著者
Yuki Yoshimatsu Kazunori Tobino Saori Nishizawa Kohei Yoshimine Yoshitaka Oku
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220007, 2022 (Released:2022-02-17)
参考文献数
19

Objectives: Swallowing function is affected in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), putting them at risk of exacerbation of COPD. We previously reported the effectiveness of the repetitive saliva swallowing test (RSST) in screening for patients at risk of COPD exacerbation. However, evidence on how to improve swallowing function in this population is extremely limited. Interferential current transcutaneous electrical sensory stimulation (IFC-TESS) stimulates the larynx and pharynx, thereby improving their sensory function. IFC-TESS is an emerging tool to enhance airway protection and increase swallowing frequency; however, its safety and efficacy in patients with COPD is unknown. Therefore, we performed a preliminary prospective study focusing on stable COPD patients.Methods: Patients with stable COPD who were hospitalized for yearly evaluation were recruited. Patients were included if their RSST was 5 or less. Nurses carried out IFC-TESS twice daily for 10 days. Swallow screening results were compared before and after the 10-day intervention.Results: Ten patients were included in the study. The IFC-TESS intervention was performed safely. Patients and nurses reported no discomfort or concerns regarding the intervention. The EAT-10 and RSST scores improved significantly after the intervention, and tongue pressure also tended to improve.Conclusions: IFC-TESS may be a promising intervention to improve swallowing in patients with COPD who are easily fatigued and struggle to perform swallowing exercises.
著者
Yoshiyuki Yoshikawa Terutaka Hiramatsu Masaharu Sugimoto Mikiko Uemura Yuki Mori Ryoko Ichibori
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220045, 2022 (Released:2022-09-07)
参考文献数
37

Objectives: This double-blind crossover-controlled trial aimed to verify the effect of electrical stimulation therapy on pressure injuries with undermining.Methods : In this trial, we compared the healing rates between a sham period and a treatment period using monophasic pulsed microcurrent therapy. The participants were randomly assigned to the sham or treatment group and received stimulation for 2 weeks. All the participants, physical therapists, and researchers were blinded to the allocation. For the main analysis, data on the effect of the intervention on changes in weekly healing and contraction rates of the wound areas, including undermining, were analyzed based on a two-period crossover study design. The intervention effect was estimated by examining the mean treatment difference for each period using Wilcoxon’s signed-rank test.Results : The reduction of the entire wound area, including the undermining area, resulted in significantly higher healing and contraction rates in the treatment group (overall wound area reduction rate: contraction rate, P=0.008; period healing rate, P=0.002).Conclusions : Electrical stimulation therapy for pressure injuries, using conditions based on the findings of an in vivo culture study, was effective in reducing the wound area.
著者
Yoshihiro Yoshimura Takahiro Bise Fumihiko Nagano Sayuri Shimazu Ai Shiraishi Makio Yamaga Hiroaki Koga
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.20180011, 2018 (Released:2018-05-18)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
1 30

Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate how systemic inflammation relates to sarcopenia and its impact on functional outcomes in the recovery stages of stroke. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed in consecutive patients admitted to convalescent rehabilitation wards following stroke. Patients with acute or chronic high-grade inflammatory diseases were excluded. Systemic inflammation was evaluated using the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS). Sarcopenia was defined as a loss of skeletal muscle mass and decreased muscle strength, with the cut-off values set by the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. The primary outcome was the motor domain of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM-motor). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine whether mGPS was associated with sarcopenia and FIM-motor at discharge. Results: The study included 204 patients (mean age 74.1 years, 109 men). mGPS scores of 0, 1, and 2 were assigned to 149 (73.0%), 40 (19.6%), and 13 (6.4%) patients, respectively. Sarcopenia was diagnosed in 81 (39.7%) patients and was independently associated with stroke history (odds ratio [OR] 1.890, P=0.027), premorbid modified Rankin scale (OR 1.520, P=0.040), body mass index (OR 0.858, P=0.022), and mGPS score (OR 1.380, P=0.021). Furthermore, the mGPS score was independently associated with sarcopenia (OR 1.380, P=0.021) and FIM-motor at discharge (β=−0.131, P=0.031). Conclusion: Systemic inflammation is closely associated with sarcopenia and poor functional outcomes in the recovery stage of stroke. Early detection of systemic inflammation and sarcopenia can help promote both adequate exercise and nutritional support to restore muscle mass and improve post-stroke functional recovery.
著者
Yoshihiro Yoshimura Ayaka Matsumoto Ryo Momosaki
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220025, 2022 (Released:2022-05-14)
参考文献数
133
被引用文献数
3

