著者
Jun Suzuki Tadashi Yamakawa Mari Oba Jo Nagakura Erina Shigematsu Haruka Tamura Kenichiro Takahashi Yoshihisa Okamoto Rika Sakamoto Minori Shinoda Tatsuro Takano Kazuaki Kadonosono Yasuo Terauchi
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.11, pp.971-982, 2019 (Released:2019-11-28)
参考文献数
43
被引用文献数
11

The short-term efficacy and safety of insulin degludec U100 (IDeg) in patients with type 2 diabetes have not been reported widely. We compared insulin IDeg and insulin glargine U100 (IGla) for glycemic control and glucose variability in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes. In an open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial, 74 patients were randomly assigned to either the IDeg (36 patients) or IGla (38 patients) group and were administered with basal-bolus therapy during hospitalization. Following the start of the treatment, on day 11, glucose variability was assessed by continuous glucose monitoring. A fasting blood glucose level of 110 mg/dL and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose level of 180 mg/dL throughout at least one day during the observation period were achieved in 31.3% (10/32) and 30.6% (11/36) of the patients in the IDeg and IGla groups, respectively. The 6-point self-monitoring of blood glucose profiles showed a significant difference between the two groups. On day 7, the intra-day variation was larger in the IDeg group than in the IGla group. The incidence of hypoglycemia or glucose variability was comparable in the two groups. This study suggests that short-term efficacy and safety of IDeg and IGla in patients with type 2 diabetes during the initial phase of basal-bolus therapy were comparable, and these results can help in deciding which treatment to opt for.
著者
Masanori Emoto Yasuo Terauchi Akichika Ozeki Tomonori Oura Masakazu Takeuchi Takeshi Imaoka
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.12, pp.1101-1114, 2015 (Released:2015-12-27)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
21 23

The goal of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of 0.75 mg of dulaglutide, a once weekly glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) on a single oral hypoglycemic agent (OHA). In this phase 3, nonrandomized, open-label, parallel-group, 52-week study, safety and efficacy of once weekly dulaglutide 0.75 mg were assessed in Japanese patients with T2D on a single OHA (sulfonylureas [SU], biguanides [BG], α-glucosidase inhibitors [AGI], thiazolidinedione [TZD], or glinides [GLN]). A total of 394 patients were treated with study drug, and 92.9% completed the 52-week treatment period. The most frequent treatment-emergent adverse events were nasopharyngitis and gastrointestinal disorders, including constipation, diarrhea, and nausea. Incidences of hypoglycemia varied across the combination therapy groups: incidence was greater in patients receiving SU compared with other combinations. No severe hypoglycemic episodes occurred during the study. Increases from baseline in pancreatic and total amylase, lipase, and pulse rate were observed in all 5 combination therapy groups. Significant reductions from baseline in HbA1c were observed in all 5 combination therapy groups (-1.57% to -1.69%, p < 0.001 for all). Mean body weight changes from baseline varied across the combination therapy groups: a significant increase was observed in combination with TZD, there were no significant changes in combination with SU or GLN, and significant reductions were observed in combination with BG or AGI. Once weekly dulaglutide 0.75 mg in combination with a single OHA was overall well tolerated and improved glycemic control in Japanese patients with T2D.
著者
Kazutaka AOKI Hideaki KATO Yasuo TERAUCHI
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.6, pp.1009-1014, 2007 (Released:2008-02-20)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
15 15

