- 東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian cultural interaction studies (ISSN:18827748)
- no.7, pp.37-51, 2014-03
文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点東アジアの言語と表象The "Orchid Pavilion(Lanting 蘭亭)" is a beautiful landscape garden in China where a historically famous gathering called the "Lantei no Utage(蘭亭の宴)" (making-poetly banquet at the stream in a garden) was held by Wang Xizhi(王義之), the great Chinese calligrapher. The Chinese theme of Lanting associated with the creation of calligraphy became one of the most popular painting themes in Japan during the Edo period. The gathering took place on the third day of the third month, the Ninth Year of the Everlasting Harmony(永和)Period of the Eastern Jin(東晋)Dynasty(i.e.,353 CE). A Chinese painting of the "Orchid Pavilion Paintings"(蘭亭曲水図)refers to this gathering in a pictorial form. According to Chronicles of Japan(日本書紀巻2: Nihon Shoki in the 2nd Volume), certain documents describe "Kyokusui no Utage"(曲水の宴: literally, riverside banquet as a court ceremony), which was held on March 3rd, Joshi(上巳), when Emperor Kenzo was in the first year of his accession. However, this historical fact has not been verified. Eventually, in the Heian period, the "Kyokusui no Utage" was held as an annual event of poetry festivals in the lmperial Court sponsored by the Emperor. This paper discusses the major works of the "Orchid Pavilion Paintings" (蘭亭図)by Uragami Shunkin(浦上春琴), who was a Japanese painter of the late Edo period, and the painting theme of Orchid Pavilion is also considered for discussion. Furthermore, this paper analyzes how the distinct iconography of "Lanting" originated in China was introduced to Japan and accepted by Japanese painters throughout artistic changes or cultural transfbrmation over the years. Last but not least,the Wang Xizhi's spirit seen in his "Preface to the Orchid Pavilion Poems" (蘭亭序)should be worthy of special attention, although his preface was totally inappropriate on pleasant occasions such as a banquet. His immortal preface goes: Although the span of men's life may be longer or shorter, the sad thing is that all must end in death. People are moved with Shunkin's paintings entitled "Orchid Pavilion Paintings", which reveal beauty in transforming things instead of eternal beings.