著者
Naoki Kaneko Kenichi Sakuta Taichiro Imahori Hannah Gedion Mahsa Ghovvati Satoshi Tateshima
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.11, pp.257-262, 2023 (Released:2023-11-20)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
1

This extensive review explores the intricacies of the three principal mechanical thrombectomy techniques: the stent retriever technique, contact aspiration technique, and a combined approach, and their application in managing acute ischemic stroke. Each technique operates uniquely on the thrombus, leading to differences in their efficacy. Factors including clot size, clot stiffness, vessel tortuosity, and the angle of interaction between the aspiration catheter and the clot significantly influence these differences. Clinical trials and meta-analyses have shown the overall equivalency of these techniques for the treatments of large vessel occlusion and distal medium vessel occlusions. However, there are nuanced differences that emerge under specific clinical circumstances, highlighting the absence of a one-size-fits-all strategy in acute ischemic stroke management. We emphasize the need for future investigations to elucidate these nuances further, aiming to refine procedural strategies and individualize patient care for optimal outcomes.
著者
Shuichi Tanoue Masaru Hirohata Yasuharu Takeuchi Kimihiko Orito Sosho Kajiwara Toshi Abe
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.12, pp.547-557, 2020 (Released:2020-12-20)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
2

The cavernous sinus (CS) is a dural sinus located on each side of the pituitary fossa. Neoplastic and vascular lesions, such as arteriovenous fistulas, frequently involve the CS. This sinus plays a role as a crossroad receiving venous blood flow from the facial, orbital, meningeal, and neural venous tributaries. The relationship between these surrounding relevant veins and the CS, as well as the CS itself, varies anatomically. For safe and effective surgical and endovascular treatment of lesions involving the CS, knowledge of the anatomy and variations of the CS and the relevant surrounding veins is highly important. In this section, the anatomy and variations of the CS and the relevant surrounding veins are outlined.
著者
Takeshi Wada Katsutoshi Takayama Kaoru Myouchin Hayato Kishida Yuto Chanoki Keisuke Oshima Takahiro Masutani Yoshitomo Uchiyama Toshihiro Tanaka
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.oa.2023-0074, (Released:2023-12-08)
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
1

Objective: Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is generally considered a critical complication. Hemorrhagic transformation after ischemic stroke has also been associated with contrast media administration. The objective of our study was to evaluate correlations between contrast media type and incidence of SICH after MT.Methods: Ninety-three consecutive patients (41 men; mean age, 80.2 years; range, 44–98 years) underwent MT reperfusion (expanded thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score, 2a–3) for acute large-vessel occlusion ischemic stroke within 8 h after symptom onset between April 2020 and July 2023 were retrospectively reviewed. Correlations between contrast media type (iso-osmolar or low-osmolar medium) and incidence of SICH were assessed.Results: Contrast media were iso-osmolar in 60 cases or low-osmolar in 33 cases. The overall incidence of SICH was 5.5%. The frequency of SICH was significantly lower in the iso-osmolar group (1.7%) than in the low-osmolar group (12.1%; P = 0.033).Conclusion: Iso-osmolar contrast media was associated with a lower incidence of SICH compared with low-osmolar contrast media in patients after MT.
著者
Yushin Takemoto Yuki Ohmori Yasuyuki Kaku Akitake Mukasa Hiro Kiyosue
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.cr.2023-0015, (Released:2023-06-08)
参考文献数
14