We recently demonstrated that administration of miglitol at 15 min after the start of a meal decreased the area under the curve (AUC) of plasma glucose, similar to the observation following its administration just before a meal. This finding prompted us to examine whether a divided-dose regimen of miglitol might attenuate postprandial glucose excursions even more effectively. We, therefore, examined several schedules of miglitol administration in 15 healthy men. Miglitol was administered by four different schedules in each subject (control: no miglitol, intake 1: drug administered just before a meal (50 mg); intake 2: drug administered at 15 min after the start of a meal (50 mg); intake 3: drug administered in two divided doses: just before a meal (25 mg) and at 15 min after the start of a meal (25 mg). The AUC of glucose excursions, defined as increment above the fasting glucose level, (AUC0-180 min of glucose excursions) was significantly reduced as compared with that in the control condition after miglitol administration by intake schedule 3, while this parameter showed a tendency towards decrease after the drug administration by intake schedules 1 and 2. The AUC0-180 min of the serum insulin level was also significantly decreased for all the intake schedules of miglitol, as compared with that in the control condition. Thus, administration of miglitol in two divided doses appeared to be the most suitable for obtaining effective regulation of postprandial glucose excursions in healthy men. This result may suggest that the divided-dose administration regimen may also be effective in diabetic patients.
著者
Juan Xu Atsushi Goto Maki Konishi Masayuki Kato Tetsuya Mizoue Yasuo Terauchi Shoichiro Tsugane Norie Sawada Mitsuhiko Noda
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20220329, (Released:2023-05-20)
参考文献数
45

Background: This study aimed to develop models to predict the 5-year incidence of T2DM in a Japanese population and validate them externally in an independent Japanese population.Methods: Data from 10,986 participants (aged 46–75 years) in the development cohort of the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Diabetes Study and 11,345 participants (aged 46–75 years) in the validation cohort of the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study were used to develop and validate the risk scores in logistic regression models.Results: We considered non-invasive (sex, body mass index, family history of diabetes mellitus, and diastolic blood pressure) and invasive (glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c] and fasting plasma glucose [FPG]) predictors to predict the 5-year probability of incident diabetes. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.643 for the non-invasive risk model, 0.786 for the invasive risk model with HbA1c but not FPG, and 0.845 for the invasive risk model with HbA1c and FPG. The optimism for the performance of all models was small by internal validation. In the internal-external cross-validation, these models tended to show similar discriminative ability across different areas. The discriminative ability of each model was confirmed using external validation datasets. The invasive risk model with only HbA1c was well-calibrated in the validation cohort.Conclusions: Our invasive risk models are expected to discriminate between high- and low-risk individuals with T2DM in a Japanese population.
著者
Yuzuru Ito Makoto Shibuya Saho Hosokawa Yoko Motoki Ryou Nagata Hiromi Konishi Takashi Miyazaki Tatsuya Matsunaga Yoshiyuki Nomura Takashi Mihara Shihou Ito Ken Sugiura Yasuo Terauchi
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.3, pp.231-237, 2016 (Released:2016-03-31)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
8 11

This study assessed indicators of the need for insulin therapy and the effect of treatment on pregnancy outcomes in Japanese patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). All patients diagnosed with GDM were hospitalized for three days. Plasma glucose profiles in patients under strict dietary management and the characteristics of GDM patients with high daily glucose levels were investigated. Patients who failed to achieve glycemic targets were treated with insulin. Indicators of the need for insulin treatment were investigated. Pregnancy outcomes in patients prescribed dietary management and patients prescribed insulin treatment were compared. The study included 112 patients with GDM. GDM patients with high daily glucose levels in the hospital exhibited significantly higher 1-h and 2-h plasma glucose levels in oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) at diagnosis. In our hospital, 102 GDM patients with singleton pregnancies were followed until delivery; 32 (31.3%) were treated with insulin. Univariate analysis identified significant associations of insulin requirement with family history of diabetes and with 1-h and 2-h OGTT values at diagnosis. Multivariate analysis showed that the 1-h OGTT plasma glucose level at diagnosis was an independent predictor of the need for insulin. In perinatal outcomes, insulin treatment was associated with low birth weight.
著者
Kazutaka Aoki Haruhiro Sato Yasuo Terauchi
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ19-0041, (Released:2019-04-23)
被引用文献数
13

