著者
KATSU ISHIGAKI HIROYUKI NAMBA NOBORU TAKAMURA HIROKAZU SAIWAI VLADIMIR PARSHIN TOSHINORI OHASHI TAKASHI KANEMATSU SHUNICHI YAMASHITA
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.5, pp.591-595, 2001 (Released:2006-11-25)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
17 19

We evaluated the incidence of childhood thyroid diseases and urinary iodine levels in Nagasaki, Japan and in Gomel, Belarus, which was greatly radio-contaminated by the Chernobyl accident, in order to obtain the comparative data of thyroid diseases between iodine-rich (Japan) and -deficient (Belarus) areas. In Nagasaki, the median level of urinary iodine, measured by ammonium persulfate digestion in microplate method, was 362.9μg/L. In order to evaluate the geographical differences in Japan, other samples were collected in Hamamatsu and in South Kayabe, Hokkaido, where the median levels were 208.4μg/L and 1015.5μg/L, respectively. Furthermore, thyroid screening by ultrasound (US) in Nagasaki revealed only four cases that showed goiter (1.6%) and two cases (0.8%) that had cystic degeneration and single thyroid cyst. There was no evidence of thyroid nodule detected by US examination. In contrast, the median of urinary iodine level was 41.3μg/L in Gomel. The incidences of goiter (13.6%) and echogenic abnormality (1.74%) in Gomel were much higher than in Nagasaki, suggesting the critical involvement of iodine deficiency in increased childhood thyroid abnormality around Chernobyl. Radioactive iodine released just after the Chernobyl accident may have influenced predominantly children residing in iodine-deficient areas. Our results suggest that management of thyroid screening for schoolchildren at ordinary times may be beneficial for monitoring the adverse effects of radioactive iodine from the standpoint of future prospective study.
著者
YUTAKA SHIRAHIGE MASAHIRO ITO KIYOTO ASHIZAWA TOMOKO MOTOMURA NAOKATA YOKOYAMA HIROYUKI NAMBA SHUJI FUKATA TAMOTSU YOKOZAWA NAOFUMI ISHIKAWA TAKASHI MIMURA SHUNICHI YAMASHITA ICHIRO SEKINE KANJI KUMA KUNIHIKO ITO SHIGENOBU NAGATAKI
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.203-209, 1998 (Released:2006-11-25)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
16 17

The high incidence of childhood thyroid cancer in Belarus is suspected to be due to radiation exposure after the Chernobyl reactor accident. To clarify the clinical and histological characteristics of childhood thyroid cancer in Belarus, we therefore compared these patients to a radiation non-exposed control series in Japan. In Belarus, 26 thyroid cancers in subjects aged 15 or younger were diagnosed among 25, 000 screened between 1991 and 1995 by Chernobyl-Sasakawa Health and Medical Cooperation Project. The clinical and morphologic features of these 26 cases were compared to 37 childhood thyroid cancers in Japan diagnosed between 1962 and 1995. The age distribution at operation in Belarus showed a peak at 10 years old, with a subsequent fall in numbers. In contrast, the age distribution at operation in Japan showed a smooth increase between the ages of 8 and 14. The mean tumor diameter was smaller in Belarus than that in Japan (1.4±0.7 vs. 4.1±1.7cm, P<0.001). The sex ratio, regional lymph node metastasis, extension to surrounding tissues or lung metastasis did not differ significantly. Histologically, all cases in Belarus were papillary and in Japan 33 cases were papillary and 4 cases were follicular carcinomas. Among papillary carcinomas, the frequency of a solid growth pattern, a criteria for classifying a tumor as poorly differentiated, was higher in Belarus than that in Japan (61.5 vs.18.2%, P<0.001). The difference between the features of childhood thyroid cancer in Japan and Belarus may be due to the difference in the process of carcinogenesis, but more direct evidence and further analysis by molecular epidemiology are needed in Belarussian cases.
著者
Yaping Liang Xiaojia Xu Mingjuan Yin Yan Zhang Lingfeng Huang Ruoling Chen Jindong Ni
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.1, pp.51-63, 2019 (Released:2019-01-28)
参考文献数
52
被引用文献数
32

