著者
Tomoko Sakai Chisato Hoshino Masanobu Hirao Reiko Yamaguchi Rui Nakahara Atsushi Okawa
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.20210013, 2021 (Released:2021-03-04)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
7

Objectives: The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics and efficiency of rehabilitation for patients diagnosed with moderate-to-severe coronavirus disease (COVID-19).Methods: We retrospectively assessed the medical records of patients with COVID-19 who underwent rehabilitation for early mobilization and to maintain activities of daily living at our hospital between April 21 and August 20, 2020. The following patient data were evaluated: age, sex, diseases, and the total number of sessions completed by patients with severe COVID-19 in the intensive care unit (ICU) and by patients with moderate disease in the general COVID-19 wards. The number of daily sessions performed by physiotherapists was also evaluated.Results: Of 161 patients with COVID-19 admitted during the study period, 95 underwent rehabilitation (78 in the general COVID-19 wards and 17 in the ICU). These 95 COVID-19 patients completed 1035 rehabilitation sessions in total (882 in the general ward and 153 in the ICU). Polymerase chain reaction test results for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were positive for 79 patients on the initiation of rehabilitation. Moreover, 86 sessions were supervised remotely, thereby reducing the duration of the medical staff’s stay in the SARS-CoV-2 isolation area. Patients with COVID-19 in the ICU received significantly more daily physiotherapy sessions than general ward patients (P<0.001). Each physiotherapist performed, on average, 4.6 sessions daily, with 4.3 daily sessions being performed wearing personal protective equipment (PPE).Conclusions: COVID-19 rehabilitation required more efforts as wearing PPE was necessary for most cases although tried with remote rehabilitation in some cases. Overall, a longer rehabilitation period was needed for ICU patients.
著者
Emily Suzuki Tomoko Sakai Chisato Hoshino Masanobu Hirao Reiko Yamaguchi Rui Nakahara
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.20200018, 2020 (Released:2020-08-13)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
2

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patients, including risk factors for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and to evaluate the need for rehabilitation to prevent pulmonary embolism.Methods: A retrospective medical record review was conducted of patients admitted to the study hospital with COVID-19 between April 2 and April 23, 2020. The clinical characteristics and blood test results of patients with no history on admission of oral anticoagulant use were evaluated to assess the importance of inflammation and clotting function as risk factors for pulmonary embolism.Results: A total of 51 patients with COVID-19 were admitted during the study period. Their median age was 54.0 years (range: 41–63 years) and 38 of 51 (74.5%) were men. The most common comorbidities in men were diabetes (9/38, 23.7%) and hypertension (13/38, 34.2%). On admission, white blood cell counts were normal in both sexes, whereas C-reactive protein and hemostatic marker levels, except for the activated partial thromboplastin time, were significantly higher in men. Moreover, C-reactive protein and hemostatic marker levels were significantly higher in patients that required invasive ventilation. Two patients were diagnosed with acute pulmonary embolism, neither of whom required invasive ventilation.Conclusions: Hypercoagulability and hyperinflammation were observed in COVID-19 patients, especially in men with high oxygen demand. We recommend anticoagulant therapy and early rehabilitation intervention to prevent pulmonary embolism in COVID-19 patients.