著者
Shuichi Tanoue Masaru Hirohata Yasuharu Takeuchi Kimihiko Orito Sosho Kajiwara Toshi Abe
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.12, pp.547-557, 2020 (Released:2020-12-20)
参考文献数
30

The cavernous sinus (CS) is a dural sinus located on each side of the pituitary fossa. Neoplastic and vascular lesions, such as arteriovenous fistulas, frequently involve the CS. This sinus plays a role as a crossroad receiving venous blood flow from the facial, orbital, meningeal, and neural venous tributaries. The relationship between these surrounding relevant veins and the CS, as well as the CS itself, varies anatomically. For safe and effective surgical and endovascular treatment of lesions involving the CS, knowledge of the anatomy and variations of the CS and the relevant surrounding veins is highly important. In this section, the anatomy and variations of the CS and the relevant surrounding veins are outlined.
著者
Kimihiko Orito Sosyo Kajiwara Yasuharu Takeuchi Kiyohiko Sakata Toshi Abe Shuichi Tanoue Yusuke Uchiyama Masaru Hirohata Motohiro Morioka
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.oa.2021-0106, (Released:2022-08-10)
参考文献数
11

Objective: The mechanism of transient cortical blindness after endovascular treatment—a rare phenomenon—has not been elucidated; however, it is assumed to be related to contrast medium leakage (CML). We investigated the relationship between postoperative CML and cortical blindness in patients who underwent endovascular treatment for vascular lesions of posterior circulation.Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 28 patients who underwent endovascular treatment for posterior circulation aneurysms at our hospital between January 2014 and December 2018. Cerebral CT was performed immediately after endovascular treatment and 24 h later. CT images were retrospectively evaluated with special interest in the presence and distribution of leakage of the contrast medium (CM). Patients were classified into the following three groups based on CT findings: Group A, no CML (11 patients); Group B, unilateral CML (5 patients); and Group C, bilateral CML (9 patients).Results: The posterior circulation aneurysms were located in the basilar artery in 13 (52.0%) cases, in the posterior cerebral artery in 1 (4.0%) case, and in the vertebral artery in 11 (44.0%) cases. There was no difference regarding the adjunctive technique used for endovascular treatment between the groups. Patients in Group C used a significantly larger amount of CM than those in the other two groups. A longer operation time was associated with a larger amount of CM used during treatment. VerifyNow assay revealed that the P2Y12 reaction unit was significantly lower in Groups B and C. Cortical blindness was transiently observed in 2 of 9 patients (22.2%) in Group C, both of which showed CML surrounding the bilateral parieto-occipital sulcus.Conclusion: Both patients with cortical blindness showed bilateral CML, both of which showed CML surrounding the bilateral parieto-occipital sulcus. The CM-induced blood–brain barrier disruption may be the cause of cortical blindness.