著者
Kei Sawada Shigehiro Karashima Mitsuhiro Kometani Rie Oka Yoshimichi Takeda Toshitaka Sawamura Aya Fujimoto Masashi Demura Ayako Wakayama Mikiya Usukura Kunimasa Yagi Yoshiyu Takeda Takashi Yoneda
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0440, (Released:2018-02-20)

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is often associated with metabolic disorders such as obesity and type 2 diabetes and may contribute to cardiovascular events. A novel class of antidiabetic drugs, the sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) reduce body weight (BW), although there is limited data on their impact on OSAS. We therefore evaluated the effect of SGLT2i on OSAS in patients with type 2 diabetes. The presented study was a retrospective design in 18 patients with type 2 diabetes with OSAS (4 males, age range 39–81 yr) administrated a SGLT2i. HbA1c, BW, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP) and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) were evaluated before and after SGLT2i administration. The relationships between the reduction in AHI and the other variables were examined using Pearson correlation analysis. We have got result that SGLT2i reduced AHI from 31.9 ± 18.0 to 18.8 ± 11.5 events per hr (p = 0.003). HbA1c, BW and BMI decreased significantly, whereas BP did not. The Pearson correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between the reduction in AHI and pre-administration of AHI. In conclusion, SGLT2i reduced not only HbA1c, BW and BMI but also AHI significantly and therefore has potential as an effective treatment of OSAS.
著者
Tetiana I. Bogdanova Vladimir A. Saenko Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masahiro Ito Liudmyla Yu. Zurnadzhy Toshitetsu Hayashi Tatiana I. Rogounovitch Akira Miyauchi Mykola D. Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.10, pp.977-993, 2017 (Released:2017-10-28)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
1 1

This study set out to compare structural and invasive characteristics of sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in age-matched groups of children and adolescents of Japan and Ukraine to provide detailed histopathological analysis of tumors from different geographical areas with different iodine intake. A total of 348 (160 Japanese and 188 Ukrainian) PTCs from patients without radiation history were analyzed initially as a combined pediatric group and then subdivided into childhood (aged ≤14 years) and adolescent (aged from 15 to ≤18 years) age series. On multivariate comparison, the Japanese pediatric PTC was characterized by a higher sex ratio (p=1.504E-4), and a higher frequency of microcarcinoma (p=0.039), papillary dominant growth pattern (p=0.024), focal oxyphilic cell metaplasia (p=7.644E-6), intrathyroid spread (p=0.010), lymphatic/vascular invasion (p=0.01) and regional lymph node metastases (p=3.540E-6). In the Ukrainian group, multifocal (p=0.004) and non-encapsulated tumors with the solid-trabecular growth pattern (p=0.05) were more frequent. Childhood Japanese PTCs differed from Ukrainian PTCs by more pronounced invasive properties such as lymphatic/vascular invasion and nodal disease, but did not differ by the dominant growth pattern. In adolescents, the differences were detected not only for lymph node metastases, but also for a higher frequency of the papillary dominant pattern in Japanese PTC. Overall, significantly higher frequencies of oxyphilic cell metaplasia and more pronounced invasive features observed in the Japanese PTC in both age-matched series represent the major differences between the tumors from two geographical areas.
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:13484540)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.3, pp.237-244, 2017 (Released:2017-03-31)
被引用文献数
9
著者
MASAMI OHMORI KAZUHIRO HARADA SHUICHI TSURUOKA KOH-ICHI SUGIMOTO EIJI KOBAYASHI AKIO FUJIMURA
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.4, pp.579-583, 1999 (Released:2006-11-25)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
3 3

Here we report a case of levothyroxine-induced liver dysfunction. T4 (levothyroxine) has been more commonly used for the treatment of hypothyroidism than T3 active hormone (triiodothyronine), because with the former drug a stabler plasma concentration is obtained after oral administration. Although there are few reports on levothyroxine-induced liver dysfunction, we treated a primary hypothyroid patient with high serum aminotransferase after administration of levothyroxine. Liver dysfunction was improved after cessation of the drug administration. Antibody to T4 was found in the serum of the patient after this event. From clinical course and laboratory data of the patient, the episode of liver damage was considered to be induced by levothyroxine. We then administrated triiodothyronine, and it did not induce liver dysfunction. Changing levothyroxine to triiodothyronine resulted in a successful clinical course in this case, as re-administration of the doubtful drug is strictly limited.
著者
Satoru Suzuki Sanae Midorikawa Toshihiko Fukushima Hiroki Shimura Tetsuya Ohira Akira Ohtsuru Masafumi Abe Yoshisada Shibata Shunichi Yamashita Shinichi Suzuki
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.3, pp.261-268, 2015 (Released:2015-03-30)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
7 9

