- 美術研究 = The bijutsu kenkiu : the journal of art studies
- no.252, pp.13-31, 1968-03-25
The writer, devoted to the study of the so-called kohitsu-gire fragments of old manuscript copies of various classical works, has found a rare fragment of the Heiji Kassen Emaki or scroll paintings illustrative of the War of the Heiji era (1159 A.D.), world-famous because the first of the three existing scroll paintings is owned by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. The fragment is from the text which accompanied the scroll illustrating the battle of Rokuhara, Kyoto, of the Heiji War. This scroll in its integrity is now lost, and is known only by copies. This is the first time a fragment of the original text is introduced to the learned world, though small pieces of the paintings were found twenty years ago. The fragment, hitherto noticed by no art nor literature historians, can be seen without difficulty in the Shin Ga Jo album of kohitsu-gire fragments chromolithographically reproduced first in 1890 and then in 1939 by the Hongan Ji temple of the Hongan Ji Ha sect of the Shin-shu, known popularly as Nishi or Western Hongan Ji, Kyoto, Japan, probably from the originals in the possession of the temple. The writer, making into laborious tables her minute and exhaustive comparison of the calligraphy of the fragment and of each existing scroll of the Heiji Heiji differ in time of production with scrolls.paintings with one another, draws the conclusion that all the texts accompanying the Heiji paintings were written by one and the same hand. This conclusion, aided by the fact that some lines of the text are found on the same sheets of paper as the paintings and that the text and the painting ought to be contemporaneous with each other, is of great significance as it stands in the way of the new theory that the paintings of the Heiji differ in time of production with scrolls. Lastly, Miss Tamura collates critically the text of the Battle of Rokuhara Scroll with the standard current texts of the Heiji Monogatari (the Tale of Heiji), a literary account of the Heiji War. This scroll of the Heiji paintings has been neglected by students of Japanese literature.