- JunCture : 超域的日本文化研究 (ISSN:18844766)
- no.10, pp.8-17, 2019-03-25
Inbe Kawori's Imperfect Cats is a photography book published in 2018. Inbe spent 4 years interviewing 62 women and taking portraits of them. Her portraits and texts show us women's various experiences. The purpose of the present essay is to investigate the interaction between cultural gender norms and "frames of recognition." In this essay, I focus on the works of Judith Butler, especially Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (New York: Routledge, 2006 ) and Notes Toward a Performative Theory of Assembly (Harvard University Press, 2015). In Gender Trouble, Butler insists that "gender is not a fact, the various acts of gender create the idea of gender, and without those acts, there would be no gender at all" (Butler 2006: 190). By analyzing the representation of women in Inbe's book, I describe the various acts of gender. At the same time, I considered this essay a trans-affirmative work. Recently, some feminists made trans-phobic speeches on SNS (see details in "Transgender and Feminism" by Hori Akiko. https://wezz-y.com/archives/62688). I describe the concept of gender as historical and performative in agreement with Butler's previous research about gender performativity. In addition to Butler, I focus on the works of Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick's Epistemology of the Closet (University of California Press: 1st edition, 1990).