Objective: We report here an atypical case of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSDAVF) with a septation that separates the cavernous sinus (CS) into two components, namely, normal cerebral venous drainage and shunted blood drainage into the superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) alone. The CSDAVF was successfully treated by selective transvenous embolization (TVE) through the septum with the trans-inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) approach.Case Presentation: A 74-year-old woman presented with right exophthalmos and tinnitus on the right side. Neuroradiological examination showed CSDAVF mainly supplied by multiple feeders from the bilateral ascending pharyngeal artery and meningohypophyseal trunk with a shunted pouch located medial-dorsally to the right CS. Blood from the CSDAVF drained via the anterior component of the CS to the right SOV only. Normal cerebral venous blood from the right superficial middle cerebral vein drained through the dorsolateral component of the right CS into the right IPS. These findings suggest that a septal barrier exists between the outflow tract of the dural arteriovenous fistula and the normal cerebral venous outflow tract within the CS. The CSDAVF was successfully treated by selective TVE through the septum with the trans-IPS approach after detailed evaluation of 3D rotational angiography (3DRA) and MRA/MR venography (MRV) cross-sectional images. The patient’s symptoms improved, and she was discharged uneventfully.Conclusion: Septation within the CS can completely separate the drainage route of the CSDAVF from the normal cerebral drainage route. Successful catheterization to the shunted pouch through the septum with the IPS approach and selective embolization were possible with detailed evaluation of anatomy on MRA/MRV cross-sectional images and 3DRA images.
著者
Kittipong Srivatanakul
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.ra.2020-0051, (Released:2020-04-22)
参考文献数
24

The arterial anatomy of the parasellar area is complex in that it deals with extracranial–intracranial anastomosis and supply to various cranial nerves in a small area. Pathologies such as hypervascular tumors and shunts are not uncommon and require good knowledge of anatomy in planning the treatment. In this article, the basic anatomy of the arterial supply in this region is discussed, covering the origins, territories, relation to the cranial nerves, and the connections among different systems.
著者
Shohei Ito Takumi Asai Masayuki Kimata Masasuke Ohno Noriyuki Suzaki Yasukazu Kajita Tatsuo Takahashi
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.cr.2023-0007, (Released:2023-05-31)
参考文献数
15

Objective: Persistent proatlantal artery (PPA) is a primitive carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis (CVA); acute ischemic stroke due to basilar artery (BA) occlusion via a PPA is extremely rare.Case Presentation: An 84-year-old female developed disturbance of consciousness (Glasgow Coma Scale E2V1M5) and quadriparesis with a National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score of 35. Head CT revealed early ischemic changes in the right temporal lobe, and a hyperdense vessel sign in the BA. Cerebral angiography showed that the left vertebral artery (VA) did not originate from the left subclavian artery or aortic arch. A left common carotid artery angiogram showed the presence of the left PPA originating from the left external carotid artery. Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with contact aspiration using a Penumbra 5MAX ACE 60 aspiration catheter was performed, and successful recanalization was achieved after clot retrieval in the first attempt (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction scale 2b). MRI performed the following day, however, revealed a newly developed large hemorrhagic infarction in the pons, with no improvement in her symptoms (modified Rankin Scale score of 5 at 90 days).Conclusion: Although MT achieved successful recanalization of the BA via the PPA, her clinical symptoms did not improve, probably because of poor collateral circulation or the long length of the occlusion. In patients with acute vertebro-BA occlusion, if the VA does not originate from the subclavian artery or aortic arch, the presence of a primitive CVA should be considered.
著者
Motoshige Yamashina Yohei Sato Mariko Noda Mayu Sasakawa Thiparpa Thamamongood Akihiro Hashizume Takahiro Ogishima Masashi Tamaki
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.cr.2022-0065, (Released:2023-01-14)
参考文献数
15

Objective: We report a case in which transient cerebral vasospasm after carotid artery stenting (CAS) was effectively treated using arterial and intravenous infusion of fasudil hydrochloride, but cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) developed during subsequent treatment.Case Presentation: The patient was a 79-year-old man who underwent right CAS to treat symptomatic right carotid artery stenosis. After the procedure, the patient developed left paresis and unilateral spatial neglect. The following day, he developed diffuse cerebral vasospasm in the right middle cerebral artery that improved immediately upon arterial infusion of fasudil hydrochloride. Intravenous infusion of fasudil hydrochloride was then started, but CHS with epileptic seizures developed after 1 day of treatment. After 23 days of medical treatment, the condition of the patient improved to mild hemiparesis.Conclusion: The present case suggests that transient cerebral vasospasm after CAS may turn into CHS during treatment and that continuous monitoring for cerebral perfusion is important.
著者
Tsuyoshi Shimizu Makoto Sakamoto Hideki Kamitani Masamichi Kurosaki
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.cr.2022-0055, (Released:2022-12-22)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

