- 経済科学 (ISSN:00229725)
- vol.55, no.4, pp.1-24, 2008-03
In today's Japan, the name of Dr. Morinosuke Kajima, a former president of a big construction company, Kajima Corporation, is famous for representing businessman in the Showa Period, as well as for being a politician and diplomatic scientist. However, very few people know that Dr. Kajima had been a proponent of Pan-Asianism for the per-war time beginning form the second half of the 1920s. Many people would be surprised at the fact that he put up a monument in the peak build in his parent's home on which his own aspiration, "My biggest desire is to realize Pan Asia someday" was inscribed in 1973.However, his desire was surely to create Pan-Asia, a kind of East Asia community. His active social activities like the establishing of a publishing company and two institutes for diplomatic and peace studies, and creating the Kajima Peace Award and so froth were deeply related to his philosophy of Pan-Asianism.What actually was his Pan-Asianism? How did his philosophy pass through the trial of the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere of the second world war? These question very soon appear in our minds.In this paper, the author considers Dr. M. Kajima's Pan-Asianism in three periods (i.e., in the pre-wartime, wartime, and post-wartime), explain fundamental structure of his idea, and try to answer the about question.Quite recantly, East Asian people have been actively discussing an East Asian community, and Dr. Majima's Pan-Asianism contains some suggestion about it.