- 経済科学 (ISSN:00229725)
- vol.62, no.4, pp.27-41, 2015-03-25 (Released:2015-04-02)
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the characteristics of Max Adler's thought that influenced Jürgen Habermas. Adler, an Austro-Marxist, developed a Kantian version of Marxism: this paper analyses how Adler reconstituted Marxist social science based on Kant's transcendental philosophy in his work Causality and Teleology (1904). Adler constructed the concept of the transcendental-social to tie together Kant and Marx. According to Adler, the idea that the individual consciousness is transcendentally socialized is shown in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Furthermore, relying on Kant's theory on the transcendental relation between the individual and society, Adler analysed Marx's theory of fetishism in Capital, and discovered that the central element of Marx's social science is the concept of "people realizing socialization within themselves". This paper concludes that what Adler's Kantian version of Marxism asserted is that historical materialism was something that viewed the historical development of the transcendental-social in its lawlike qualities.