著者
Avril H. Underwood Ilka Straehler-Pohl Teresa J. Carrette Jessica Sleeman Jamie E. Seymour
出版者
The Plankton Society of Japan, The Japanese Association of Benthology
雑誌
Plankton and Benthos Research (ISSN:18808247)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.4, pp.143-153, 2018-11-21 (Released:2018-11-14)
参考文献数
71

This research presents the early life history stages of Malo maxima, a recently described tropical Australian cubozoan from the family Carukiidae, from sexual fertilisation to metamorphosis including planula, polyp, asexual reproductive strategies and young medusa. We discuss the similarities between M. maxima and two closely related carukiid species from Japan and Australia including morphology and behaviours previously undocumented in the class Cubozoa. All three carukiids can reproduce by mono-disk strobilation, a strategy common to all other orders of the class Scyphozoa but only recently described in Cubozoa.
著者
Ilka Straehler-Pohl George I. Matsumoto Melisa J. Acevedo
出版者
日本プランクトン学会、日本ベントス学会
雑誌
Plankton and Benthos Research (ISSN:18808247)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.2, pp.129-138, 2017-05-30 (Released:2017-06-06)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
1

A lot of confusion (over the last 90 years) surrounds the naming of the Californian carybdeid population, sighted near La Jolla and Santa Barbara, since its first description by Stiasny in 1922. The specimens were first identified as Carybdea rastonii and later as Carybdea marsupialis but the identification was doubted by several scientists. To clear up the confusion, specimens of the Californian population were compared to specimens of all known carybdeid species. This comparison revealed that the Californian population represents an undescribed carybdeid species, named Carybdea confusa n. sp., being identified by the combination of the following characters: Gastric phacellae (single rooted, single stemmed), velarial canals (2 velarial canal roots/octant; canals multiple-branched with rounded tips) and pedalial canal (knee bend with thorn-like appendage).