- 東北地理 (ISSN:03872777)
- vol.10, no.1, pp.21-24, 1957
(1) P value of the Night-train can be an index which determines the character of trains and the mutual directional character among the areas. Especially. P1 the number of the passengers at the starting station : the whole passengers) P3 (passengers between the starting and the terminal stations : the number of the passengers at the starting station) and P5 (the number of the passengers between the starting and terminal stations : the whole passengers) ase the index which shows whether the triin is nocturnal or daytime. generally, P1 is shown hign in degree in a Night train. But other values except P1 are various. For example, in the case of the ‘Ise’, its P1=92, P3=6 and P5=1. In the case of the train , P1=92 P =97 and P5 1, and both trains are different in their nature as a Night-train.<BR>(2) In the time of the traffic of passengers between Tokyo and Osaka, 1, 271 persons make use of Night-trains while 212 persons take Daytime-trains, This shows the utilization of Night-trains surpass.<BR>(3) The Tokai district between Tokyo and Osaka, the Sanyo district between Osaka Kyushu, and the Tohoku district between Tokyo and Hokkaido, these districts are ‘unavailable time zones, ’ These unavailaqle time zones are ‘passage areas’. If these are compsared with the directional asea, they are less powerful as independent districts economically and socially.<BR>(4) The Sanyo and Kyushu districts can be reached from Tokyo, Kyoto or Osaka within 24 hours by a Night-train. But the people from Kyoto or Osaka have much available time of sojourn. Consequently, the number of passengers which inclines to there districts differs.<BR>(5) Generally speaking, when A and B form a seection and have no other region called C in their further front, even if the distance of the section is 200 km or so, it forms a directional region. But the region called C is important from the economical point of view, and B region becomes a passage area for the purpose of the passenger treffic.<BR>(6) The economical value of trains is considered greater in the case of an express and a Night-train. If a city is to have an independent economical power enough to have Night-trains, operating the distance between these cities must be 500km. From the contrary point of view, a populous city near a large city can be called, as it is, a satellite town.<BR>(7) The transition from a passage ares to a directional region comes to bring the desire to have Night-trains available, But, if it is limited because of the distance, the stop of a train from midnight to morning, can be considered.<BR>(8) The improvement of transportation increases the desire for it, and the increase of the desire promotes the productivity. In my opinion, tsansportation must go a step ahead of production.