Objective: Marfan’s syndrome (MFS) is a systemic connective tissue disorder with autosomal dominant inheritance. Cardiovascular complications of MFS such as aortic root or valve disease and aortic aneurysm or dissection are potential cause of access route problems of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Here, we report a case of a patient with MFS who underwent MT for AIS.Case Presentation: A 58-year-old woman with MFS presented with a sudden onset of consciousness disturbance and right hemiparesis, and was referred to our hospital. After the infusion of tissue plasminogen activator, CTA showed a type III arch in the aortic arch and severe tortuosity of the thoracoabdominal aorta; thus, angiography was performed using the transbrachial approach. Left common carotid angiogram showed complete recanalization of the left middle cerebral artery. On the sixth day, the patient presented a sudden consciousness disturbance and left hemiparesis. MRA showed right internal carotid artery occlusion. MT was performed by the transbrachial approach, and complete recanalization was achieved on the first pass.Conclusion: MT via the transbrachial approach is a treatment option that should be considered, especially in MFS, where the transfemoral approach is difficult due to anatomical problems.
著者
Rintaro Yokoyama Koichi Haraguchi Kazumi Ogane Seiichiro Imataka Yuki Nakamura Noriaki Hanyu Nobuki Matsuura Kazuyoshi Watanabe Takeo Itou
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.cr.2023-0050, (Released:2023-09-30)
参考文献数
19

Objective: We report a case of near-occlusion of the common carotid bifurcation caused by a giant free-floating thrombus (FFT) successfully treated with mechanical thrombectomy using a large dual-layer stent retriever.Case Presentation: A 51-year-old man presented to our hospital with dysarthria, right hemiparalysis, and paresthesia. MRI revealed an acute infarction of the left cortical watershed zone, and MRA revealed decreased signals in the left common carotid bifurcation. Carotid ultrasonography demonstrated a giant FFT in the left common carotid bifurcation. Angiography revealed a giant thrombus extending from the left common carotid artery (CCA) to the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the external carotid artery. As direct aspiration from both a balloon-guided catheter (BGC) and an aspiration catheter (AC) was ineffective, we deployed a large dual-layer stent retriever from the ICA to the CCA with an AC-connected aspiration pump and retrieved it under manual aspiration through the BGC. The giant thrombus was successfully removed, and complete recanalization was achieved without distal embolisms.Conclusion: Although there is no established treatment for giant thrombi in the carotid artery, mechanical thrombectomy using a large dual-layer stent retriever may be an effective treatment option.
著者
Takayuki Ishikawa Takashi Yamanouchi Ryusuke Kabeya
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.cr.2023-0004, (Released:2023-04-20)
参考文献数
24

Objective: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is common procedure for carotid stenosis, but sometimes acute in-stent thrombosis or plaque protrusion after CAS leads to postoperative stroke. There are few reports of aspiration of in-stent plaque protrusion. This paper reports a case of acute in-stent mobile plaque aspirated with a distal access catheter.Case Presentation: A 74-year-old male underwent CAS for symptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis and postoperative course was thought to be good, but in-stent mobile plaque was detected by carotid duplex at postoperative day 6. As mobile plaque is a high risk for stroke, we performed plaque aspiration with a distal access catheter, without neurological deficit or a new cerebral lesion in magnetic resonance imaging. We present a case report, including a literature review, of acute thrombosis or in-stent plaque protrusion.Conclusion: Aspiration removal may be effective for in-stent mobile plaque, which is expected to be fragile, avoiding the disadvantages of increasing stents.
著者
Hidefumi Amisaki Hirochika Takeuchi Makoto Sakamoto Hisashi Shishido
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.cr.2022-0070, (Released:2023-03-18)
参考文献数
9

