著者
竹内 あすか
出版者
龍谷大学
雑誌
龍谷大学大学院研究紀要. 社会学・社会福祉学 (ISSN:13439855)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.1-16, 2007

This article deals with the relation between the medical discourse and that in the transgender community in Japan, which encompasses many participants of diverse gender identities. The participants communicate with one another not only in person but also by various means including internet. Sex-change surgery was recently legalized for those whose agony concerning gender identity cannot be removed by other means. A certain type of gender identity problems was medicalized as 'gender identity disorder'. Since the mass media reported a person who had undergone sex change surgery in Saitama Medical College, 'gender identity disorder' was socially acknowledged. Several affirmative reports contributed to make 'gender identity disorder' socially accepted. It seems that the medicalization is a great relief for those who have full assurance that only sex-change surgery can resolve their gender identity problems. This type of transgender people is categorized as TS (trans-sexual) in the transgender community, which also differentiates two other categories, TG (trans-gender), who may not undergo the surgery but take hormone treatment and TV (transvestite), who only manipulate their closes. Bu referring to the medicalization, a type of discourse that legitimizes and centers TS occurred in the community. It insists that only TS is pure and true and TG is less pure and further TV is rather false. While the medicalization aimed at saving transgender people, it leaded to the center-peripheral structure and to peripheralized participants' agony in the community. This article clarifies the process and logics how this discriminative structure arose, by looking at the medical and community discourse.
著者
磯野 博
出版者
龍谷大学
雑誌
龍谷大学大学院研究紀要. 社会学・社会福祉学 (ISSN:13439855)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.57-66, 2006-03

There are various factors to be Non-pension disabled people. However, Those factors are not regarded as social problem, but as self-responsible problem. This paper clears the problems of non-pensioner disabled people, through the history of their movement to recover pension. The first chapter In this chapter, the movement of Spinal Injuries Japan from 1975 to 1985, are shown. Spinal Injuries Japan was established in 1959. It is Spinal Injuries Japan that tackles the problems as a self help-group for the first time that tackles Non-pensioner problems for disabled people. In 1985, National Pension System was drastically reformed. A port of non-pensioner disabled people was relieved by this reforms. The second chapter In this chapter, the movement of The Association of Non-Pensioner Disabled People from 1986 to 1994, are shown. The Association of Non-Pensioner Disabled People was established in 1989. It insists strongly that problems of non-pensioner disabled people should not be regarded as problem of self-responsibility, but as problem of social responsibility. In 1982, it published the first inquiry report on problems of non-pensioner disabled people to prove the truth. The third chapter Various self-help-group tackle the problems of non-pensioner disabled students, to make the first step to solve the problems of non-pensioner disabled people. In 2001, some of self-help-groups start administrative litigation to 9 district courts. They win four cases. On April 2005, another new law to relieve non pensioner disabled people partially was enforced. The fourth chapter On November in 2005, the Association of Non-Pensioner Disabled People published the second inquiry report on the problem of non-pensioner disabled people. This report explains the problem of non-entry people and the problem of unpaid contribution. It shows these problems are non self-responsible problem, but social problem.