- 一般財団法人 アジア政経学会
- アジア研究 (ISSN:00449237)
- vol.61, no.2, pp.40-54, 2015-06-30 (Released:2015-07-07)
Conventional arguments regarding the attitude of the Chinese populace toward the 2012 anti-Japanese demonstrations in China speculate on the characteristics and motivations of participants in anti-Japanese protests by observing their participation. By conducting surveys with average citizens at their residences immediately prior to anti-Japanese demonstrations rather than observing actual participants demonstrating on the street, this study sheds light on what regions and what types of people have the strongest inclination to demonstrate.First, it became clear that, prior to the occurrence of anti-Japanese demonstrations in 2012, different regions and income brackets differed in their inclination to demonstrate. On the whole, a trend of strong inclination to demonstrate was observed in the eastern region, where economic development is relatively advanced. Additionally, a strong inclination to demonstrate was observed among low-income individuals overall. A variety of factors increases a person’s inclination to demonstrate. A negative attitude toward Japan and a high level of patriotism are the factors that most increase inclination to demonstrate. Further, dissatisfaction with societal inequality and the belief that China protects freedom of speech are also factors that add to the inclination to demonstrate.