- 東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
- vol.36, pp.407-415, 1996-12-20
This paper examines the concept of art education of Ryusei Kishida(1891-1929) focusing on the meaning of "Shasei"("realism of sketching") and "Shajitsu" ("realism") , for the purpose of revealing the problems of expression in art education at Taisho era. "Shasei" is a problematic term both in art history and art education history in japan. Originally this term included not only the meaning of sketching merely "an object" , but also of pursuing "acutuality" and "liveliness" , even "spirituality" of the object. The richness of this term "Shasei" would be seen in the writings of Kishida, a painter who explored "Shajitsu"("realism") through his life. Kishida revealed that "Shajitsu" could take place only through a struggle between "inner life" and "object" . He also suggested that, through this struggle, the materials and techniques composing the "surface" of picture could become tools of enriching the expressing self. Through considering how his thoughts was accepted among art teachers in Taisho era, we could illuminate the problems of expression in historical context, that is, the separation between "inner life" and "technique" in expression.