Pharmacotherapy is important in older patients undergoing rehabilitation because such patients, especially those with frailty and physical disabilities, are susceptible to drug-related functional impairment. Drug-related problems include polypharmacy, potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs), and potential prescription omissions. These problems are associated with adverse drug events such as dysphagia, depression, drowsiness, falls and fractures, incontinence, decreased appetite, and Parkinson’s syndrome, leading to impaired improvement in activities of daily living (ADL), quality of life (QOL), and nutritional status. Moreover, the anticholinergic burden is associated with impaired physical and cognitive functions. Therefore, pharmacist-centered multidisciplinary pharmacotherapy should be performed to maximize rehabilitation outcomes. Pharmacotherapy includes a review of all medications, the assessment of drug-related problems, goal setting, correction of polypharmacy and PIMs, monitoring of drug prescriptions, and reassessment of drug-related problems. The goal of pharmacotherapy in rehabilitation medicine is to optimize drug prescribing and to maximize the improvement of ADL and QOL as patient outcomes. The role of pharmacists during rehabilitation is to treat patients as part of multidisciplinary teams and as key members of nutritional support teams. In this review, we aim to highlight existing evidence regarding pharmacotherapy in older adults, including drug-related functional impairment and the association between pharmacotherapy and functional, cognitive, and nutritional outcomes among patients undergoing rehabilitation. In addition, we highlight the important role of pharmacists in maximizing improvements in rehabilitation outcomes and minimizing drug-related adverse effects.
著者
Shinichi Watanabe Yasunari Morita Shuichi Suzuki Kaito Kochi Mika Ohno Keibun Liu Yuki Iida
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.20210054, 2021 (Released:2021-12-29)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
1

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the Rehabilitation Activity Time score (RATs)—a score based on the level and duration of rehabilitation activities—of ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) and activities of daily living (ADL) dependence at discharge.Methods: This retrospective, single-center study evaluated patients aged >18 years who underwent mechanical ventilation in the ICU for at least 48 h. The patients were categorized into the low- and high-dose rehabilitation groups based on the median RATs. The primary outcome was the rate of ADL dependence at discharge, defined as a Barthel index of <70. The association between low or high doses of rehabilitation and the primary outcome was assessed using multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted by baseline factors.Results: The rate of ADL dependence at discharge was significantly lower in the high-dose rehabilitation group (low dose 81% vs. high dose 22%, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed a significantly lower ADL dependence at discharge among those who received high-dose rehabilitation (P<0.001). Increased RATs during the entire ICU admission period and during ICU admission after meeting the criteria for physiological stability was significantly associated with lower ADL dependence at discharge (P<0.001). Moreover, a higher RATs from low-level activity before meeting the criteria for physiological stability also showed a significant association with lower ADL dependence at discharge (P=0.047).Conclusions: ADL dependence was significantly lower among those who underwent high-dose rehabilitation. The RATs was consistently associated with ADL dependence at discharge.
著者
Masahiro Iwakura Masahiko Wakasa Kazuki Okura Atsuyoshi Kawagoshi Keiyu Sugawara Hitomi Takahashi Takanobu Shioya
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.20210008, 2021 (Released:2021-02-06)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
1