Although several reports have defined normal thyroid volume depending on either age or body surface, there are no sequential reference values on childhood thyroid volume evaluated by using ultrasonography and epidemiological analysis in Japan. The aim of the present study was to establish updated reference values for thyroid volume by ultrasound examination and epidemiological analysis in 0-19 year-old Japanese children. It is based on a cross-sectional study conducted from October 9, 2011 to March 31, 2012. The subjects were 38,063 children who were examined by ultrasonography as the initial preliminary survey of the Fukushima Health Management Survey in October 9, 2011 to March 31, 2012. The width, thickness, and height of each lobe were measured and the volume of each lobe was calculated by the mean of the elliptical shape volume formula. The values of thyroid volume at the 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles of age and body surface area for each gender group were obtained from 0-19 year-old children. Positive correlation was observed between thyroid volume and either age or body surface. The right lobe was significantly larger than the left lobe. The thyroid volume in females was larger than that in males after adjusting body surface area. The reference values of childhood thyroid for each age or body surface area were obtained by this extensive survey using ultrasound. These reference values may be used to define the normal size of thyroid gland by echosonography in Japanese children, although thyroid volume may be affected by dimorphic factors such as sex hormones.
著者
Yasuhiro ITO Akira MIYAUCHI
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.2, pp.177-192, 2009 (Released:2009-04-29)
参考文献数
113
被引用文献数
67 72

Differentiated thyroid carcinoma originates from thyroid follicular cells and is the most prominent malignancy of the endocrine organs. There are two histological types of differentiated carcinoma, namely, papillary and follicular carcinoma. According to reports from Western countries, papillary carcinoma comprises 85.3% of thyroid malignancies in whites, and 72.3% in blacks [1, 2]. In Japan, a previous study showed that the prevalence of papillary carcinoma was 78.4% based on material registered between 1977 and 1986 [3], but according to recent findings reported in 2004 by Japanese Society of Thyroid Surgeons (JSTS), papillary carcinoma accounted for as much as 93% of all thyroid carcinomas. Papillary carcinoma frequently metastasizes to the regional lymph node and shows multicentricity in the thyroid gland. It usually shows a typical ultrasonographic appearance and can be rather easily diagnosed by fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) [4-6]. Follicular carcinoma accounts for 10.9-20.5% of the patients in the United States [1, 2]. In Japan, the prevalence of follicular carcinoma was reported to be 17.2% [3], but it decreased to 5% in a report by JSTS in 2004. This carcinoma is only occasionally diagnosed preoperatively, because it is hard to discriminate follicular carcinoma from benign adenoma on imaging studies and cytologic findings. In contrast to papillary carcinoma, follicular carcinoma more often metastasizes to distant organs than regional lymph nodes. In Japan, the prevalence of papillary carcinoma increased and that of follicular carcinoma decreased between reports from 1977 to 1986 and that in 2004, which may be because follicular variant of papillary carcinoma was classified into follicular carcinoma in the previous results. Generally, these carcinomas show an indolent character, but when the lesion dedifferentiates and becomes undifferentiated carcinoma, it displays very rapid growth with an adverse prognosis and is regarded even as the most aggressive malignancy among human solid carcinomas [7, 8]. Furthermore, cases showing certain characteristics are likely to be constantly progressive and even become life-threatening. Such cases should be regarded as "high-risk" requiring careful and extensive surgical treatment and postoperative follow-up. Indeed, it is most important for physicians to correctly distinguish high-risk cases from those with an indolent character, although how to evaluate the biological characteristics of thyroid carcinoma and how to identify high-risk cases remains highly controversial. In this review, the methods of distinguishing high-risk cases and the appropriate therapeutic strategies for papillary and follicular carcinomas predominantly based on our experience are emphasized and our proposals for therapies including surgical treatment are demonstrated.
著者
Ryosuke Sakai Yoshitaka Hashimoto Emi Ushigome Akane Miki Takuro Okamura Masako Matsugasumi Takuya Fukuda Saori Majima Shinobu Matsumoto Takafumi Senmaru Masahide Hamaguchi Muhei Tanaka Mai Asano Masahiro Yamazaki Yohei Oda Michiaki Fukui
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0414, (Released:2018-01-27)
被引用文献数
1

