著者
岩田 千亜紀 中野 宏美
出版者
東洋大学社会学部
雑誌
東洋大学社会学部紀要 = The Bulletin of Faculty of Sociology,Toyo University (ISSN:04959892)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.2, pp.23-37, 2019-03

The purpose of this study is to clarify the situation and the cause of sexual victimization among people with disabilities, in order to enable us to lend support to them. The study consisted of the questionnaire survey, group interview and individual interviews. People who have, or who are suspected of having a developmental disability, cooperated with this study. Based on the results of the questionnaire survey, 71.9% of people with developmental disabilities experienced sexual victimization and some of them were exposed to sexual violence multiple times. Compared to the study by the Cabinet Office, people with developmental disabilities were significantly more likely to report experiencing sexual violence. The result suggests that people with developmental disabilities are at greater risk of sexual victimization, compared to those without a disability. The interview study showed that risk of sexual violence was attributable to characteristics shared by people with developmental disabilities, such as low self-esteem and social isolation. The analysis identified a number of ways to offer support for victims of sexual victimization among people with developmental disabilities, including the need for sexual education and human-rights education for these people, as well as the need to develop support systems for the victims and place legal restrictions on perpetrators.
著者
宇都宮 京子
出版者
東洋大学社会学部
雑誌
東洋大学社会学部紀要 = The Bulletin of Faculty of Sociology,Toyo University (ISSN:04959892)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.1, pp.71-83, 2018-01

In this paper I make arguments regarding the relationships between the social theories of Weber, Schutz and Luhmann, referring to Husserl's Phenomenology.Schutz criticized Weber's Interpretative Sociology (Verstehende Soziologie), because he didn't give refer to the time-concept. Schütz's theoretical basis was established by Husserl in his study of the internal time-consciousness,but a new turn to his argument has emerged.Schutz adapted Bergson's concept of the durée and referred to his concept of simultaneity;Schutz expressed his idea about the simultaneity of two durations or streams of consciousness in the context of "the phenomenon of growing older together." Weber's interpretive sociology strives to examine how observers (sociologists) can properly approach the subjective meaning of social actors. He made clear distinctions between the standpoint of an observer and one of an actor, but we can also see that it is difficult to identify an explanation on the concept of time in Weber's works. Weber referred to Husserl's work, Logische Untersuchung, in his thesis*, but thereare neither the concept of transcendental ego nor of consciousness-stream, nor of inner time-consciousness in Husserl's Logische Untersuchung.I pointed out that Weber referred to the social relations and especially 'Einverständnis'. (Luhmann referred to this Weber's concept).Here we can identify the relationship between social actors such that they can confirm the validity of their expectation through their own experiences. Finally I examined Luhman's relation to the views of Schutz, Weber and Husserl.These are as follows;1. Einverständnis (Weber)2. 'gleichzeitig altern' (Schütz)3. Horizont (Husserl)
著者
柴田 隆行
出版者
東洋大学社会学部
雑誌
東洋大学社会学部紀要 (ISSN:04959892)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.1, pp.5-19, 2015-11
著者
安藤 清志 アンドウ キヨシ Kiyoshi ANDO
出版者
東洋大学社会学部
雑誌
東洋大学社会学部紀要 (ISSN:04959892)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, no.2, pp.35-44, 2010-03
被引用文献数
3