著者
OGAMI Ayumi MUTO Takashi HARUYAMA Yasuo YOSHIKAWA Toru
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
Tohoku journal of experimental medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.230, no.4, pp.255-263, 2013-08-01
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
2

In Japan, the number of workers with depressive symptoms has increased recently, and long working hours are considered one of the main contributing factors. Currently, the number of workers engaging in discretionary work is small but is expected to increase, as a diverse method of employment is believed to contribute to workers' well-being. However, the factors related to discretionary workers' depressive symptoms are unclear. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with depressive symptoms in discretionary workers. The subjects were 240 male discretionary workers in a Japanese insurance company. A cross-sectional study was performed using a questionnaire that includes demographic characteristics, living and working conditions, work-related and non-work-related stressful events, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Depressive symptoms were assessed as more than 16 points on the CES-D. Multiple logistic regression models were employed to estimate odd ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of depressive symptoms in relation to possible factors. Thirty-six subjects (15.5%) showed depressive symptoms. The depressive symptoms were significantly related to age (<i>p</i> = 0.04), presence of child(ren) (<i>p</i> = 0.02), and length of employment (<i>p</i> = 0.01), but unrelated to working hours. Subjects who reported "financial matters" (OR = 4.50, 95% CI = 1.89-10.72) and "own event" such as divorce or illness (OR = 2.93, 95% CI = 1.13-7.61) were more likely to show depressive symptoms. In conclusion, mental health measures for discretionary workers should focus on addressing financial difficulties and consultations and assistance in personal health and family issues.
著者
MARINKOVIC Slobodan STOSIC-OPINCAL Tatjana STRBAC Mile TOMIC Irina TOMIC Oliver DJORDJEVIC Drago
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
Tohoku journal of experimental medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.222, no.4, pp.297-302, 2010-12-01
被引用文献数
2

Radiology has attracted the world of art with the esthetic value of its images, and as a new medium for the artistic expression. In order to investigate the links between neuroradiology and art, we examined 12,763 artworks presented in corresponding publications and in Google images on the Internet. The selected artworks were created by 1,964 authors. To give our own contribution to this field, we produced several artful radiological images using the X-ray of 4 cerebral hemispheres, one dissected brain, serial sections of one head and brain, the vascular casts of 2 brains, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of one volunteer, and various options in Photoshop. Among the examined artworks, neuroradiological images were used in 129 artworks (1.01%) that were created by 31 artists (1.58%). The artists applied different radiological techniques: X-ray, angiography, computed tomography (CT), multislice CT, MRI, functional MRI, positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), either alone or in various combinations. They used the original images, i.e. radiographs or scans, or their electronic modifications in Photoshop or three-dimensional (3D) software. Some artworks presented the skull, yet others the brain, and still others both, either with or without a head image. The neuroradiological artworks were created as paintings, photographs, digital works and sculptures. Their authors were professional artists, designers, amateurs and radiologists. In conclusion, thanks to the esthetics of some radiological images and the valuable creations of certain artists, neuroradiology has become an important field of contemporary art.
著者
Kim Junghoon Tanabe Kai Yoshizawa Yasuyo Yokoyama Noriko Suga Yoko Kuno Shinya
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
Tohoku journal of experimental medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.229, no.1, pp.11-17, 2013
被引用文献数
16 5

Regular physical activity is associated with improvements of metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors. Furthermore, recent physical activity guidelines for health promotion recommend that moderate to vigorous physical activity should be performed in bouts lasting ≥ 10 min. Brisk walking is a popular and readily attainable form of moderate intensity physical activity and is suitable for the majority of individuals. However, it is unclear whether brisk walking lasting ≥ 10 min is associated with improvement in MetS. This study aimed to determine the effects of a 1-year lifestyle-based physical activity intervention with brisk walking of ≥ 10 min using a pedometer on the improvement in MetS. Three hundred and seventy-six overweight male employees with ≥ 1 MetS component(s) participated in this intervention study from 2008 to 2009 (age, 30-62 years; body mass index, 23.0-45.5 kg/m2). Overall, 316 participants (84%) completed the 1-year intervention. MetS was defined according to the Japanese criteria at baseline and after 1 year. Brisk walking lasting ≥ 10 min was significantly associated with the decrease in waist circumference (β = −1.479) and triglyceride (β = −31.260), and the increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (β = 2.117). The brisk walking step counts were also significantly associated with higher odds for an improvement in MetS (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.05-2.09) and abdominal obesity (OR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.12-1.87). In conclusion, the lifestyle-based intervention with brisk walking of ≥ 10 min is an effective strategy to improve MetS in overweight male employees.