Objective: Complications of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) should be identified and managed because they often worsen clinical outcomes. Here we present a case of post-MT embolization of the artery supplying the oculomotor nerve, which has not previously been reported as a complication of MT.Case Presentation: An 81-year-old woman visited our hospital within 2 hours of the sudden onset of left hemiparesis and impaired awareness. MRA showed right middle cerebral artery (MCA) M1 segment occlusion and a possibly salvageable penumbra. We performed thrombectomy for right MCA occlusion with successful recanalization. In the final angiography view, the marginal tentorial artery was almost invisible. Ten hours after thrombectomy, the patient developed complete right oculomotor nerve palsy. Subsequent MRI showed ischemic lesions, but none in the oculomotor nucleus, and there were no lesions compressing the oculomotor nerve. We presume that embolization of the marginal tentorial artery caused oculomotor nerve palsy. The intracranial middle and distal portions of the oculomotor nerve are supplied by the superior branches of the inferolateral trunk and by the marginal tentorial artery.Conclusion: Occlusion of the marginal tentorial artery can cause oculomotor nerve palsy, although this has not previously been reported. Our case suggests that neurointerventional surgeons should evaluate patency of branches of the inferolateral trunk and the meningohypophyseal trunk during the procedure of MT.
著者
Hirofumi Matsubara Daisuke Mizutani Yusuke Egashira Yukiko Enomoto
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.oa.2022-0053, (Released:2023-01-11)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
1

Objective: This study aimed to determine the status of perioperative antiplatelet therapy in stent-assisted coil embolization (SAC) in Japan.Methods: The questionnaire consisted of 13 questions and used Google forms, and was sent to institutions where endovascular specialists were employed. The results were analyzed.Results: The responses from 307 centers indicated that the timing of initiation of antiplatelet therapy was 14 days–1 month before treatment in half of centers, and 7–14 days before treatment in the other half. Platelet function tests were performed at 165 centers (56.2%), of which 136 centers (46.3%) performed these tests for all patients, with the VerifyNow system being the most widely used tool. The duration of postoperative dual antiplatelet therapy was 6, 3, and 12 months in 169 (57.7%), 70 (23.5%), and 42 (14.3%) centers, respectively. The antiplatelet agents used for monotherapy were P2Y12 receptor antagonists or aspirin, with a postoperative period of up to 12 months in 139 centers (47.3%), 24 months in 68 centers (23.1%), and longer than 24 months in 50 centers (17%).Conclusion: Current antiplatelet therapy for SAC in Japan varies widely among institutions. Moreover, each center has its own empirical rules for SAC. Therefore, the findings of this survey suggest the need to establish guidelines for optimal periprocedural antiplatelet therapy for SAC.
著者
Taisuke Akimoto Makoto Ohtake Takafumi Kawasaki Shuto Fushimi Wataru Shimohigoshi Hiroshi Manaka Takashi Kawasaki Katsumi Sakata Ichiro Takeuchi Tetsuya Yamamoto
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.oa.2022-0043, (Released:2023-01-07)
参考文献数
24

Objective: To identify factors associated with the outcome and prognosis of coil embolization for poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH).Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 118 patients with World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) grade IV or V subarachnoid hemorrhage at our institute between January 2010 and December 2020. Outcomes were assessed using modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores at discharge and at six months after aSAH onset. In addition, patient background, aneurysm characteristics, and treatment outcome were compared between patients showing favorable (mRS scores: 0–2) and unfavorable (mRS scores: 3–6) outcomes at six months. Factors for change of mRS during follow-up were explored, and cut off values were calculated for age using the receiver operating characteristic analysis.Results: Endovascular treatment was performed in 51 of the 118 enrolled patients. Data were analyzed for 43 of these patients who underwent coil embolization of ruptured aneurysms and had complete datasets. The mean age was 61.7 years and 24 (55.8%) patients had WFNS grade V aSAH. Coil embolization-related complications were observed in three patients. There were no treatment-related deaths; however, eight patients (18.6%) died at three months. Multivariate analysis showed that the maximum diameter of the aneurysm (p=0.041) and the postoperative dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (p=0.040) were associated with unfavorable and favorable outcomes, respectively. Older age (p=0.033) was independently associated with mRS score deterioration following discharge. Age 72 years and older was the cut off value for mRS deterioration.Conclusion: Aneurysm size and postoperative DAPT might be associated with outcomes at 6 months. Moreover, we identified older age as an independent factor that influences mRS deterioration following discharge; thus, especially in cases of elderly patients over 72 years of age, it is highly likely that long-term care to prevent disuse and regular follow-up on imaging will be necessary.
著者
Naoki Kaneko Kenichi Sakuta Taichiro Imahori Hannah Gedion Mahsa Ghovvati Satoshi Tateshima
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.ra.2023-0054, (Released:2023-10-06)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
1