Skipping breakfast or irregular breakfast is associated with poor glycemic control. However, a relationship between the timing of dinner and glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes remains indefinite. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between late-night-dinner and glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes. We performed questionnaire survey for lifestyle factors in this cross-sectional study. We defined having dinner later than eight pm as late-night-dinner. We examined the differences in clinical and metabolic parameters between those who have late-night-dinner and those who do not have. We also examined the relationship between late-night-dinner and HbA1c, using multiple regression analysis. Ninety-five people (23.2%) had a late-night-dinner, among 409 people with type 2 diabetes. Metabolic parameters (mean (SD) or median (interquartile range)) of people with late-night-dinner were worse than those of without, including body mass index (BMI) (24.4 (4.0) vs. 23.2 (3.4) kg/m2, p = 0.006), triglycerides (1.5 (1.1–2.1) vs. 1.2 (0.8–1.7) mmol/L, p < 0.001), HDL-cholesterol (1.4 (0.4) vs. 1.6 (0.4) mmol/L, p = 0.004) and hemoglobin A1c (58.1 (13.3) vs. 55.2 (10.2) mmol/mol, (7.5 (1.2) vs. 7.2 (0.9) %), p = 0.023)). Late-night-dinner (standardized regression coefficient = 0.13, p = 0.028) was associated with hemoglobin A1c after adjusting for age, BMI, sex, duration of diabetes, smoking, exercise, alcohol, snacking after dinner, nighttime sleep duration, time from dinner to bedtime, skipping breakfast, and medication for diabetes. Late-night-dinner is independently associated with poor glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes.
著者
IZAWA MASAO
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrinologia Japonica (ISSN:00137219)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.2, pp.233-238, 1990
被引用文献数
2

When the <I>in vitro</I> translation products of mRNAs from castrated animals (48h) were compared with those from androgen-treated animals (48 h) to survey the molecular mechanism of androgen-responsive gene expressions in the rat seminal vesicles, some peptide bands which were repressed in response to androgen were observed. From these findings, we constructed a partial cDNA library of poly (A+) RNAs which had been isolated from the seminal vesicles of castrated rats (48 h) and modestly enriched with respect to the concentration of androgen-repressed mRNAs by sucrose density gradient centrifugation, and screened by differential colony hybridization. One cDNA clone, pSvr-1, whose mRNA is markedly induced within 24h after castration of the animal in the seminal vesicles as well as in the ventral prostate, was isolated. pSvr-1 hybridized to a mRNA of 1, 700 nucleotides in length. Partial sequence analysis showed that this clone had highly homologous but not identical sequences to those reported for rat sulfated glycoprotein-2. This cDNA clone may provide a useful probe for the study of the negative regulation mechanism of gene expression by androgens.
著者
Yinhua Ni Tao Wu Luna Yang Yang Xu Tsuguhito Ota Zhengwei Fu
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0500, (Released:2018-03-10)

Oxidative stress caused free radical and mitochondrial damage plays a critical role in the progression of aging and age-related damage at the cellular and tissue levels. Antioxidant supplementation has received growing attention and the effects of antioxidant on aging are increasingly assessed in both animal and human studies. However, additional and more promising treatments that contribute to the expansion of anti-aging therapies are needed. Astaxanthin, a super antioxidant carotenoid and free radical scavenger, inhibits lipid peroxidation more potently than vitamin E. In the present study, we investigated the preventative effects of astaxanthin on aging using an accelerated aging model: mice chronically treated with a combination of D-galactose and jet lag. After 6 weeks of treatment, astaxanthin administration tended to protect the liver weight loss in aged mice. It is probably by upregulating the mRNA expression of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase, which contribute to the enhancement of D-galactose metabolism. Astaxanthin supplementation also improved muscle endurance of aged mice in a swimming test. These results were associated with reduced oxidative stress in serum and increased anti-oxidative enzymes activities and mRNA expression in vivo. Moreover, astaxanthin reversed the dysregulation of aging-related gene expression caused by the combination of D-galactose and jet lag in the liver and kidney of mice. In conclusion, astaxanthin prevents liver weight loss, ameliorates locomotive muscular function, exerts significant anti-aging effects by reducing oxidative stress and improving the expression of age-related genes in D-galactose and jet lag-induced aging model.
著者
Yasuhiro Ito Akira Miyauchi Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masatoshi Yamamoto Hitomi Oda Hiroo Masuoka Hisanori Sasai Mitsuhiro Fukushima Takuya Higashiyama Minoru Kihara Akihiro Miya
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0524, (Released:2018-04-04)

Follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC), a form of differentiated thyroid carcinoma, is the second most common malignancy arising from thyroid follicular cells. Recently, the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification for differentiated thyroid carcinoma was revised from the 7th to the 8th edition. The diagnostic criteria for poorly differentiated carcinoma (PDC) were also updated in the latest World Health Organization (WHO) classification. In this study, we investigated whether these changes are appropriate for accurately predicting prognosis. Three hundred and twenty-nine patients diagnosed with postoperative pathologically confirmed FTC, who underwent initial surgery at our hospital between 1984 and 2004, were enrolled. For this study, patients were re-evaluated and diagnosed with FTC (N = 285) or PDC (N = 44) without typical nuclear findings of papillary thyroid carcinoma. For FTC, the 8th TNM classification was a more accurate predictor of prognosis than the 7th TNM classification. In the 8th TNM classification, cause-specific survival became significantly poorer from Stage I to IVB. The cause-specific survival of PDC based on the latest WHO classification was worse than, but did not significantly differ from, that of PDC based only on the former WHO classification. For PDC, neither of the TNM classifications could accurately predict prognosis. Taken together, we conclude that (1) the 8th TNM classification more accurately reflects the prognosis of FTC than the 7th TNM classification; (2) PDC based on the former WHO classification should be retained, at least in Japan; and (3) the TNM classification may not be suitable for predicting the prognosis of PDC.
著者
Toshihiko Yanase Ikumi Yanagita Kazuo Muta Hajime Nawata
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0390, (Released:2017-12-14)
被引用文献数
1

Frailty is a state of vulnerability and a consequence of cumulative decline in multiple physiological systems over a lifespan. The occurrence of frailty depends on deterioration in muscle and nerve function, declining cardiopulmonary reserve and loss of executive function. Diabetes mellitus (DM) often causes functional impairment in each of the above systems, thus leading to a loss of whole body homeostasis and deterioration in physical function. Inability of self-management in DM patients may also have considerable impact on the development of sarcopenia/frailty. Thus, there may be positive feedback between the progression of diabetic complications and frailty/sarcopenia. While various factors are involved in this process, insulin resistance or insulin depletion may be an important factor in the progression of frailty in diabetes patients since insulin is well known to be an anabolic hormone in muscle. Interestingly, in our study targeting elderly DM patients, low HbA1c was a significant and independent risk factor for frailty, as assessed using a broad sense frailty scale, the Clinical Frailty Scale (CSF), suggesting that reverse metabolism due to malnutrition in elderly type 2 DM patients might be involved. Therefore, an intervention that includes proper nutrition and exercise training may be essential for the prevention of frailty. The pathogenesis of frailty in DM patients is extensively discussed in this review.
著者
Yukio IKEDA Tadashi SUEHIRO Shigeo YAMANAKA Yoshitaka KUMON Hiroshi TAKATA Shojiro INADA Naoko OGAMI Fumiaki OSAKI Mari INOUE Kaoru ARII Kozo HASHIMOTO
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.5, pp.665-670, 2006 (Released:2006-10-31)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
6 6

The oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) plays a central role in the initiation and acceleration of atherosclerosis. Iron plays a part in the formation of highly toxic free radicals such as hydroxide and superoxide anions, which can induce lipid peroxidation. We investigated whether serum iron status was associated with circulating oxidized LDL (oxLDL) levels in type 2 diabetic patients, in whom oxidative stress and susceptibility to lipid oxidation were supposedly increased. Serum ferritin levels were significantly correlated with plasma oxLDL concentrations in both male and female patients (p<0.02 and p<0.05, respectively). No correlation was detected between ferritin and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations despite the close correlation between LDL-C and oxLDL concentrations (p<0.0001). Stepwise regression analysis showed that ferritin concentration was an independent positive determinant of oxLDL level, in addition to triglyceride concentration, body mass index and sex. This is the first report to show that serum ferritin is associated with circulating oxLDL levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Further work is required to establish a causative link between iron excess and the development of diabetic vascular complications.
著者
Akira Sugawara Akira Uruno Masataka Kudo Ken Matsuda Chul Woo Yang Sadayoshi Ito
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.10, pp.847-852, 2010 (Released:2010-10-30)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
28 28

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ is a nuclear hormone receptor that is trans-activated by its ligands including insulin-sensitizing thiazolidinediones. PPARγ has recently been reported to demonstrate pleiotropic beneficial effects in the vasculatures, independent of its blood glucose-lowering effects. Firstly, PPARγ ligands have been shown to lower blood pressure in both animals and human. The effect may possibly be mediated via the PPARγ-mediated inhibition of the angiotensin (Ang) II type 1 receptor expression as well as Ang II-mediated signaling pathways, which may result in the suppression of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Secondly, the progression of atherosclerosis was also prevented by PPARγ ligands in both animals and human. In addition to the PPARγ-mediated suppression of the RAS and the thromboxane A2 system, protective effects of PPARγ ligands on endothelial function may also be involved. Thirdly, reno-protective effects of PPARγ ligands, especially on reducing urinary albumin, have been observed in both animals and human not only in diabetic nephropathy but also in non-diabetic renal diseases. The reno-protective effects may be mediated, at least in part, via the PPARγ ligand-induced blood pressure-lowering effects, protective effects on endothelial function, and vasodilating effects on the glomerular efferent arterioles. Additionally, anti-cancer effects of PPARγ ligands have recently been reported. Taken together, usefulness and effectiveness of PPARγ ligands on lifestyle related diseases will be increasingly appreciated.
著者
Takako Sugisawa Ichiro Kishimoto Yoshihiro Kokubo Hisashi Makino Yoshihiro Miyamoto Yasunao Yoshimasa
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.8, pp.727-733, 2010 (Released:2010-09-02)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
23 20

The inverse association between plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and body mass index (BMI) has been reported in Western populations. Here we analyzed the relationship between plasma BNP and obesity in a general urban Japanese population. We recruited 1,759 subjects without atrial fibrillation or history of ischemic heart disease aged 38-95 years (mean age ± standard deviation 64.5 ± 10.9 years, 56.1% women, mean BMI 22.8 ± 3.1 kg/m2) from the participants in the Suita Study between August 2002 and December 2003. In multivariable regression analyses adjusted for age, systolic blood pressure, pulse rate, serum creatinine, left ventricular hypertrophy in ECG, the inverse relationships between BNP levels and BMI (kg/m2) was found in both sexes (both p<0.001). Multivariable-adjusted mean plasma BNP levels in the group of BMI<18.5, 18.5≤BMI< 22, 22≤BMI<25, and 25≤BMI were 23.4, 17.9, 14.0 and 13.0 pg/mL, respectively (trend p<0.001). The negative association of body fat (percentage and mass), skin fold thickness, or waist circumference with BNP levels was observed the negative associations in both sexes (p<0.01). Among the obesity indices, body fat mass is most tightly associated with BNP. In conclusion, plasma BNP was inversely associated with obesityrelated markers such as body fat mass, skinfold thickness and waist circumferences after adjusted for relevant covariates in a Japanese population.
著者
Ko Harada Yoshihisa Hanayama Miho Yasuda Kou Hasegawa Mikako Obika Hitomi Kataoka Koichi Itoshima Ken Okada Fumio Otsuka
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ18-0187, (Released:2018-08-01)