Objectives: We aimed to identify the quadriceps muscle strength (QMS) thresholds below which exercise capacity is compromised in men with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods: We measured the quadriceps isometric maximum voluntary contraction (QMVC) and calculated the QMVC values normalized to weight (QMVC-BW), height squared (QMVC-H2), and body mass index (QMVC-BMI) in 113 patients with COPD. The functional exercise capacity was evaluated using the 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), and 6MWD <350 m was defined as functional exercise intolerance. Thresholds were determined for QMVC and its normalized values to achieve high specificity (>0.90) with maximal sensitivity. P-values <0.01 were considered statistically significant.Results: Data from 99 male patients (age, 74 ± 6 years; percentages of predicted forced expiratory volume in 1-s, 56.9 ± 26.4%) were analyzed; 3 women and 11 participants with the missing data were excluded. Multivariate logistic regression models identified significant associations of QMVC and QMVC-H2 with 6MWD, after adjustment for age and dyspnea. C-statistics showed that the area under the curves of all QMVC parameters were comparable. The thresholds of QMVC and QMVC-H2 for predicting compromised exercise capacity were 26.2 kg and 9.6 kg/m2, respectively.Conclusions: QMS thresholds in men with COPD could help clinicians evaluate whether QMS is insufficient to achieve 6MWD ≥350 m and thereby identify patients who should be specifically targeted for muscle strengthening training during their pulmonary rehabilitation program.
著者
Nobuyuki Sano Makoto Kyougoku
出版者
公益社団法人 日本リハビリテーション医学会
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.20170003, 2017 (Released:2017-02-25)
参考文献数
29

Objective: Elderly people’s success in attaining rehabilitation goals may be heavily dependent on their achievement motive, but research has not identified the factors that impact on achievement motive or suggested any effective interventions to enhance it. This study demonstrated the effects of personality traits, theories of intelligence, and other factors on achievement motive among community-dwelling elderly people. Methods: The dataset consisted of questionnaire responses from 281 elderly people in day-service or day-care centers. A hypothetical model, based on previous research, proposed that achievement motive would be affected by personality traits, theory of intelligence, and other factors (such as drinking and smoking habits, going out for activities, marital status, and hobbies); that personality traits would have some effect on the theory of intelligence and other factors; and that the theory of intelligence would affect personal factors. The hypothetical model was analyzed using a structural equation modeling approach. Results: The model was modified by removing statistically insignificant paths to achievement motive. The modified model exhibited an excellent fit and showed that achievement motive was affected by personality traits, going out for activities, and marital status (although, surprisingly, single people had stronger achievement motive). The model had an adjusted R2 of 0.593 (P < 0.001) for achievement motive. Conclusion: The results indicated that three of the Big Five personality traits (extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness to experience) tend to enhance elderly people’s motivation to achieve their goals; moreover, going out more frequently and being single were also associated with achievement motive.
著者
Tomoko Sakai Chisato Hoshino Masanobu Hirao Reiko Yamaguchi Rui Nakahara Atsushi Okawa
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.20210013, 2021 (Released:2021-03-04)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
3

Objectives: The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics and efficiency of rehabilitation for patients diagnosed with moderate-to-severe coronavirus disease (COVID-19).Methods: We retrospectively assessed the medical records of patients with COVID-19 who underwent rehabilitation for early mobilization and to maintain activities of daily living at our hospital between April 21 and August 20, 2020. The following patient data were evaluated: age, sex, diseases, and the total number of sessions completed by patients with severe COVID-19 in the intensive care unit (ICU) and by patients with moderate disease in the general COVID-19 wards. The number of daily sessions performed by physiotherapists was also evaluated.Results: Of 161 patients with COVID-19 admitted during the study period, 95 underwent rehabilitation (78 in the general COVID-19 wards and 17 in the ICU). These 95 COVID-19 patients completed 1035 rehabilitation sessions in total (882 in the general ward and 153 in the ICU). Polymerase chain reaction test results for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were positive for 79 patients on the initiation of rehabilitation. Moreover, 86 sessions were supervised remotely, thereby reducing the duration of the medical staff’s stay in the SARS-CoV-2 isolation area. Patients with COVID-19 in the ICU received significantly more daily physiotherapy sessions than general ward patients (P<0.001). Each physiotherapist performed, on average, 4.6 sessions daily, with 4.3 daily sessions being performed wearing personal protective equipment (PPE).Conclusions: COVID-19 rehabilitation required more efforts as wearing PPE was necessary for most cases although tried with remote rehabilitation in some cases. Overall, a longer rehabilitation period was needed for ICU patients.
著者
Yumi Yamada Hiroshi Shamoto Keisuke Maeda Hidetaka Wakabayashi
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.20180019, 2018 (Released:2018-11-20)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
5