We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of Berberine on glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and identify potential factors may modifying the hypoglycemic effect. We searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Database to identify randomized controlled trials that investigated the effect of Berberine. We calculated weighted mean differences (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Twenty-eight studies were identified for analysis, with a total of 2,313 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. The pool data showed that Berberine treatment was associated with a better reduction on FPG (WMD = –0.54 mmol/L, 95% CI: –0.77 to –0.30), PPG (WMD = –0.94 mmol/L, 95% CI: –1.27 to –0.61), and HbA1c (WMD = –0.54 mmol/L, 95% CI: –0.93 to –0.15) than control groups. Subgroup-analyses indicated that effects of Berberine on blood glucose became unremarkable as the treatment lasted more than 90 days, the daily dosage more than 2 g/d and patients aged more than 60 years. The efficiency of Berberine combined with hypoglycaemics is better than either Berberine or hypoglycaemic alone. The dosage and treatment duration of Berberine and patients’ age may modify the effect.
著者
Doina Piciu Andra Piciu Alexandru Irimie
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1203190691, (Released:2012-03-23)
被引用文献数
7 10

The thyroid carcinoma (TC) has an increasing incidence in the last decades and continues to represent the most frequent endocrine tumor. The aim of the study was to analyze the pediatric files of TC from the registry of “Prof. Dr. Ion Chiricuta” Institute of Oncology Cluj-Napoca, Romania (IOCN) and to provide the data related to the impact of nuclear fallout of Chernobyl on this pathology. We studied 72 children with TC treated between 1991 and 2010. The mean age was 15.3 years; the ratio female/male was 6.2:1. A number of 29 children (40.2%) revealed metastasis in regional lymph nodes or lungs at the initial diagnosis. There were 63 differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), 6 cases with medullary cancer (MC), 1 case with anaplazic carcinoma (AC), and 2 mixed cases. All patients underwent total thyroidectomy and the radioiodine was administered in 64 cases (activities between 1.1 - 28.1 GBq I-131). A number of 52 children (80.5%) are free of disease, 8 are in partial remission and 4 children are in evolution of the disease at minimum 12 months of follow-up. The incidence of TC was significantly increased at 10 years after the accident. In the years after, the increasing trendline was stopped and at 25 years, the number of cases is stationary. The diagnostic of pediatric TC is made frequently in metastatic disease and the therapies must be conducted for many years untill complete remission. A more clear strategy adapted to children is needed in the future.
著者
Junichiro Irie Emi Inagaki Masataka Fujita Hideaki Nakaya Masanori Mitsuishi Shintaro Yamaguchi Kazuya Yamashita Shuhei Shigaki Takashi Ono Hideo Yukioka Hideyuki Okano Yo-ichi Nabeshima Shin-ichiro Imai Masato Yasui Kazuo Tsubota Hiroshi Itoh
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ19-0313, (Released:2019-11-02)
被引用文献数
8 35

Recent studies have revealed that decline in cellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) levels causes aging-related disorders and therapeutic approaches increasing cellular NAD+ prevent these disorders in animal models. The administration of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) has been shown to mitigate aging-related dysfunctions. However, the safety of NMN in humans have remained unclear. We, therefore, conducted a clinical trial to investigate the safety of single NMN administration in 10 healthy men. A single-arm non-randomized intervention was conducted by single oral administration of 100, 250, and 500 mg NMN. Clinical findings and parameters, and the pharmacokinetics of NMN metabolites were investigated for 5 h after each intervention. Ophthalmic examination and sleep quality assessment were also conducted before and after the intervention. The single oral administrations of NMN did not cause any significant clinical symptoms or changes in heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, and body temperature. Laboratory analysis results did not show significant changes, except for increases in serum bilirubin levels and decreases in serum creatinine, chloride, and blood glucose levels within the normal ranges, independent of the dose of NMN. Results of ophthalmic examination and sleep quality score showed no differences before and after the intervention. Plasma concentrations of N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide and N-methyl-4-pyridone-5-carboxamide were significantly increased dose-dependently by NMN administration. The single oral administration of NMN was safe and effectively metabolized in healthy men without causing any significant deleterious effects. Thus, the oral administration of NMN was found to be feasible, implicating a potential therapeutic strategy to mitigate aging-related disorders in humans.
著者
Kei Sawada Shigehiro Karashima Mitsuhiro Kometani Rie Oka Yoshimichi Takeda Toshitaka Sawamura Aya Fujimoto Masashi Demura Ayako Wakayama Mikiya Usukura Kunimasa Yagi Yoshiyu Takeda Takashi Yoneda
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0440, (Released:2018-02-20)
被引用文献数
10

