- 一般社団法人 日本機械学会
- 日本機械学会論文集 B編 (ISSN:03875016)
- vol.67, no.659, pp.1680-1686, 2001-07-25 (Released:2008-03-28)
Experiments are carried out to investigate behavior of shock wave diffraction from a safety-engineering point of view. Because, once the shock wave is released into an ambience, high pressure and negative pressure lasting for relatively long period have possibility to cause serious damages against human bodies as well as general buildings. Therefore, it should be one of the most significant subjects to attenuate the shock wave efficiently within a short distance from the source. In this report, a cavity is installed at an open end of a shock tube and flow-fields behind diffracted shock wave are visualized using schlieren photography. In addition, piezo-electric pressure transducer is flush mounted on the surface of reflector, which is installed at test section, and pressure histories are recorded with wide frequency response. Lastly, numerical simulation using the TVD finite difference scheme is performed to compare with the experimental results. As a result, (i) the pressure histories on the reflector coincides well between the numerical and experimental results, (ii) flow-fields behind the shock wave are clarified, (iii) maximum pressure behind reflected shock wave can be attenuated by installing several cavities inside the open end of the shock tube.