Elevation of postprandial plasma glucose is correlated with an increase in cardiovascular events, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (αGIs) are effective at reducing postprandial glucose levels. In Japan, the αGIs acarbose, voglibose, and miglitol have been available since 1993, 1994, and 2006, respectively. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are also effective at reducing postprandial glucose levels, and they have been available in Japan since 2009. A combination therapy of αGI, miglitol, and the DPP-4 inhibitor, sitagliptin, is more effective at decreasing postprandial glucose levels than monotherapy with either miglitol or sitagliptin. Moreover, the combination therapy of miglitol and sitagliptin is more effective at increasing postprandial active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels than monotherapy. Peptide YY (PYY) has appetite-suppressing and gastric-emptying effects similar to GLP-1. In healthy individuals, miglitol increases the postprandial total PYY; however, combination therapy of miglitol and vildagliptin does not change postprandial total PYY levels. αGIs are typically prescribed to be taken just before a meal, which can result in decreased drug adherence. Different patterns of αGI intake were examined, and the results showed that miglitol or acarbose administration after a meal is effective. The effects of taking miglitol dissolved in water during a meal appeared to be similar to that of taking miglitol as a tablet just before a meal. The long-term effects of taking miglitol dissolved in water should be evaluated in future studies. αGIs may be effective even when they are not taken before a meal, and a more flexible administration may improve drug adherence.
著者
Kazutaka Aoki Hiroshi Kamiyama Kiyomi Masuda Kazunari Kamiko Yoshihiko Noguchi Kazuki Tajima Yasuo Terauchi
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.3, pp.249-256, 2014 (Released:2014-03-30)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
5 10

We previously reported that combination therapy with an α-glucosidase inhibitor (αGI) and a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor increased active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels and decreased total glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) levels, compared with monotherapy, in non-diabetic men. However, the peptide YY (PYY), cholecystokinin (CCK), ghrelin, and obestatin levels in patients receiving a combination of αGIs and DPP-4 inhibitors have not been previously reported. We evaluated the effect of miglitol, vildagliptin, or their combination on these parameters. Miglitol and/or vildagliptin were administered according to four different intake schedules in eleven non-diabetic men (C: no drug, M: miglitol; V: vildagliptin, M+V: miglitol+vildagliptin). Blood samples were collected at 0, 30, 60, and 120 min after the start of breakfast. The plasma glucose, serum insulin, serum total PYY (PYY1-36 and PYY3-36), plasma CCK, plasma active ghrelin, and plasma obestatin levels were measured. The area under the curve (AUC) of the serum total PYY level in the M group was significantly greater than that in the C group, and the AUC of the serum total PYY level in the M+V group was significantly lower than that in the M group. The combination therapy did not change the AUC of the plasma CCK, plasma active ghrelin, plasma obestatin, and ghrelin/obestatin levels, compared with the control. The results of our study suggested that combination therapy with miglitol and vildagliptin had no effect on appetite regulation hormones, such as total PYY, CCK, active ghrelin, and obestatin, compared with the levels in the control group.
著者
Yumiko Komatsu Akinobu Nakamura Masahiro Takihata Yuichiro Inoue Satoko Yahagi Kazuki Tajima Hirohisa Tsuchiya Tatsuro Takano Tadashi Yamakawa Masahiro Yoshida Hideaki Miyoshi Yasuo Terauchi
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.3, pp.311-314, 2016 (Released:2016-03-31)
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
2 13

Diazoxide is a non-diuretic benzothiadiazine derivative, one of a group of substances introduced into clinical practice in the 1950s for the treatment of hypertension. Fajans reported the use of diazoxide for the treatment of insulinoma in 1979. Although patients with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia worldwide have been treated with diazoxide for more than 30 years, there are no recent reports about the adverse effects of this drug in Asian patients, including Japanese patients. Herein, we report the results of our retrospective clinical record review of 6 Japanese patients (3 females and 3 males, ranging in age from 58 to 91 years) with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia and inoperable insulinoma treated with diazoxide. Diazoxide improved control of hypoglycemic symptoms and maintained normoglycemia in 5 of the 6 patients, and was ineffective in one patient. Surprisingly, although all 6 patients received diazoxide according to the treatment strategy recommended in Western patients, 5 of the 6 patients developed edema and two developed congestive heart failure. Thus, when starting treatment with diazoxide in Japanese patients, the symptoms and signs of fluid retention should be evaluated carefully. Also, appropriate protocols for treatment with diazoxide should be evaluated by means of clinical trials in Japanese patients with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia.