著者
原田 正俊
出版者
関西大学
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.31-45, 2009-03-31

In medieval society in Japan, Zen monks played an important role in cultural interactions in East Asia. In the late 13th to 14th centuries, there were Five Great Zen Temples both in Kyoto and Kamakura, and the activities of Zen monks were expanded. The Five Great Zen Temples house a large amount of books from China. I chose the books housed in Tofuku-ji Temple and analyzed their contents. In addition, I also chose Shushin Gidoh as the topic of my research and considered the greatness of the influence he had on the policymakers, such as people surrounding the Kamakura shoguns and Ashikaga shoguns by specifying the books he read and his lecture activities. Furthermore, I clarified the meanings that the relationship between Buddhism and Confucianism preached by Zen monks had on Japanese society, and the influence of the cultures of the continent including Zen sects on Muromachi culture through noh plays.
著者
二階堂 善弘
出版者
関西大学
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.11-22, 2012-02-01

Seen from the perspective of cultural interaction, Myōken was originally therepresentative deity of esoteric Buddhism; however, it is believed that under the infl uence of multiple gods, this deity underwent a change. For example, Zhenwu, as the god Zhenzhai Lingfu, blended and fused with Myōken. Because of this syncretism, a Zhenwu-type Myōken appears in fi gures, such as the Chiba Myōken. In other examples, however, Myōken assumes a form close to the Daishōgun, and a number of diverse images have been preserved. This diversity of the Myōken god suggests that it should beconsidered a composite of multiple gods.
著者
二階堂 善弘
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian cultural interaction studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.325-336, 2020-03-31

Wei Juxian believes Fengshen Yanyi was influenced by Shenxian Tongjian. I agree with this view. However, Shenxian Tongjian was published after Fengshen Yanyi. Many Studies think Fengshen Yanyi is not affected by Shenxian Tongjian. But in terms of content, Shenxian Tongjian has no influence from Fengshen Yanyi. But on the one hand, Shenxian Tongjian was influenced by Xiyouji. The legend of Jesus Christ and Muhammad is recorded in Shenxian Tongjian. But the author thinks that Jesus Christ is an immortal.
著者
稲垣 智恵
出版者
関西大学
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.279-299, 2010-03-31

Many Japanese suffixes, such as 的 "-teki" were created in the early Meiji period in order to translate Western languages with inflection, and they were also introduced to China. To date, those suffixes have been used in both Chinese and Japanese as they can be found in modern Chinese and Japanese lexicons. While the Japanese suffix, 的 "–teki" is used to add an adjective meaning to a noun, whereas the Chinese 的 "de" is not . By comparing the usage of the suffix 的,this paper examines how differently Western languages with inflection were understood by Chinese and Japanese people, as well as, how the usage and meaning of the suffix have changed over time.
著者
稲垣 智恵
出版者
関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点(ICIS)
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian Cultural Interaction Studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.279-299, 2010-03-31

Many Japanese suffixes, such as 的 “-teki” were created in the early Meiji period in order to translate Western languages with inflection, and they were also introduced to China. To date, those suffixes have been used in both Chinese and Japanese as they can be found in modern Chinese and Japanese lexicons. While the Japanese suffix, 的 “–teki” is used to add an adjective meaning to a noun, whereas the Chinese 的 “de” is not . By comparing the usage of the suffix 的,this paper examines how differently Western languages with inflection were understood by Chinese and Japanese people, as well as, how the usage and meaning of the suffix have changed over time.
著者
張 麗山
出版者
関西大学
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.103-113, 2012-02-01

Sarutahiko is well known god from Japanese mythology. An indication of his popularity with the populace can be seen in the more than ten other names the god also has been given. Moto'ori Norinaga discusses Sarutahiko in his Kojikiden and argues forthe multiplicity of the god's personalities. Nevertheless, there are numerous aspects ofthe god's origin that remain unclear. Most of the research is in linguistics, anthropology, literature and other fi elds; however, there is very little that examines the god from the larger vantage of East Asia. This essay turns to documents related to the mythology of the Kojiki and the Nihongi and compares this myth with similar myths found throughout East Asia to re-evaluate Sarutahiko's traits. In particular, the essay focuses on the function of the god through pursuing one of his names, Chimata-no-kami.
著者
田野村 忠温
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian cultural interaction studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.61-79, 2020-03-31

The country name '独逸', which reads 'doitsu' and denotes Germany, is an exceptional instance among the large inventory of Kanji transliterated foreign names and terms in Japanese. It is partly because '独逸', unlike many of the other Kanji transliterated place names, was not borrowed from China, but created in Japan, and partly because dozens of different Kanji transliterations were attempted before '独逸' was finally selected as the standard. This article will analyze and clarify the background and process of the establishment of '独逸'. The exceptional nature of '独逸' will be argued to result from the historical social condition of Japan, which was under self-imposed national isolation since the seventeenth century, as well as from the peculiarity of Kanji transliterations in Japanese in general as compared with those in Chinese.
著者
董 科
出版者
関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点(ICIS)
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
no.3, pp.489-509, 2010-03

