著者
Yoshikazu AOKI Hideo AKASAKO Kiyotaka ISHIDA
出版者
Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences
雑誌
Mineralogical Journal (ISSN:05442540)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.8, pp.385-395, 1981 (Released:2007-03-31)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
2 1

Taneyamalite is triclinic, space group P1 or P-1, unit cell parameters: a=10.1882±0.0012, b=9.7544±0.0006, c=9.5674±0.0011 Å, α=90.429°±0.019°, β=71.025°±0.014°, γ=109.168°±0.007°, V=844.03±0.13 Å3, Z=1. Principal powder lines (d in Å) with relative intensities and indices are: 9.155(100) (010), 7.948(22) (-110), 4.578(15) (020), 3.614(13) (120), 3.252(37) (-130), 3.067(17) (-230), 2.774(24) (220), 2.665(18) (3-13), 2.202(21) (230), 1.696(17) (5-43), 1.686(12) (150). Wet chemical analysis gives: SiO2 40.32, TiO2 0.05, Al2O3, 2.08, Fe2O3 8.68, FeO 11.88, MnO 23.83, MgO 2.50, CaO 0.53, Na2O 1.63, K2O 0.10, H2O+ 6.99, H2O− 0.73, total 99.32%, corresponding to (Na0.91Ca0.16K0.04)Σ1.11 (Mn2+5078Mg1.07Fe2+2.85Fe3+1.87Al0.26)Σ11.83 (Si11.55 Al0.44 Ti0.01)Σ12.00(O30.63 (OH)13.37)Σ44.00 on the basis of O+OH=44. The ideal formula is (Na, Ca) (Mn2+, Mg, Fe2+, Fe3+, Al)12 (Si, Al)12 (O, OH)44, where Na and Mn2+ are the most dominant species in the respective sites. Therefore, taneyamalite is a Mn2+-dominant analogue of howieite. It is dark brown to black ni color, luster vitreous. Streak brown. Good (010) and fair (100) cleavages. Mohs’ hardness of the aggregate is 5–6. Specific gravity 3.30 (meas.), density 3.34 (calc. on unit cell data) and 3.31 (calc. on Gladstone-Dale’s law). It is optically biaxial, negative, 2V about 70°, refractive indices α=1.697, β=1.720, γ=1.732. Pleochroism and absorption are X=pale golden yellow, Y=yellowish brown, Z=dark brown; X<Y<Z. Infrared spectrum shows strong absorptions at 3525, 3420, 1029, 969, 617, 478 and 430 cm−1. These properties indicate a close relation of the mineral to howieite. The mineral occurs as aggregates of needle-like crystals in cracks or as subordinate component in metamorphosed ferruginous chert belonging to glaucophane schist facies at the Taneyama mine, Kumamoto Prefecture, Southwestern Japan.

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種山石 Taneyamalite (Na,Ca)MnII₁₂(Si,Al)₁₂(O,OH)₄₄ 知る人ぞ知るdeerite-howieiteグループに属する日本産新鉱物。メタリックな色彩と繊維状の結晶が特徴的。青木ほか(1981)によって報告された。 https://t.co/ERV3ajWRtR #晶洞岩鉱図鑑 #MineralMonday #自慢の鉱物や石でTLを埋める https://t.co/NRYYEI4IXY

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