- SHAKAIGAKU KENKYUKAI
- ソシオロジ (ISSN:05841380)
- vol.54, no.1, pp.69-85,178, 2009
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the aspect of the "Resolution of Shame" that Transgender individuals acquire through body transformation, in contrast to the concept of performativity in Queer Studies. In the 1980s, the body transformation of Transpeople changed its meaning from non-subjective subordination in the Institution of Patriarchyto queering "Subordination-Subjectivation" to the norm. However, in the mid-1990s, the equation of body transformation to the performativity of the Queer theory was strongly criticized by Transpeople and in transgender studies. In this criticism, two positions were taken. One position emphasized the restraint of the body transformative practice in an ontological context. The other position said that the body transformative practice could not be reduced to the construction of identity and a gender stereotype, and that it intended to have feelings of "Safety" and "Belonging." This position also showed that the body transformative practice of Transpeople includes two kinds of Performativity (identification and assimilation). By reading the trans-embodiment analysis by Jay Prosser (a theorist in transgender studies who represents the latter position) making use of the theoretical frame of Eve K. Sedgwick's "Absorption Performativity/Theatrical Performativity," this paper strives to show that there is a positifying of the goal of Safety and Belonging in the bodily transformation of Transpeople and this positifying is accomplished by a theatrical performativity distantiating shameful bodily parts.