- 東洋大学社会学部紀要 = The Bulletin of Faculty of Sociology,Toyo University (ISSN:04959892)
- vol.56, no.2, pp.23-37, 2019-03
The purpose of this study is to clarify the situation and the cause of sexual victimization among people with disabilities, in order to enable us to lend support to them. The study consisted of the questionnaire survey, group interview and individual interviews. People who have, or who are suspected of having a developmental disability, cooperated with this study. Based on the results of the questionnaire survey, 71.9% of people with developmental disabilities experienced sexual victimization and some of them were exposed to sexual violence multiple times. Compared to the study by the Cabinet Office, people with developmental disabilities were significantly more likely to report experiencing sexual violence. The result suggests that people with developmental disabilities are at greater risk of sexual victimization, compared to those without a disability. The interview study showed that risk of sexual violence was attributable to characteristics shared by people with developmental disabilities, such as low self-esteem and social isolation. The analysis identified a number of ways to offer support for victims of sexual victimization among people with developmental disabilities, including the need for sexual education and human-rights education for these people, as well as the need to develop support systems for the victims and place legal restrictions on perpetrators.