The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between free testosterone (FT) level and parameters including laboratory data and data from questionnaires and to determine symptoms leading to the detection of late onset hypogonadism (LOH). We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients in whom serum FT was measured in our hospital. Aging Male Symptoms (AMS) score, self-rating depression scale (SDS) and frequency scale for the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG) score were used for questionnaires. A total of 205 patients were included in the analysis (55.2 ± 15.6 years of age, mean ± SD). Among them, 119 patients (58.0%) had an FT level of less than 8.5 pg/mL, which fulfills the diagnostic criterion of LOH syndrome according to the clinical practice manual for LOH in Japan. It was revealed that FSSG score was inversely correlated to serum FT levels (r = –0.3395, p < 0.001), although SDS and AMS scales did not show significant correlations to FT levels. Our study revealed a high prevalence of LOH syndrome among patients in whom the majority complained of general symptoms. Although GERD symptoms are generally not considered to be typical symptoms of LOH, our study indicates that those symptoms might be clues for the detection of LOH.
著者
Hiroaki Kurahashi Masami Watanabe Morito Sugimoto Yuichi Ariyoshi Sabina Mahmood Motoo Araki Kazushi Ishii Yasutomo Nasu Atsushi Nagai Hiromi Kumon
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.12, pp.1321-1327, 2013 (Released:2013-12-27)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
4 8

Gender identity disorder (GID) results from a disagreement between a person’s biological sex and the gender to which he or she identifies. With respect to the treatment of female to male GID, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is available. The uric acid (UA) level can be influenced by testosterone; however, the early effects and dose-dependency of TRT on the serum UA concentration have not been evaluated in this population. We herein conducted a dose-response analysis of TRT in 160 patients with female to male GID. The TRT consisted of three treatment groups who received intramuscular injections of testosterone enanthate: 125 mg every two weeks, 250 mg every three weeks and 250 mg every two weeks. Consequently, serum UA elevation was observed after three months of TRT and there was a tendency toward testosterone dose-dependency. The onset of hyperuricemia was more prevalent in the group who received the higher dose. We also demonstrated a positive correlation between increased levels of serum UA and serum creatinine. Since the level of serum creatinine represents an individual’s muscle volume and the muscle is a major source of purine, which induces UA upregulation, the serum UA elevation observed during TRT is at least partially attributed to an increase in muscle mass. This is the first study showing an association between serum UA elevation and a TRT-induced increase in muscle mass. The current study provides important information regarding TRT for the follow-up and management of the serum UA levels in GID patients.
著者
Wei Long Guanting Lu Wenbai Zhou Yuqi Yang Bin Zhang Hong Zhou Lihua Jiang Bin Yu
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ18-0156, (Released:2018-07-18)

To identify the spectrum and prevalence of thirteen causative genes mutations in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) patients, we collected blood samples and extracted genomic DNA of 106 CH patients, and designed a customized targeted next-generation sequencing panel containing 13 CH-causing genes to detect mutations. A total of 132 mutations were identified in 65.09% of patients (69/106) on the following nine genes: DUOX2, TG, TPO, TSHR, TTF1, TTF2, NKX2-5, PAX8 and GNAS. 69.70% (92/132) mutations related to thyroid dyshormonogenesis genes, including DUOX2 (n = 49), TG (n = 35), and TPO (n = 8). 21.21% (28/132) mutations related to thyroid dysgenesis genes, including TSHR (n = 19), TTF1 (n = 5), TTF2 (n = 1), PAX8 (n = 2), and NKX2-5 (n = 1). 9.09% (12/132) mutations related to GNAS, which was associated with thyrotropin resistance. No mutation of THRA, TSHB, IYD or SLC5A5 was detected. Among 69 mutations detected patients, 41 (59.42%) patients were two or more mutations detected, and mutations of 30 (43.48%) patients related to two or three genes. According to the pathomechanism of the mutant genes, 57.97% CH patients were classified as thyroid dyshormonogenesis. Overall, DUOX2, TG and TSHR mutations were the most common genetic defects in Chinese CH patients, and thyroid dyshormonogenesis could be the first genetic etiology of CH in Chinese. Besides, multiple mutations accounts for a part of genetic pathogenesis.
著者
Masahiro Nezu Masataka Kudo Ryo Morimoto Yoshikiyo Ono Kei Omata Yuta Tezuka Yasuhiro Igarashi Shin Hitachi Kei Takase Sadayoshi Ito Fumitoshi Satoh
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ18-0108, (Released:2018-07-13)