This extensive review explores the intricacies of the three principal mechanical thrombectomy techniques: the stent retriever technique, contact aspiration technique, and a combined approach, and their application in managing acute ischemic stroke. Each technique operates uniquely on the thrombus, leading to differences in their efficacy. Factors including clot size, clot stiffness, vessel tortuosity, and the angle of interaction between the aspiration catheter and the clot significantly influence these differences. Clinical trials and meta-analyses have shown the overall equivalency of these techniques for the treatments of large vessel occlusion and distal medium vessel occlusions. However, there are nuanced differences that emerge under specific clinical circumstances, highlighting the absence of a one-size-fits-all strategy in acute ischemic stroke management. We emphasize the need for future investigations to elucidate these nuances further, aiming to refine procedural strategies and individualize patient care for optimal outcomes.
著者
Mayank Goyal Leon A. Rinkel Johanna M. Ospel
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.ra.2023-0035, (Released:2023-07-12)
参考文献数
54
被引用文献数
1

Endovascular treatment (EVT) has revolutionized the management of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), but almost half of patients undergoing EVT do not achieve a good outcome. Adjunctive therapies have been proposed to improve the outcomes of EVT in AIS. This review aims to summarize the current evidence on the use of adjunctive therapies in EVT for AIS, including antithrombotic agents, intra-arterial thrombolytics, cerebroprotective agents, normobaric oxygen, and hypothermia. Several adjunctive therapies have shown promise in improving the outcomes of EVT in AIS, but phase 3 clinical trials are needed to establish clinical efficacy. We summarize the advantages and disadvantages of adjunctive EVT treatments and outline the challenges that each of these therapies will face before being adopted in clinical practice.
著者
Satoshi Kobayashi Toshiya Osanai Taku Sugiyama Noriyuki Fujima Ryo Takagi Isao Yokota Akiyoshi Hamaguchi Toshitaka Nakamura Kazutoshi Hida Miki Fujimura
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.oa.2023-0001, (Released:2023-05-17)
参考文献数
20

Objective: In endovascular treatment, it is important to evaluate the access route for placing a catheter into the common carotid artery (CCA) promptly and safely prior to the procedure. We examined whether non-contrast MRA using time-spatial labeling inversion pulse (Time-SLIP) can be used in patients prior to endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke. We compared Time-SLIP MRA to contrast-enhanced (CE) MRA and evaluated the efficacy in the evaluation of access routes.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 31 patients admitted between October 2018 and December 2018 for cerebral infarction at our hospital. Blood vessels were imaged from the aortic arch to the CCA. A radiologist blindly evaluated quality score, stenosis, shape of the aorta, and degree of tortuosity.Results: There were no “non-diagnostic” images. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for stenosis were 83%, 96%, 83%, and 96%, respectively. The sensitivity for the aorta type classification was 100%. The sensitivity for mild tortuosity was 93%, for moderate was 100%, and for severe was 100%.Conclusion: Time-SLIP MRA can be an alternative to CE MRA in access route assessment for patients with cerebral infarction who are not eligible for acute thrombectomy therapy.
著者
Hayatsura Hanada Kouhei Nii Kimiya Sakamoto Ritsurou Inoue Yoko Hirata Kodai Matsuda Jun Tsugawa Sho Takeshita Sachiko Shirakawa Toshio Higashi
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.oa.2022-0061, (Released:2023-01-13)
参考文献数
20