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is often associated with metabolic disorders such as obesity and type 2 diabetes and may contribute to cardiovascular events. A novel class of antidiabetic drugs, the sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) reduce body weight (BW), although there is limited data on their impact on OSAS. We therefore evaluated the effect of SGLT2i on OSAS in patients with type 2 diabetes. The presented study was a retrospective design in 18 patients with type 2 diabetes with OSAS (4 males, age range 39–81 yr) administrated a SGLT2i. HbA1c, BW, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP) and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) were evaluated before and after SGLT2i administration. The relationships between the reduction in AHI and the other variables were examined using Pearson correlation analysis. We have got result that SGLT2i reduced AHI from 31.9 ± 18.0 to 18.8 ± 11.5 events per hr (p = 0.003). HbA1c, BW and BMI decreased significantly, whereas BP did not. The Pearson correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between the reduction in AHI and pre-administration of AHI. In conclusion, SGLT2i reduced not only HbA1c, BW and BMI but also AHI significantly and therefore has potential as an effective treatment of OSAS.
著者
Atsuhiko Sakamoto Takashi Matsuzuka Yukie Yamaya Satoru Suzuki Manabu Iwadate Satoshi Suzuki Yuko Hashimoto Osamu Suzuki Shinichi Suzuki Susumu Yokoya Tetsuya Ohira Seiji Yasumura Hitoshi Ohto Kenji Kamiya Hiroki Shimura
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ20-0235, (Released:2020-08-20)
被引用文献数
1

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident occurred on March 11 2011, following the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami. Radioactive materials, including I-131, were released into the environment after the accident. Shortly after, the prefectural government initiated the Fukushima Health Management Survey for monitoring the long-term health conditions of the residents of Fukushima Prefecture. In the survey, thyroid ultrasonography was scheduled for all people aged 18 years or younger who were living in Fukushima Prefecture at the time of disaster. The total number of examinees was approximately 370,000 in the Preliminary Baseline Survey (PBLS), and 380,000 in the first Full-scale Survey (FSS). First, thyroid ultrasonography was performed as the Primary Examination. When a thyroid nodule that meets the fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) guideline is detected, thyroid FNAC is performed. By the end of June 2017, the cytological specimens of 187 examinees had been interpreted as Malignant or Suspicious for Malignancy (SFM). In this article, the cytological results of whole categories are presented using the criteria of The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology. The total numbers of examinees with SFM or Malignant in PBLS and at the first FSS were 106 (62.0%) and 71 (38.0%), respectively. The data of the cytological results of SFM and Malignant were already reported. However, this is the first report of cytological data from categories other than SFM and Malignant. The results of the current study will contribute to future research into the thyroid conditions of children and adolescents.
著者
Tetiana I. Bogdanova Vladimir A. Saenko Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masahiro Ito Liudmyla Yu. Zurnadzhy Toshitetsu Hayashi Tatiana I. Rogounovitch Akira Miyauchi Mykola D. Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.10, pp.977-993, 2017 (Released:2017-10-28)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
1 8

This study set out to compare structural and invasive characteristics of sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in age-matched groups of children and adolescents of Japan and Ukraine to provide detailed histopathological analysis of tumors from different geographical areas with different iodine intake. A total of 348 (160 Japanese and 188 Ukrainian) PTCs from patients without radiation history were analyzed initially as a combined pediatric group and then subdivided into childhood (aged ≤14 years) and adolescent (aged from 15 to ≤18 years) age series. On multivariate comparison, the Japanese pediatric PTC was characterized by a higher sex ratio (p=1.504E-4), and a higher frequency of microcarcinoma (p=0.039), papillary dominant growth pattern (p=0.024), focal oxyphilic cell metaplasia (p=7.644E-6), intrathyroid spread (p=0.010), lymphatic/vascular invasion (p=0.01) and regional lymph node metastases (p=3.540E-6). In the Ukrainian group, multifocal (p=0.004) and non-encapsulated tumors with the solid-trabecular growth pattern (p=0.05) were more frequent. Childhood Japanese PTCs differed from Ukrainian PTCs by more pronounced invasive properties such as lymphatic/vascular invasion and nodal disease, but did not differ by the dominant growth pattern. In adolescents, the differences were detected not only for lymph node metastases, but also for a higher frequency of the papillary dominant pattern in Japanese PTC. Overall, significantly higher frequencies of oxyphilic cell metaplasia and more pronounced invasive features observed in the Japanese PTC in both age-matched series represent the major differences between the tumors from two geographical areas.
著者
Jun Tanimura Hiromi Nakagawa Takeo Tanaka Akihiro Kikuchi Sachie Osada Yoshiaki Tanaka Kumpei Tokuyama Toshinari Takamura
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.7, pp.615-620, 2019 (Released:2019-07-28)
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
2 9

