- Springer Japan
- Fisheries Science (ISSN:09199268)
- vol.75, no.3, pp.777-783, 2009-05
Larval metamorphosis inducers of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus were screened from physiologically active compounds. Doliolaria larvae completed their metamorphosis to juveniles in 120 hours when treated with 5-10 μM of dopamine and L-DOPA, and 50 μM of L-adrenaline and L-noradrenaline. Doliolaria larvae had to be exposed to dopamine or L-DOPA for at least 24 h. D1-like dopamine receptor antagonists SKF87566 and LE300 (10 μM) inhibited metamorphosis by dopamine. However, the D2-like dopamine receptor antagonists sulpiride and nemonapride (10 μM) did not inhibit the effect of dopamine. The results suggest that D1-like dopamine receptors are involved in larval metamorphosis of the sea cucumber A. japonicus.