Acromegalic arthropathy is a common complication of acromegaly and harms the quality of life of the patients even after acromegaly is in long-term remission. A recent study demonstrated by knee MRI the characteristic structural features of acromegalic arthropathy. However, the effects of treatment for acromegaly on such structural features are almost unknown. This study was undertaken to analyze the effects of transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) on acromegalic arthropathy and elucidate whether knee MRI findings are reversible or irreversible. We analyzed 22 patients with acromegaly (63.7% females, median age 58 years) by knee MRI at diagnosis. Out of these 22 patients, 16 who underwent TSS (68.9% female, median age 58 years) were also subjected to knee MRI 2 months after TSS. As for X-ray undetectable findings, MRI detected synovial thickening, bone marrow lesion, ligament injury and meniscus injury in 22.7%, 22.7%, 4.7% and 59.1% of the patients, respectively. With respect to the 16 patients who underwent TSS, clinical and structural improvements were observed respectively in 100%, 66.7% and 66.7% of the patients who showed knee joint pain, synovial thickening and bone marrow lesion before TSS. However, no patient showed structural improvement of meniscus injury after TSS. In acromegalic arthropathy, synovial thickening and bone marrow lesions are reversible while meniscus injury is irreversible. Because all those findings are associated with the exacerbation of arthropathy, they may be therapeutic targets for preventing the progression of arthropathy by endocrinological and orthopedic intervention.
著者
Kennichi Kakudo Yanhua Bai Zhiyan Liu Yaqion Li Yasuhiro Ito Takashi Ozaki
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.1, pp.1-12, 2012 (Released:2012-01-31)
参考文献数
73
被引用文献数
16 24

We propose a new classification of thyroid follicular cell tumors which is correlated with patient’s prognosis. It is unique as to two new categories: borderline malignancy between benign and malignant, and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (MDA) as a differentiation classification to stratify tumor aggressiveness. As to diagnostic criteria, we recommend invasiveness (capsular and vascular invasion) to separate benign and malignant and it should not be based on presence or absence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) type nuclear features (PTC-N). Thus borderline malignancy in our new classification includes some of the formerly malignant tumors and they are 1) papillary microcarcinoma, 2) encapsulated conventional PTC (EncPTC), 3) encapsulated follicular variant PTC (EnFVPTC), 4) well differentiated tumor of uncertain malignant potential (WDT-UMP), 5) follicular tumors of uncertain malignant potential (FT-UMP), and 6) capsular invasion only follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC). Review of the literature revealed that those thyroid tumors have consistently excellent outcome. Well differentiated follicular cell adenocarcinoma (WDA) in our classification includes common type PTC and low-risk follicular carcinoma (FTC). They are invasive (diffuse infiltrative) common type PTC and minimally invasive type FTC with less than 4 foci of angioinvasion. Moderately differentiated follicular cell adenocarcinoma (MDA) includes FTC with angioinvasion (more than 4), aggressive variants of PTC, such as tall cell, columnar cell, solid, loss of cellular polarity/cohesiveness (hobnail) variants and encapsulated carcinoma with high grade histology. Poorly differentiated carcinoma (PDC) includes PDC of WHO definition, insular carcinoma, tumors with minor anaplastic transformation and tumors with distant metastasis at presentation.
著者
Toru TAKEUCHI Osamu TSUTSUMI Yumiko IKEZUKI Yasushi TAKAI Yuji TAKETANI
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.165-169, 2004 (Released:2004-04-30)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
190 209

This study was performed to investigate the serum levels of bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disruptor, in women with ovarian dysfunction and obesity. Fasting serum samples were obtained from 19 non-obese and 7 obese women with normal menstrual cycles: 7 patients with hyperprolactinemia, 21 patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea, and 13 non-obese and 6 obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). BPA was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. BPA was detected in all human sera. Serum BPA concentrations were significantly higher in both non-obese and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (1.05 ± 0.10 ng/ml, 1.17 ± 0.16 ng/ml; p<0.05, respectively) and obese normal women (1.04 ± 0.09 ng/ml, p<0.05) compared with those in non-obese normal women (0.71 ± 0.09 ng/ml). There was no difference among women with hyperprolactinemia, women with hypothalamic amenorrhea, and non-obese normal women. There were significant positive correlations between serum BPA and total testosterone (r = 0.391, p<0.001), free testosterone (r = 0.504, p<0.001), androstenedione (r = 0.684, p<0.001), and DHEAS (r = 0.514, p<0.001) concentrations in all subjects. These findings show that there is a strong relationship between serum BPA and androgen concentrations, speculatively due to the effect of androgen on the metabolism of BPA.