The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor everolimus is an antitumor agent known to cause hyperglycemia. However, the clinical course of everolimus-induced hyperglycemia, its pathophysiological basis, and the treatment strategy are not clear. In this case series report, we present the clinical course of everolimus-induced hyperglycemia in four patients. Hyperglycemia occurred 3–8 weeks after the administration of everolimus irrespective of the body mass index (range, 21.3–29.1 kg/m2) or pre-existing diabetes. Insulin or insulin secretagogues were required for glycemic control in most of the patients. Of note, the hyperglycemia was reversible in all patients, and none of the patients required anti-diabetic agents to achieve adequate glycemic control after cessation of everolimus therapy. To investigate the underlying mechanism of everolimus-induced hyperglycemia, we assessed insulin secretion and sensitivity by 75 g oral glucose tolerance test, arginine challenge test, and/or hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp study using stable isotope-labeled glucose tracer in two patients. Everolimus did not affect insulin sensitivity in the liver, skeletal muscle, or the adipose tissue. In contrast, everolimus impaired insulin secretion and thereby increased basal hepatic glucose production. These findings further our understanding of the role of mTOR in glucose homeostasis in humans and provide insights for treatment strategies against everolimus-induced hyperglycemia.
著者
Toru Takano
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.3, pp.237-244, 2017 (Released:2017-03-31)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
9 46

Thyroid cancers have long been considered to arise in middle age and, after their repeated proliferation, resulting in further damage to the genome, they progress to more aggressive and lethal cancers. However, in 2014, some studies were reported that might lead to a marked change in our understanding of the natural history of thyroid cancer. A high prevalence of papillary carcinoma in the young suggested that the first initiation of thyroid cancer is likely to occur in the infantile period. Such a conclusion was also supported by a very slow growth rate of papillary microcarcinomas (PMCs) in an observation trial. The proliferation rate of PMCs was negatively correlated with the age, and surgery to remove PMCs did not contribute to reduce mortality from thyroid cancer. These findings strongly suggested the existence of self-limiting cancers, which are truly malignant but do not progress to lethal cancers, for the first time in human history. The early detection of self-limiting cancers results in overdiagnosis. Ultrasonographic screening of the thyroid in the young should be avoided. Lethal thyroid cancers, whose origin is still unknown, appear suddenly after middle age. In the elderly, thyroid cancers are a mixture of self-limiting and lethal cancers; thus, when thyroid cancer is detected, careful follow-up with examination of its growth rate is required.
著者
Jun Suzuki Tadashi Yamakawa Mari Oba Jo Nagakura Erina Shigematsu Haruka Tamura Kenichiro Takahashi Yoshihisa Okamoto Rika Sakamoto Minori Shinoda Tatsuro Takano Kazuaki Kadonosono Yasuo Terauchi
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.11, pp.971-982, 2019 (Released:2019-11-28)
参考文献数
43
被引用文献数
4

The short-term efficacy and safety of insulin degludec U100 (IDeg) in patients with type 2 diabetes have not been reported widely. We compared insulin IDeg and insulin glargine U100 (IGla) for glycemic control and glucose variability in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes. In an open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial, 74 patients were randomly assigned to either the IDeg (36 patients) or IGla (38 patients) group and were administered with basal-bolus therapy during hospitalization. Following the start of the treatment, on day 11, glucose variability was assessed by continuous glucose monitoring. A fasting blood glucose level of 110 mg/dL and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose level of 180 mg/dL throughout at least one day during the observation period were achieved in 31.3% (10/32) and 30.6% (11/36) of the patients in the IDeg and IGla groups, respectively. The 6-point self-monitoring of blood glucose profiles showed a significant difference between the two groups. On day 7, the intra-day variation was larger in the IDeg group than in the IGla group. The incidence of hypoglycemia or glucose variability was comparable in the two groups. This study suggests that short-term efficacy and safety of IDeg and IGla in patients with type 2 diabetes during the initial phase of basal-bolus therapy were comparable, and these results can help in deciding which treatment to opt for.
著者
Bo Wan Yuan Gao Yushan Zheng Ruanqin Chen
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ20-0758, (Released:2021-03-04)

Metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a new concept proposed in 2020. This study aimed to explore the relationship between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) level and MAFLD based on a population survey dataset (the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys of the United States). Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) of serum 25(OH)D level for MAFLD. A total of 12,878 participants were included in this analysis. Among them, 4,027 (31.27%) cases were diagnosed with MAFLD and 8,851 (66.40%) were without MAFLD (non-MAFLD). Patients with vitamin D sufficiency and insufficiency totaled 6,983 (54.22%) and 5,895 (45.78%), respectively. The incidence of MAFLD and the grade of hepatic steatosis were both significantly higher in vitamin D insufficiency group. Multivariate analysis showed that vitamin D insufficiency was an independent risk factor for MAFLD after adjusted for other confounders (OR: 1.130, 95%CI: 1.035 to 1.234). In MAFLD population, the average serum 25(OH)D level decreased with the numbers of metabolic risks in MAFLD cases. Serum 25(OH)D level was not associated with the severity of fibrosis or steatosis in MAFLD group. In Conclusion, lower serum 25(OH)D level is associated with higher prevalence of MAFLD in general population. No relationship was found between serum 25(OH)D level and the severity of hepatic steatosis or fibrosis in MAFLD.
著者
Mariyo Rokutan Daisuke Yabe Izumi Komoto Takeshi Kurose Jun Kawai Takefumi Nakamura Masayuki Imamura Yutaka Seino
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ14-0590, (Released:2015-07-25)
被引用文献数
4 4

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a serious health-related condition all over the world; the number of patients is increasing in Asian countries including Japan. Better understanding of its pathophysiology is required to develop effective therapeutics, as patients may go on to develop non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and hepatocellular carcinomas. While NAFLD is believed to be associated with metabolic risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, its etiology remains largely unknown and the development or co-existence of NAFLD in patients with insulinoma has not been investigated. A 33-year-old male with an insulinoma, who had been hypoglycemic during the previous four years, developed abnormally elevated levels of liver enzymes and histological fatty liver characteristic of NAFLD by the time of admission to our hospital for resection of an insulinoma. His medical records for the previous eight years revealed that his bodyweight had increased gradually from 60 kg to 71 kg for seven years and then acutely increased to 79 kg in the latest one-year period. This sudden increase was thought to be due to the patient’s self-described overeating of fruits to forestall hypoglycemia. Fresh fruits are rich in fructose, and the patient’s triglycerides, alanine and aspartate transaminases showed an acute increase in the previous one-year period. After resection of the insulinoma, the levels of these parameters all were mostly restored, which suggests that hyperinsulinemia and subsequent hyperphagia played a role in the development of NAFLD in this case. This is the first report of patient with NAFLD and an insulinoma.
著者
Ryosuke Sakai Yoshitaka Hashimoto Emi Ushigome Akane Miki Takuro Okamura Masako Matsugasumi Takuya Fukuda Saori Majima Shinobu Matsumoto Takafumi Senmaru Masahide Hamaguchi Muhei Tanaka Mai Asano Masahiro Yamazaki Yohei Oda Michiaki Fukui
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.4, pp.395-402, 2018 (Released:2018-04-26)
参考文献数
48
被引用文献数
35 35

