- 美學 (ISSN:05200962)
- vol.56, no.2, pp.69-82, 2005-09-30
In the baroque period, the body of French courtiers was educated in dance lessons. Therefore the most basic motion in the dance of that time, which was called mouvement, dominated rhythmic character of their bodies. Mouvement is a bending of the knees followed by a rise of the body and a straightening of the knees. The energy of the rise from the sink stresses the measure, but these motions are executed quite fluently and have no instant that divide time into beats. Because of these characters, the dancer count beats upward. Music has to cooperate with this bodily feeling in some ways, and notes inegales is one of them. Notes inegales is a convention in which notes with equal written values are performed with alternation of long and short durations. This convention has some characters in common with mouvement. For example, it conceals gaps between beats and makes the performance more graceful. Still more, the duration of the sound has great importance under this convention. Experience of this duration requires concentration on the progress of the sound. Here it builds up the mutual relationship with the rhythmic character of the body.