- The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
- Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin (ISSN:09186158)
- vol.44, no.4, pp.550-556, 2021-04-01 (Released:2021-04-01)
We previously reported a screening method for caloric restriction mimetics (CRM), a group of plant-derived compounds capable of inducing good health and longevity. In the present study, we explored the possibility of using this method to screen CRM drugs for drug repositioning. The method, T-cell activation-inhibitory assay, is based on inductive logic. Most of CRM such as resveratrol have been reported to suppress T-cell activation and have anti-inflammatory functions. Here, we assessed the activity of 12 antiallergic drugs through T-cell activation-inhibitory assay and selected four that showed the lowest IC50 values—ibudilast (IC50 0.97 µM), azelastine (IC50 7.2 µM), epinastine (IC50 16 µM), and amlexanox (IC50 33 µM)—for further investigation. Because azelastine showed high cytotoxicity, we selected only the remaining three drugs to study their biological functions. We found that all the three drugs suppressed the expression of interleukin (IL)-6, an inflammatory cytokine, in lipopolysaccharide-treated macrophage cells, with ibudilast being the strongest suppressor. Ibudilast also suppressed the secretion of another inflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and the expression of an inflammatory enzyme, cyclooxygenase-2, in the cells. These results suggest that T-cell activation-inhibitory assay can be used to screen potential CRM drugs having anti-inflammatory functions for the purpose of drug repositioning.