Background: Sarcopenic dysphagia is caused by decreased muscle mass and muscle weakness in the swallowing muscles that occurs because of sarcopenia. The key to treating sarcopenic dysphagia is combined therapy with rehabilitation and aggressive nutrition management. However, to our knowledge, no studies based in a home medical care setting have yet been published. Case: A 72-year-old man with Parkinson’s disease developed sarcopenia and possible sarcopenic dysphagia during hospitalization for drug adjustment. At discharge, the patient’s body weight was 39.0 kg (−33.8%/4 months, body mass index: 15.3 kg/m2), the Barthel Index was 45, Functional Oral Intake Scale was level 4, and Dysphagia Severity Scale was 4. Sarcopenia was confirmed by a calf circumference of 23.8 cm, a handgrip strength of 22 kg, and a gait speed of 0.5 m/s. The patient was diagnosed with sarcopenic dysphagia, according to the consensus diagnostic criteria for sarcopenic dysphagia. After the patient was discharged, he underwent a combination of dysphagia rehabilitation, daily activity training, and aggressive nutrition management, which started from 1200 kcal/day and reached a maximum of 2800 kcal/day. Four months after discharge, the patient’s swallowing function returned to normal (Functional Oral Intake Scale: 7, Dysphagia Severity Scale: 6) and his weight increased by 31% (body mass index: 20.1 kg/m2). Increases in muscle mass (calf circumference: 32 cm), muscle strength (handgrip strength: 34 kg), physical function (gait speed: 1 m/s), and activities of daily living (Barthel Index: 90) indicated recovery from sarcopenia. Discussion: Sarcopenic dysphagia may be a complication of Parkinson’s disease, and home-based combined therapy with rehabilitation and aggressive nutrition management may be effective for treating this condition.
著者
Kyohei Omon Masahiko Hara Hideo Ishikawa
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.20190011, 2019 (Released:2019-05-31)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
10

Background: Virtual reality (VR) technology has been recently introduced in a variety of clinical settings, such as physical, occupational, cognitive, and psychological rehabilitation or training. However, the clinical efficacy of VR rehabilitation compared with traditional training techniques remains to be elucidated. Case: A 90-year-old man underwent VR-guided, dual-task, body trunk balance training in the sitting position using a newly developed medical device (mediVR KAGURA, mediVR, Inc., Toyonaka, Japan) after his physical activity level had plateaued. The patient had difficulty in walking outside the hospital even after having undergone traditional physical training. VR-guided training was performed for 40 min every weekday for 2 weeks. Trunk balance training was performed using reaching tasks, and cognitive stimulation was designed to emulate the cognitive processing involved when walking in a city or town. After the VR-guided training, the patient’s 6-min walk distance improved from 430 m to 500 m even though there had been no improvement in muscle strength of the lower extremities. Furthermore, the patient could successfully walk outside the hospital without falling or colliding with obstacles. Discussion: It is noteworthy that the patient’s walking ability improved further by the addition of VR-guided, dual-task, trunk balance training carried out in the sitting position. This finding suggests several possible new approaches to overcoming walking disability. Walking requires lower-extremity muscle strength, postural balance, and dual-task processing. Currently, no effective quantitative methods have been identified for postural balance and dual-task training with the patient in the sitting position. Herein, we discuss the possible advantages of VR-guided rehabilitation over traditional training methods.
著者
Yuki Choji Ryuji Kobayashi
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.20200001, 2020 (Released:2020-01-30)
参考文献数
35

