- Japanese Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
- Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences (ISSN:13473182)
- pp.mp.2020-0064, (Released:2020-08-28)
Purpose: To investigate whether shortened acquisition or multiple arterial phase acquisition improves image quality of the arterial phase compared with conventional protocol.Methods: This retrospective study was approved by the relevant Institutional Review Board. A total of 615 consecutive patients who underwent gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI including one of the following three sequences in three different periods were included: (i) conventional liver acquisition with volume acceleration (LAVA) (between October 2014 and January 2015, n = 149), (ii) Turbo-LAVA (between March and August 2016, n = 216), and (iii) differential sub-sampling with Cartesian ordering (DISCO) (between January and September 2015, n = 250). We monitored the respiratory bellows waveform during breath holding for each patient and recorded breath-hold fidelity of the patients. Two radiologists independently evaluated the degree of respiratory artifact and scan timing on the arterial phase and compared them between the three protocols (i.e., conventional LAVA, Turbo-LAVA, and DISCO), with conventional LAVA as control.Results: The ratio of patients with breath-hold failure was not significantly different among the three protocols (P = 0.6340 and 0.1085). Respiratory artifact was significantly lower in DISCO than in conventional LAVA (P = 0.0424), while there was no significant difference between Turbo-LAVA and conventional LAVA (P = 0.2593). The ratio of adequate scan timing and diagnosable image defined as no or mild artifact and adequate scan timing were higher in DISCO than in conventional LAVA (P = 0.0025 and 0.0019), while there was no significant difference between Turbo-LAVA and conventional LAVA (P = 0.0780 and 0.0657).Conclusion: Compared with conventional protocol, multiple arterial phase acquisition (DISCO) obtained a higher number of diagnosable images by reducing respiratory motion artifact and optimizing the scan timing of arterial phase.