著者
Nlandu Roger Ngatu Kazuto Tayama Kanae Kanda Tomohiro Hirao
出版者
The Japanese Society for Hygiene
雑誌
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine (ISSN:1342078X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.41, 2022 (Released:2022-10-21)
参考文献数
32

Background: COVID-19 pandemic is tremendously impacted by socioeconomic and health determinants worldwide. This study aimed to determine factors associated with COVID-19 fatality among member states and partner countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).Methods: An ecological study was conducted using COVID-19 data of 48 countries for the period between 31 December 2019–31 December 2021. The outcome variables were COVID-19 case fatality rate (CFR) and years of life lost to COVID-19 (YLLs). Countries’ sociodemographics and COVID-19-related data were extracted from OECD website, Our World in Data, John Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center, Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and WHO.Results: In the first year of the pandemic (December 2019–January 2021), highest CFR was observed in Mexico, 8.51%, followed by China, 5.17% and Bulgaria, 4.12%), and highest YLLs was observed in Mexico, 2,055 per 100,000. At regional level, highest CFR was observed in North & central America, 4.25 (3.71) %, followed by South America (2.5 (0.1) %); whereas highest YLLs was observed in South America region 1457.5 (274.8) per 100,000, followed by North & central America, 1207.3 (908.1) per 100,000. As of 31 December 2021, Mexico (7.52%) and Bulgaria (4.78%) had highest CFR; on the other hand, highest YLLs was observed in England, 26.5 per 1,000, followed by the United States, 25.9 per 1,000. At regional level, highest CFR (3.37(3.19) %) and YLLs (16.7 (13) per 1,000) were both observed in North & central America. Globally, the analysis of the 2-year cumulative data showed inverse correlation between CFR and nurse per 10,000 (R = −0.48; p < 0.05) and GDP per capita (R = −0.54; p < 0.001), whereas positive correlation was observed between YLLs and elderly population rate (R = 0.66; p < 0.05) and overweight/obese population rates (R = 0.55; p < 0.05).Conclusion: This study provides insights on COVID-19 burden among OECD states and partner countries. GDP per capita, overweight/obesity and the rate of elderly population emerged as major social and health determinants of COVID-19 related burden and fatality. Findings suggest that a robust economy and interventions designed to promote healthy longevity and prevent weight gain in at-risk individuals might reduce COVID-19 burden and fatality among OECD states and partner countries.

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詩型コロナウイルス感染症 研究: <OECD加盟国およびパートナー国における国および地域のCOVID-19の負担と決定要因 > Link: https://t.co/Qj92NON8E1
COVID-19 RESEARCH: Our New Contribution just published. "Country-level & Regional COVID-19 Burden and Determinants across OECD States and Partner countries". It provides insights on COVID-19 burden/fatality across 48 OECD states and partner countries. https://t.co/Qj92NON8E1
https://t.co/Qj92NON8E1 https://t.co/RMFcIPdCnu
RECHERCHE SUR COVID-19: Publication de Notre etude couvrant 48 pays, pr les 2 premieres annees de la Pandemie. Titre: "Epidemiologie et Déterminants de la COVID-19, au niveau national et régional, dans les Etats de l'OCDE et Pays Partenaires ". https://t.co/Qj92NON8E1

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