Objective: The success of a client-centred practice depends on the relationship between the client and therapist and on their ability to make constructive decisions together, particularly in the field of occupational therapy. The aim of this study was to develop a Occupational Therapy Collaborative Relationship Scale (OTCRS) to measure the quality of such interaction. Methods: This work included constructing a draft questionnaire and testing its validity and reliability. A Rasch analysis was applied to determine its validity, and several tests were used to confirm its internal consistency. Results: After reviewing more than 130 scientific papers and books, we built explicit selection criteria for issues to be addressed in this instrument, and we developed 40 questions to be included. These were analysed using a standard content validation process and a Rasch analysis to examine confirmation validity. A nine-item scale was finalised for testing (OTCRS-9). This review process revealed the validity, high internal consistency, and item/person separation reliability of OTCRS-9. Conclusion: This study presents only the initial phase of scale development. As suggested by the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN), the OTCRS-9 score should be tested further for validity and reliability and should also be conducted in subjects of other ethnicities to improve its generalizability.
著者
Masako Kishima Hidetaka Wakabayashi Hideaki Kanazawa Masataka Itoda Toshio Nishikimi
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.20180020, 2018 (Released:2018-12-11)
参考文献数
12

Background: Dysphagia occurs often after oral cancer surgery. However, no case of dysphagia in combination with cerebral hemorrhage, tongue defect, and sarcopenia has been reported. We describe the case of a 70-year-old man with dysphagia associated with a cerebral hemorrhage, tongue defect, and sarcopenia who received rehabilitation nutrition and underwent glottal closure. Case: At age 48 years, the patient had the left part of his tongue removed because of cancer. Twenty-two years later, he developed dysphagia and right hemiplegia after a cerebral hemorrhage. The patient was diagnosed with sarcopenia based on a low left handgrip strength (10 kg) and reduced calf circumference (26.5 cm). The patient’s Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) score was 1, and his tongue muscle mass indicated atrophy, making the maximum tongue pressure difficult to measure. Palatal augmentation prostheses (PAP) were made to increase swallowing and tongue pressures, and nutritional intake was changed from nasal tube feeding to a gastric fistula. Nutritional intake was increased to 2400 kcal/day and protein intake to 96 g/day. Although rehabilitation nutrition using PAP improved the patient’s nutritional status, the dysphagia did not improve, and therefore he underwent glottal closure. This resulted in a weight gain of 13.7 kg and increased tongue muscle strength and volume. The patient’s FOIS score increased to 7 (i.e., total oral diet with no restrictions) at 5 months after discharge. Discussion: Glottic closure surgery may be useful for improving oral ingestion, nutritional status, and activities of daily living.Background: Dysphagia occurs often after oral cancer surgery. However, no case of dysphagia in combination with cerebral hemorrhage, tongue defect, and sarcopenia has been reported. We describe the case of a 70-year-old man with dysphagia associated with a cerebral hemorrhage, tongue defect, and sarcopenia who received rehabilitation nutrition and underwent glottal closure. Case: At age 48 years, the patient had the left part of his tongue removed because of cancer. Twenty-two years later, he developed dysphagia and right hemiplegia after a cerebral hemorrhage. The patient was diagnosed with sarcopenia based on a low left handgrip strength (10 kg) and reduced calf circumference (26.5 cm). The patient’s Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) score was 1, and his tongue muscle mass indicated atrophy, making the maximum tongue pressure difficult to measure. Palatal augmentation prostheses (PAP) were made to increase swallowing and tongue pressures, and nutritional intake was changed from nasal tube feeding to a gastric fistula. Nutritional intake was increased to 2400 kcal/day and protein intake to 96 g/day. Although rehabilitation nutrition using PAP improved the patient’s nutritional status, the dysphagia did not improve, and therefore he underwent glottal closure. This resulted in a weight gain of 13.7 kg and increased tongue muscle strength and volume. The patient’s FOIS score increased to 7 (i.e., total oral diet with no restrictions) at 5 months after discharge. Discussion: Glottic closure surgery may be useful for improving oral ingestion, nutritional status, and activities of daily living.
著者
Walter R. Frontera
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220044, 2022 (Released:2022-09-03)
参考文献数
84

