著者
Yoichi Yoshida Yosuke Tajima Masaaki Kubota Eiichi Kobayashi Akihiko Adachi Yasuo Iwadate
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.oa.2022-0017, (Released:2022-11-01)
参考文献数
14

Objective: In radiation-induced carotid artery stenosis (RIS), morphological characteristics, such as bilateral and long lesion distances and in-stent stenosis, have been reported as common after carotid artery stenting (CAS). Here, we present 25 cases at our hospital wherein CAS was performed for RIS and compare the morphological characteristics and the safety of the treatment with cases of atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis (AS).Methods: Twenty-five lesions from 21 patients underwent CAS for RIS at our hospital between March 2002 and July 2020. The procedure was performed at a mean of 10.0 ± 5.2 years after radiation therapy with 60–72 Gy, with a median follow-up of 45 months. We retrospectively selected consecutive patients with AS with comparable follow-up times from the beginning of the study as controls. We compared the patients’ background, stenosis findings including plaque MRI, perioperative period, and postoperative course.Results: All patients in both groups completed the procedure, and the median follow-up time for the RIS and AS groups was 45 and 40 months, respectively (p = 0.1479). Patients in the RIS group had a lower mean age (69.9 ± 6.9 vs. 75.3 ± 7.04, p = 0.0075), a higher stenosis rate (79.1 ± 8.7% vs. 68.6 ± 11.7%, p = 0.0032), and longer stenosis greater than one vertebra (long lesions) (10 vs. 1, p = 0.0046) compared with the patients in the AS group. Although there was no significant difference in outcomes between the two groups, restenosis tended to be more common in the RIS group. Plaque MRI was characterized by a significantly higher T2WI signal (p = 0.0381) in the RIS group, which was attributable to the fact that a necrotic core has been reported commonly in the plaque tissue of RIS.Conclusion: RIS has a high likelihood of restenosis both morphologically and in terms of plaque characteristics. Thus, close follow-up is crucial.
著者
Yoichi Yoshida Eiichi Kobayashi Masaaki Kubota Akihiko Adachi Yasuo Iwadate
出版者
The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy
雑誌
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy (ISSN:18824072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.2, pp.106-115, 2022 (Released:2022-02-20)
参考文献数
20

Objective: We herein report two cases of transient cerebral vasoconstriction after carotid artery stenting (CAS).Case Presentation: An 81-year-old man presented with asymptomatic severe stenosis in the right carotid artery accompanied by a slight reduction in cerebrovascular reactivity. CAS was performed, but the patient had a generalized seizure because of transient cerebral ischemia caused by intolerance to carotid artery occlusion with balloon protection. Confusion and left hemiparesis persisted. DSA suggested cerebral ischemia due to vasoconstriction as the cause of these prolonged symptoms. A 66-year-old man presented with asymptomatic severe stenosis in the right carotid artery with slight hypoperfusion. CAS was performed. The patient developed left hemispatial neglect, dysarthria, and left hemiparesis 12 hours after the procedure. DSA revealed cerebral vasoconstriction in the responsible territory. The conditions of both patients improved within several days with medical treatment and they were discharged without neurological deficits.Conclusion: The cases presented herein show that transient ischemic complications caused by cerebral vasoconstriction may develop after CAS.