Objective: Antiplatelet therapy is advised to prevent thrombotic complications during endovascular coil embolization of unruptured cerebral aneurysms. Due to multiple antithrombotic treatments, bleeding risk is a concern in patients using oral anticoagulants for existing comorbidities. We investigated the hemorrhagic and ischemic events following endovascular treatment (EVT) of unruptured cerebral aneurysms in patients taking anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy.Methods: Between March 2013 and February 2019, 262 patients undergoing EVT for unruptured cerebral aneurysms and having at least 6 months of postoperative follow-up data were included in this retrospective study. Patients taking oral anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs for cerebral vascular events following EVT were compared with those taking only antiplatelet agents.Results: Of the 262 patients, 12 (4.6%) used anticoagulants before EVT for a preexisting condition. Cerebrovascular events after coil embolization were observed in 3 patients taking both anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs and in 14 patients taking only antiplatelet drugs (25% vs. 5.6%, respectively, p = 0.035). Vitamin K antagonist (VKA) was administered in five patients and direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in seven patients. Patients taking VKA experienced cerebrovascular events, whereas those taking DOACs did not (p = 0.045).Conclusion: Our study showed that patients using oral anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs experienced more cerebrovascular events after EVT for unruptured cerebral aneurysms. These results suggest that in patients requiring oral anticoagulants, DOACs may be more beneficial than VKA for preventing stroke occurrences after EVT.
著者
Ryohei Ono Masayuki Sato Sho Okune Tenyu Hino Taisuke Akimoto Yoshiro Ito Aiki Marushima Mikito Hayakawa Eiichi Ishikawa Yuji Matsumaru
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.cr.2022-0029, (Released:2022-12-15)
参考文献数
15

Objective: To report a case of symptomatic large cerebral aneurysm of the internal carotid artery (ICA), associated with a primitive trigeminal artery variant (PTAv), which was treated with a balloon occlusion test (BOT) to evaluate ischemic tolerance.Case Presentation: A 79-year-old woman was diagnosed with a symptomatic large cerebral aneurysm of the ICA bifurcating the PTAv due to diplopia. After confirming the ischemic tolerance of the perfusion area and PTAv by BOT, we performed ICA parent artery occlusion with selective embolization of the PTAv. Postoperative MRI showed no ischemic lesion and the diplopia was resolved.Conclusion: ICA parent artery occlusion with PTAv selective embolization after evaluation by BOT is useful in the treatment of large aneurysms.
著者
Naoki Akioka Naoya Kuwayama Satoshi Kuroda
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.ra.2023-0034, (Released:2023-12-23)
参考文献数
29

The sphenoid wing dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are clinically rare. They often present as non-sinus-type arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and may be associated with focal neurological deficits, intracranial venous hypertension, and intracranial hemorrhage. These cases are classified as lesser or greater sphenoid wing lesions. We searched the PubMed databases for studies evaluating the clinical presentation, surgical treatment, and endovascular treatment of these lesions and analyzed 37 cases from 22 papers. A total of 17 cases had lesser sphenoid wing AVFs, and the localization of the shunts could be divided into the sinus of the lesser sphenoid wing (SLSW) or the superficial middle cerebral vein (SMCV). Most SLSW AVFs drained into the cavernous sinus, but two cases drained directly into the deep middle cerebral vein via a bridging vein. All cases with shunts directly into the SMCV had reflux into the SMCV with varices. A total of 20 cases had shunts in the greater sphenoid wing, and the localization of the shunts varied, with shunt localization, and venous return morphology dependent on variations in middle fossa venous return. Most cases had shunts in the sphenobasal vein near the foramen ovale. However, some cases had shunts in the superior ophthalmic vein, sphenopetrosal vein, and laterocavernous sinus. Many were associated with cortical venous reflux. These lesions have been treated by surgical ligation of the drainage vein and transarterial or transvenous embolization. Recently, embolization has become the standard treatment for DAVFs due to advances in endovascular techniques. This paper reviewed and discussed the angioarchitecture, clinical presentation, and treatment of these lesions to clarify the characteristics of sphenoid wing DAVFs.