The 20th and 21st centuries have witnessed a substantial increase in human life expectancy and in the number of men and women aged 60 years and older. Aging is associated with a large number of health conditions, including sarcopenia, which has been the subject of important research in the past 30 years. Sarcopenia is characterized by an age-related loss of muscle mass, weakness, and impaired physical performance. The condition can be diagnosed with a combination of measurements of these three elements. The precise definition of sarcopenia and the selection of optimal assessment methods have changed significantly in the past 20 years; nonetheless, the prevalence of sarcopenia in the general older population is in the range of 5–15%. Molecular and cellular events at the muscle cell level impact the size and quality of muscles (force adjusted for size). The active and passive mechanical properties of single muscle fibers are altered by changes in the structure and function of various cellular elements. Systemic factors such as inflammation, loss of hormonal influence, and deleterious lifestyle choices also contribute to sarcopenia. The consequences of sarcopenia include many adverse effects such as impairments in activities of daily living, falls, loss of independence, and increased mortality. Several rehabilitative interventions have been tested, and the safest and most effective is the use of progressive resistance exercise. An increase in dietary protein intake has synergistic effects. Future research should focus on a consensus definition of sarcopenia, identification of the best assessment methods, understanding of biological mechanisms, and testing of innovative interventions.
著者
Aki Tabata Hiroki Yabe Yuya Mitake Tomohiro Shirai Marina Yoshida Rie Kurosu Ken Kawamura
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220040, 2022 (Released:2022-08-10)
参考文献数
31

Background: Exercise therapy for patients with pediatric nephrotic syndrome is necessary to improve physical function to maintain the patient’s activities of daily life and school life while managing the risk of relapse; however, few studies have examined exercise therapy in the acute phase of the syndrome. This case study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of exercise therapy in a patient with acute pediatric nephrotic syndrome being treated with steroids.Case: The patient was a 10-year-old boy diagnosed with primary nephrotic syndrome. Prednisolone (50 mg) was started on the 3rd day of hospitalization. Exercise therapy (moderate-intensity, 40 min, five times a week) was started on the 15th day. The urine protein/creatinine ratio from the 15th day (at the start of rehabilitation) to discharge decreased from 1.1  to 0.4, with no recurrence of nephrotic syndrome. At the initial, middle, and final evaluations, respectively, the grip strength was 10.1, 8.9, and 8.3 kg; the knee extension strength was 0.38, 0.46, and 0.45 kgf/kg; the sit-up test results were 18, 18, and 15 times; the side-step test results were 34, 36, and 31 times; the sit-and-reach test results were 22.9, 24.5, and 23.8 cm; and the 6-min walk test results were 420, 490, and 520 m. Leg muscle strength and exercise tolerance improved, but upper limb strength, trunk muscle strength, and agility decreased.Discussion: Moderate-intensity exercises may be effective and safe for pediatric patients with nephrotic syndrome in the acute phase. Exercise therapy may be beneficial to improve physical function and prevent decline during hospitalization in pediatric nephrotic syndrome patients.
著者
Minori Kurosaki Masahiko Tosaka Yoko Ibe Hironori Arii Junichi Tomono Masayuki Tazawa Tatsuya Shimizu Masanori Aihara Yuhei Yoshimoto Naoki Wada
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220039, 2022 (Released:2022-08-04)
参考文献数
27