Skipping breakfast or irregular breakfast is associated with poor glycemic control. However, a relationship between the timing of dinner and glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes remains indefinite. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between late-night-dinner and glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes. We performed questionnaire survey for lifestyle factors in this cross-sectional study. We defined having dinner later than eight pm as late-night-dinner. We examined the differences in clinical and metabolic parameters between those who have late-night-dinner and those who do not have. We also examined the relationship between late-night-dinner and HbA1c, using multiple regression analysis. Ninety-five people (23.2%) had a late-night-dinner, among 409 people with type 2 diabetes. Metabolic parameters (mean (SD) or median (interquartile range)) of people with late-night-dinner were worse than those of without, including body mass index (BMI) (24.4 (4.0) vs. 23.2 (3.4) kg/m2, p = 0.006), triglycerides (1.5 (1.1–2.1) vs. 1.2 (0.8–1.7) mmol/L, p < 0.001), HDL-cholesterol (1.4 (0.4) vs. 1.6 (0.4) mmol/L, p = 0.004) and hemoglobin A1c (58.1 (13.3) vs. 55.2 (10.2) mmol/mol, (7.5 (1.2) vs. 7.2 (0.9) %), p = 0.023)). Late-night-dinner (standardized regression coefficient = 0.13, p = 0.028) was associated with hemoglobin A1c after adjusting for age, BMI, sex, duration of diabetes, smoking, exercise, alcohol, snacking after dinner, nighttime sleep duration, time from dinner to bedtime, skipping breakfast, and medication for diabetes. Late-night-dinner is independently associated with poor glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes.
著者
Junichiro Irie Emi Inagaki Masataka Fujita Hideaki Nakaya Masanori Mitsuishi Shintaro Yamaguchi Kazuya Yamashita Shuhei Shigaki Takashi Ono Hideo Yukioka Hideyuki Okano Yo-ichi Nabeshima Shin-ichiro Imai Masato Yasui Kazuo Tsubota Hiroshi Itoh
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.2, pp.153-160, 2020 (Released:2020-02-28)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
22 35

Recent studies have revealed that decline in cellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) levels causes aging-related disorders and therapeutic approaches increasing cellular NAD+ prevent these disorders in animal models. The administration of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) has been shown to mitigate aging-related dysfunctions. However, the safety of NMN in humans have remained unclear. We, therefore, conducted a clinical trial to investigate the safety of single NMN administration in 10 healthy men. A single-arm non-randomized intervention was conducted by single oral administration of 100, 250, and 500 mg NMN. Clinical findings and parameters, and the pharmacokinetics of NMN metabolites were investigated for 5 h after each intervention. Ophthalmic examination and sleep quality assessment were also conducted before and after the intervention. The single oral administrations of NMN did not cause any significant clinical symptoms or changes in heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, and body temperature. Laboratory analysis results did not show significant changes, except for increases in serum bilirubin levels and decreases in serum creatinine, chloride, and blood glucose levels within the normal ranges, independent of the dose of NMN. Results of ophthalmic examination and sleep quality score showed no differences before and after the intervention. Plasma concentrations of N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide and N-methyl-4-pyridone-5-carboxamide were significantly increased dose-dependently by NMN administration. The single oral administration of NMN was safe and effectively metabolized in healthy men without causing any significant deleterious effects. Thus, the oral administration of NMN was found to be feasible, implicating a potential therapeutic strategy to mitigate aging-related disorders in humans.
著者
Ichiro Abe Hideyuki Fujii Hanako Ohishi Kaoru Sugimoto Midori Minezaki Midori Nakagawa Saori Takahara Tadachika Kudo Makiko Abe Kenji Ohe Toshihiko Yanase Kunihisa Kobayashi
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.2, pp.187-192, 2019 (Released:2019-02-28)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
5

Glucose intolerance is often observed in patients with pheochromocytoma. However, it remains controversial issue that glucose intolerance on pheochromocytoma is caused by impaired insulin secretion and/or by increased insulin resistance. We aimed to reveal the mechanism of glucose intolerance on pheochromocytoma with regard to the type and amount of catecholamines released. We evaluated 12 individuals diagnosed with pheochromocytoma and who underwent surgery to remove it. We examined glycemic parameters before and after surgery and investigated the association between the change of parameters of insulin secretion (homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-β)), insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)) and that of urinary levels of metanephrine/normetanephrine before and after surgery. Overall, fasting plasma glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), HOMA-β, and HOMA-IR were improved significantly after surgery. Regression analysis showed that the improvement in HOMA-β from before to after surgery was significantly positively associated with an improvement in urinary levels of metanephrine from before to after surgery and showed a significantly negative association with improvement in urinary levels of normetanephrine from before to after surgery. The improvement in HOMA-IR from before to after surgery was significantly positively associated with an improvement in urinary levels of normetanephrine from before to after surgery. Our results showed that pheochromocytoma extirpation improved glycemic parameters. Furthermore, the different effects elicited by excess amounts of adrenaline and noradrenaline on glucose intolerance were demonstrated.
著者
Satoru Suzuki Sanae Midorikawa Toshihiko Fukushima Hiroki Shimura Tetsuya Ohira Akira Ohtsuru Masafumi Abe Yoshisada Shibata Shunichi Yamashita Shinichi Suzuki
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.3, pp.261-268, 2015 (Released:2015-03-30)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
7 23