The epidemics had been prevalent during the Nara period in Japan. Among these infectious diseases, some types were originated from Japan and some new ones were imported from the Asian continents. This thesis is a research which based on the records of epidemics written in Shoku-Nihongi. According to epidemiological analysis, the time and space distributions of epidemics during the Nara period are made clear. Based on these distributions, the contagious patterns of the diseases came from the Asian continents, and the prevalent space of the inherent infections is demonstrated.
著者
池田 智恵
出版者
関西大学
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.225-237, 2012-02-01

At the end of the Qing period, there was a boom in the translation of mystery novels; however, the writing of mystery novels by Chinese authors did not become popular until the 1920s. Beginning in the late 1910s, mystery-writing contests were announced in the newspaper readers' columns, and many of the submissions resemble the earlier translated works all being set in overseas locations. At the same time, Chinesenewspapers were overfl owing with reader submissions, known as "black curtain" articles, that disclosed the darker side of society, that were extremely popular. With the appearance of mystery novels, it was believed that imagination was necessary for the appreciation of the newspaper article as a form of entertainment. In the 1910s, however, the writing of mysteries and "black curtain" articles had yet to fuse, but in analyzing the works of the 1920s, it is possible to discern that they were written based on the imagination used for the "black curtain" articles. From this point, "black curtain" article and mysteries fuse, and mystery novels that problematise China begin to be produced.
著者
大槻 暢子 岡本 弘道 宮嶋 純子
出版者
関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点(ICIS)
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
no.2, pp.289-311, 2009-03

This report shows the summary of the field survey on tea culture in Okinawa island conducted as part of the collaborative research by the young members of our institute. In pre-modern age, a series of islands including Okinawa island, so-called Ryukyu Arc, had undergone a historical transition different from the areas of Kagoshima and northward in Japan. In the process of adoption of tea culture, Ryukyu Arc showed its individual development while it is affected by Japan and China as a peripheral area of both sides. The tea culture of Okinawa contains Japanese elements, such as tea ceremony (Chanoyu) culture and Furi-Cha culture remaining as Buku-buku tea, and Chinese elements, such as massive import and consumption of Chinese tea from early modern age to modern age. It is indicated by the historical accumulation, so it can be an attractive subject in considering cultural interaction.
著者
グエン テイ テゥエット ニュン
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian cultural interaction studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.277-288, 2020-03-31

In Vietnam, many stories tell about the marriage of the snake and the human where the snakes appeared as grooms. These stories developed in various patterns, but most of them end with a happy ending where the snake and the human woman have a happy life. These marriages represent the Vietnamese dreams of an ideal marriage and their view of animals and nature. Snakes symbolize perfect marriage partners, and the marriage with snakes represents a dream of getting closer to nature so that the Vietnamese can live a better life. These stories also reflect the Vietnamese idea that bad people learn a lesson for themselves, contrary to the fact that good people can always have a good ending.
著者
岡部 美沙子
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian cultural interaction studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.279-297, 2017-03

文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点松浦章教授古稀記念号[東アジアの言語と表象]"Hakutaku (Baize 白澤)" is a divine animal that appears in ancient Chinese mythology. In China, Hakutaku's icon has been expressed like "tiger's head and dragon's body" or "dragon's head and animal body". This icon spreaded from China to Korea. And it has been handed down. In contrast, Hakutaku icon is expressed like "human face and ox body" in both Japan and Ryukyu(琉球). Xian(西安) Huxian(戸県) 's Hakutaku statue show us two kinds of possibility. The one can provide the evidence for the ox body Hakutaku, which appears in China, the other can show the possibility Hakutaku and Kirin (Qilin 麒麟) that is made up a pair.
著者
王 勇
出版者
関西大学
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.105-112, 2008-03-31

There are already many researches about Jianzhen's arrival in Japan. Therefore, this paper described his motives for going to Japan as being related to Taoism in the Tang era. Early return of Japanese dispatched priests and Jianzhen and the others' obsessive passion for going to Japan is due to the Chinese circumstances which prosperity of Taoism reached its peak in the period of Xuanzong, and as well as Japanese circumstances, "Japanese emperor did not worship principles of Taoist priest". There were no evidence that Tang era's Taoism were taken into Japan, as a religious community which had facilities, officers, and organizations; however, Taoism among the Tang cultural things which are mixed into rituals, folk beliefs, and annual events would be brought to Japan by various routes in the era of Japanese envoy to the Tang Dynasty.
著者
松浦 章
出版者
関西大学
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.327-342, 2012-02-01