Objectives: Stroke patients with hemiplegia can sometimes achieve independent life at home or in light care facilities after rehabilitation. This study examined the outcomes of rehabilitation in stroke patients with severe hemiplegia.Methods: This study included 50 patients with Brunnstrom recovery stage I–II hemiplegia at the start of rehabilitation for stroke. Good outcome after rehabilitation was defined as independent life with functional independence measure (FIM) score of 100 or greater. Predictors for post-rehabilitation functional recovery were statistically analyzed.Results: FIM scores of 100 or greater in 12 of 50 patients (24%) allowed independent life after stroke rehabilitation. According to univariate analysis, factors associated with a FIM score of 100 or greater and good prognosis after rehabilitation were younger age (<70 years), paralysis caused by intracerebral hematoma (ICH), no cortical lesions, short time from admission to comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation (CIR) for stroke (within 1 month), and good status at the start of early rehabilitation and CIR. Eleven of the 12 patients with good prognosis (FIM ≥100) had ICH and a basal ganglia lesion with no cortical damage. Analysis of the location of lesions suggested that many patients with basal ganglia ICH lesions and little cortical involvement have good prognoses.Conclusions: Stroke patients with severe hemiplegia showed a slightly different distribution of lesions between ICH and cerebral ischemia. Cortical involvement may be a prognostic factor for outcome after rehabilitation in stroke patients with severe hemiplegia. More aggressive rehabilitation interventions may be important for patients with severe hemiplegia, especially without cortical involvement.
著者
Hideki Arai Naoya Ikegawa Masafumi Nozoe Kuniyasu Kamiya Satoru Matsumoto
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220003, 2022 (Released:2022-01-29)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1

Objective: The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between the skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and the convalescent rehabilitation ward achievement index (CRWAI) in older patients with functional impairment.Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at a single rehabilitation center in Japan to include patients admitted to the convalescent rehabilitation ward because of neurological disease, motor disorder, or disuse syndrome. Patients with missing SMI data, those who died or were transferred to other hospitals due to comorbidities, those aged less than 65 years, and those hospitalized for <7 days were excluded from the study. We divided patients into two groups based on their SMI – the high SMI group (SMI ≥7.0 kg/m2 in men and SMI ≥5.7 kg/m2 in women) and the low SMI group (SMI <7.0 kg/m2 in men and SMI <5.7 kg/m2 in women); we then evaluated the association between SMI and the CRWAI score.Results: Of the 319 recruited patients, 84 (26%) were in the high SMI group. The medians and interquartile ranges of the CRWAI scores in the high SMI and low SMI groups were 38.6 (23.1–61) and 31.8 (10.1–57.5), respectively (P=0.029). A high SMI was independently and negatively associated with the CRWAI score (β=− 0.16, P=0.014).Conclusions: Our study showed that a high SMI was an independent factor negatively influencing the CRWAI score in older patients in a convalescent rehabilitation ward.
著者
Masahiko Hara Tetsuhisa Kitamura Yuichiro Murakawa Kyosuke Shimba Shimpei Yamaguchi Masatake Tamaki
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.20180016, 2018 (Released:2018-10-24)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
10

