in the proportion of less symptomatic patients. After the introduction of the national highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) program, a profound decline in mortality rates was observed, reaching 2.0 deaths/100 PYO (95% CI, 1.4–2.9) in 2010. Simultaneously, the number of patients on follow-up increased by nearly fourfold. Although HAART has drastically improved the survival of HIV-infected patients, the number of patients receiving therapy at this HIV clinic has substantially increased. While referral of HIV patients to general physicians' care should be urged, we cannot overemphasize the importance of preventing new HIV infections.