Although several reports have defined normal thyroid volume depending on either age or body surface, there are no sequential reference values on childhood thyroid volume evaluated by using ultrasonography and epidemiological analysis in Japan. The aim of the present study was to establish updated reference values for thyroid volume by ultrasound examination and epidemiological analysis in 0-19 year-old Japanese children. It is based on a cross-sectional study conducted from October 9, 2011 to March 31, 2012. The subjects were 38,063 children who were examined by ultrasonography as the initial preliminary survey of the Fukushima Health Management Survey in October 9, 2011 to March 31, 2012. The width, thickness, and height of each lobe were measured and the volume of each lobe was calculated by the mean of the elliptical shape volume formula. The values of thyroid volume at the 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles of age and body surface area for each gender group were obtained from 0-19 year-old children. Positive correlation was observed between thyroid volume and either age or body surface. The right lobe was significantly larger than the left lobe. The thyroid volume in females was larger than that in males after adjusting body surface area. The reference values of childhood thyroid for each age or body surface area were obtained by this extensive survey using ultrasound. These reference values may be used to define the normal size of thyroid gland by echosonography in Japanese children, although thyroid volume may be affected by dimorphic factors such as sex hormones.
著者
MASAMI OHMORI KAZUHIRO HARADA SHUICHI TSURUOKA KOH-ICHI SUGIMOTO EIJI KOBAYASHI AKIO FUJIMURA
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.4, pp.579-583, 1999 (Released:2006-11-25)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
3 7

Here we report a case of levothyroxine-induced liver dysfunction. T4 (levothyroxine) has been more commonly used for the treatment of hypothyroidism than T3 active hormone (triiodothyronine), because with the former drug a stabler plasma concentration is obtained after oral administration. Although there are few reports on levothyroxine-induced liver dysfunction, we treated a primary hypothyroid patient with high serum aminotransferase after administration of levothyroxine. Liver dysfunction was improved after cessation of the drug administration. Antibody to T4 was found in the serum of the patient after this event. From clinical course and laboratory data of the patient, the episode of liver damage was considered to be induced by levothyroxine. We then administrated triiodothyronine, and it did not induce liver dysfunction. Changing levothyroxine to triiodothyronine resulted in a successful clinical course in this case, as re-administration of the doubtful drug is strictly limited.
著者
YASUKO WATANABE SACHIKO SHIBATA BONRO KOBAYASHI
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrinologia Japonica (ISSN:00137219)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.133-147, 1969 (Released:2011-01-25)
参考文献数
33

dependence of the magnitude of serotonin creatinine sulfate-induced swelling upon the inducer concentration was evident down to 5×10-6M. Possibility of heavy metal contamination was excluded by the use of ash obtained after combustion of the serotonin preparation employed. Serotonin hydrochloride prepared by a novel Sephadex G-10 column method was shown to induce mitochondrial swelling. Sulfate or creatinine sulfate enhanced the swelling activity of serotonin. The time-course of serotonin-induced swelling simulated that of the swelling induced by NAD-linked substrate of mitochondrial oxidation. On a molar basis, serotonin was found to be more active than the NAD-linked substrates or some of the related indole derivatives. NAD-linked substrates interacted synergistically, and Ca2+ interacted additively with serotonin in the induction of swelling. Succinate markedly counteracted the serotonin effect. Serotonin-induced swelling was reversed by ATP, without an requirement of extraneous Mg2+. It was prevented by serum albumin, rotenone, amytal, antimycin A, dinitrophenol, and cyanide, but could not be prevented by a monoamine oxidase inhibitor β-isopropylphenylhydrazine. It differed from ascorbate-induced lysis in both the time course and magnitude. Ascorbate-induced mitochondrial lysis was prevented by serotonin. Dependence of serotonin-induced swelling on the NAD-branch of the respiratory chain was proposed and possible mechanism of the action was discussed.