Objective: The ability to walk is one of the most important basic functional activities of daily living, and the number of patients with walking disability who need rehabilitation is increasing worldwide. The purpose of this first-in-man study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of an off-label, tailor-made, dual-task rehabilitation program for body trunk balance using the mediVR01 system (mediVR, Inc. Osaka, Japan), which incorporates virtual reality (VR) and three-dimensional tracking technologies. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 31 healthy volunteers to take part in the trial (Trial Registration UMIN000029659). After an assessment of body trunk balance, a tailor-made, dual-task, rehabilitation training program lasting 10–15 min was provided. The primary endpoint was the postprocedural number of simulator sickness questionnaire (SSQ) symptoms. The secondary endpoints were adverse events and satisfaction with the program. Results: The median age of participants was 68 years, with 67.7% being elderly (>65 years) and 54.8% being male. The number of SSQ symptoms immediately after the rehabilitation programs significantly increased from 0 (interquartile range 0–0) to 0 (0–1.5) (P=0.009), with a significant difference between the young and elderly participants (P-interaction<0.001). The most frequent symptom was sweating (22.6%), followed by fatigue (19.4%). All participants successfully completed the rehabilitation programs without significant adverse events such as fall or injuries. Moreover, all participants considered the VR rehabilitation programs to be enjoyable, and 93.5% of participants reported a sense of achievement. Group attendance was associated with higher levels of satisfaction (P=0.049). Conclusion: The tailor-made, dual-task rehabilitation training programs for body trunk balance using VR and three-dimensional tracking technologies were safe and feasible even for elderly participants.
著者
Mayumi Matsuda Kuroda Nobuaki Iwasaki Kenichi Yoshikawa Ryoko Takeuchi Yuki Mataki Tomohiro Nakayama Junko Nakayama Haruka Ohguro Kayo Tokeji Hirotaka Mutsuzaki
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220050, 2022 (Released:2022-09-15)
参考文献数
29

Background: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) improves the motor function of paralyzed upper limbs of adults after stroke. However, in patients with severe spastic cerebral palsy (CP), the use of CIMT is not warranted. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of repetitive voluntary-assisted upper limb training (VAUT) for three patients with severe CP using a combination of robotics [Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL)] and functional electrical stimulation [Integrated Volitional Control Electrical Stimulation (IVES)].Case: Three patients with CP were enrolled. Patients 1, 2, and 3 were 8-, 19-, and 18-year-old males, respectively. Patient 1 had spastic hemiplegia, while patients 2 and 3 had spastic quadriplegia. VAUT using single-joint HAL was performed for 1 or 2 sessions/month for 50 min/session over an 8-month period for 9–13 sessions in total. One patient’s voluntary hand movement was insufficient, affecting his upper limb exercise performance; therefore, IVES was required in addition to HAL. Outcome measures included motor function of the upper limbs and use of paralyzed hands, which were measured before and after intervention. No adverse events were observed during VAUT. After intervention, the Action Research Arm Test scores showed improvements in all three patients. The Children’s Hand-use Experience Questionnaire showed improvements in two patients.Discussion: The use of VAUT, together with new systems such as HAL and IVES, for severe CP is safe and may be effective. Our study suggested that upper limb function can be improved for patients with severe CP.
著者
Narumi Watanabe Yohei Otaka Masashi Kumagai Kunitsugu Kondo Eiji Shimizu
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220046, 2022 (Released:2022-09-09)
参考文献数
21

Objectives: This study examined whether the reliability of the Nine Hole Peg Test (NHPT) is improved by a modification (mNHPT) that confines the peg insertion/removal order to one way to reduce the degree of freedom of spatial strategies.Methods: Participants performed the NHPT and mNHPT three times each in two sessions with an interval of 3–5 days. Healthy adults used their non-dominant hand (n=40), while those with hemiparetic stroke used their affected (n=40) or unaffected hand (n=40). The mean value of three trials from each session was used for analyses. The reliabilities of the NHPT and mNHPT during the two sessions were assessed via intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and Bland–Altman analysis.Results: The ICCs of the NHPT and mNHPT were 0.49 and 0.66, respectively, in healthy participants, and 0.91 and 0.94, respectively, in participants with stroke, regardless of the hand used. A significant fixed bias between the sessions was observed in both tests, except for participants with stroke who used their affected hand. Proportional biases were noted in the mNHPT results of healthy participants and in the NHPT and mNHPT results of participants with stroke who used their affected hand. The limits of agreement (lower, upper) in the affected hand were −11.0 and 9.5 for the NHPT and −8.0 and 6.2 for the mNHPT.Conclusions: Reduced degrees of freedom in the spatial strategy improved the relative reliability and reduced measurement errors in the NHPT. However, fixed and proportional biases were still evident.