In the mid-19th century, many European and American ships began to appear in Southeast Asia. Some of these ships belonged to the Peninsular and Oriental and Steam Navigation Company – a company founded in London during the early 19th century and commonly known as P.&O. – as part of the company's development of the shipping industry in Asia. Soon after the European establishment of trade with Japan, the P.&O. Company founded the Shanghai, Hong Kong and Japan route, which began operating in 1864. The shipping company's activities in East Asia also contributed greatly to population movement. This thesis describes the late 19th-century East Asian Seas, the P.&O. Shipping Company's activities and the resulting regional cooperation.
著者
馬 成芬
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian cultural interaction studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.573-592, 2017-03-31

文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点松浦章教授古稀記念号[東アジアの歴史と動態]There were 151 kinds of Chinese calligraphy rubbings, totally 3797 volumes, being imported to Japan in Edo period. But all these rubbings could not be considered to be authentic works, and some of them couldn't be distinguished if they were authentic works or not. In that case, how about the condition of those counterfeited rubbings which were imported to Japan? In this paper, I will focus on these counterfeited rubbings of being imported to Japan, then explored the condition of it and the influence to the area of calligraphy of Japan.
著者
森部 豊
出版者
関西大学
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.351-357, 2012-02-01

This paper introduces the Nestorian Stone Pillar "discovered" in Luoyang, Henan Province, China in 2006, and also introduces the present state of research on this object. Also included is a discussion of the pillar and its value in the history ofcultural negotiation. Nestorianism entered China during the Tang Dynasty, which can be interpreted as a concrete example of cultural negotiation in East Asia. Information concerning the recent discovery of this new historical source needs to bemade available to the world of Cultural Negotiation Studies and incorporated asshared knowledge. This pillar has two inscriptions ‒ Daqin jingjiao xuanyuan zhiben jing 大秦景教宣元至本経 and Jingchuangji 経幢記 ‒ the second inscription being of great value inthe fi eld of cultural negotiation. It attests to the presence of a Nestorian Temple, Nestorianism being a branch of Christianity, at the beginning of the ninth century in Luoyang: the name of the temple was Daqinsi 大秦寺. It also attests to the presence of Sogdian who served as the priests at the Luoyang Daqinsi. It also suggests that there was group of Nestorian Sogdian living in Luoyang. It fi nally attests to the presence of a settlement of Sogdian outside of Luoyang during the Tang Dynasty.
著者
董 科
出版者
関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点(ICIS)
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian Cultural Interaction Studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.489-509, 2010-03-31

The epidemics had been prevalent during the Nara period in Japan. Among these infectious diseases, some types were originated from Japan and some new ones were imported from the Asian continents. This thesis is a research which based on the records of epidemics written in Shoku-Nihongi. According to epidemiological analysis, the time and space distributions of epidemics during the Nara period are made clear. Based on these distributions, the contagious patterns of the diseases came from the Asian continents, and the prevalent space of the inherent infections is demonstrated.
著者
董 伊莎
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian cultural interaction studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.749-762, 2017-03-31

This work looks at a relation of ancient Japan's and China's ideas of ritual centering on rei. The etiquette that was inseparable from law should have been transmitted with Chinese legal codes, but the expression wasn't always limited to the legal codes text. Especially in the case of the ideas of ritual, It was considered that fixed change occurred due to the difference in the consept of ghost and god between the two countries. And after examinating of records about rei, it was found that there were rei of the spirit who brought an epidemic and rei of the ghost who had no heir in the ancient China. New development of beliefs to rei in the late of Han Dynasty and the Six Dynasty was a result that these two kinds of rei were connected under the condition of the deaths in hatred. That's the customs which worship the vindictive spirit who was a concrete person to a god. These customs can be considered to have an impact on Japan. In addition, This work also looked at the first Goryō ceremony and subsequent Goryō ceremony and pointed out that the origins of both were different, and speculated that the former possibly imitated Chinese ritual of rei for political purposes.
著者
中谷 伸生
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian cultural interaction studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.31-57, 2020-03-31

The Portrait of Kimura Kenkado (owned by Osaka Prefectural Board of Education) was painted by TANI Buncho (1763-1841) in 1802. The grinning expression of KIMURA Kenkado (1736-1802) in the painting is unusual among East Asian portraits before the nineteenth century. The main questions addressed in this paper are : 1) the issue of the forgery of Kenkado's paintings, especially of his mid-career works, 2) the influence of ITO Jakuchu on the shifting style of Kenkado, and 3) the question of why Kenkado's later paintings adopted a more realistic mode of representation. Lastly, this paper will suggest the possibility that Kenkado's bereaved family specifically requested Buncho to paint the portrait of Kenkado with a smile. It is also argued that Buncho, as a close acquaintance and admirer of Kenkado, painted the portrait with a similar intent to his family.
著者
田野村 忠温
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian cultural interaction studies (ISSN:18827748)
巻号頁・発行日
no.11, pp.3-26, 2018-03

文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点[東アジアの言語と表象]