- The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
- Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
- pp.oa.2021-0106, (Released:2022-08-10)
Objective: The mechanism of transient cortical blindness after endovascular treatment—a rare phenomenon—has not been elucidated; however, it is assumed to be related to contrast medium leakage (CML). We investigated the relationship between postoperative CML and cortical blindness in patients who underwent endovascular treatment for vascular lesions of posterior circulation.Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 28 patients who underwent endovascular treatment for posterior circulation aneurysms at our hospital between January 2014 and December 2018. Cerebral CT was performed immediately after endovascular treatment and 24 h later. CT images were retrospectively evaluated with special interest in the presence and distribution of leakage of the contrast medium (CM). Patients were classified into the following three groups based on CT findings: Group A, no CML (11 patients); Group B, unilateral CML (5 patients); and Group C, bilateral CML (9 patients).Results: The posterior circulation aneurysms were located in the basilar artery in 13 (52.0%) cases, in the posterior cerebral artery in 1 (4.0%) case, and in the vertebral artery in 11 (44.0%) cases. There was no difference regarding the adjunctive technique used for endovascular treatment between the groups. Patients in Group C used a significantly larger amount of CM than those in the other two groups. A longer operation time was associated with a larger amount of CM used during treatment. VerifyNow assay revealed that the P2Y12 reaction unit was significantly lower in Groups B and C. Cortical blindness was transiently observed in 2 of 9 patients (22.2%) in Group C, both of which showed CML surrounding the bilateral parieto-occipital sulcus.Conclusion: Both patients with cortical blindness showed bilateral CML, both of which showed CML surrounding the bilateral parieto-occipital sulcus. The CM-induced blood–brain barrier disruption may be the cause of cortical blindness.